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Obres de Daron Acemoglu

Introduction to Modern Economic Growth (2008) 65 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Economics (2014) 10 exemplars, 1 ressenya


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The failure of nations is caused by extractive political and economic institutions, where a small group of elites extract wealth from the nation.

Both inclusive and extractive institutions are self-reinforcing. Inclusive institutions lead to a virtuous cycle, becoming more inclusive over time; extractive institutions lead to a vicious cycle, becoming more extractive over time.

Overthrowing the leaders in an extractive nation typically just changes who's collecting payments. The best way to break the cycle is with a broad coalition of interests, so one group doesn't become the new extractive leaders.… (més)
billerickson | Hi ha 54 ressenyes més | Jul 8, 2024 |
A Long book and at times repetitive, however this book based on several examples try to explain the historical and social reasons behind the poverty and development in the nations. Institutions are the key factor behind the development of a nation. Extractive insititution that extract wealth from the majority to a powerful minority even if they can create wealth it won't last. Inclusive institution, that make include most of the population and create the environment necessary for innovation will create a virtuous circle in those economies that posses them. The theory is simple but powerful, and although not all the process of development of countries can be explained using it, it gives a good start point to understand the dynamics of such nations. There was some things I did not like it, like the shallow treatment of the Latin-American countries. I don't think they took enough space or researched enough to give a good description of the situation. Another thing I did not like about this books is that it is too repetitive and too long at parts. I think the messaged could have been conveyed with much more less prose. In general a good read and a recommended book for those who want to understand more about the historical and political issues behind the development of a nation.… (més)
MikkelGen | Hi ha 54 ressenyes més | May 27, 2024 |
In “The Narrow Corridor: States, Societies, and the Fate of Liberty,” authors Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson assemble an astounding collection of political histories to persuade us that to survive in our age political liberty requires a strong state and a citizenry engaged in politics.

And they almost have me convinced.

They not only employ the histories of states who have significant liberties built into their systems, but many states who do not, and a few who seem to be on the way.

They show how China is a tyranny today and why it got that way. They show how Argentina’s and Columbia’s bureaucracies and Lebanon’s Parliament do their best at sitting on their hands.

And they develop a convincing argument that societies with roots in community discussion and debate lay the groundwork for freedom-loving democracies in Europe, America, and Africa.

I can hear the howls of the American Right complaining that government is just too big for its own good, and the Brexiters saying that Bruxelles was just one government too many.

Acemoglu and Robinson lost me a little bit when they claimed that what societies need is more higher education and an acknowledgement from the people that mass surveillance is really in their own best interests.

Excuse me if I lean on Yuval Harari a little bit, but machines are telling us over and over today that there really is a finite limit to the productivity of humans, no matter how much education you pile on them.

That political compromise is anathema to the new politics and that there is so much inertia built into government today that we are piling laws on top of laws that nobody really care a damn about.

As I sit here today waiting out a global pandemic just to begin thinking about climate change once again, I am wondering where is the political will to save us from ourselves.

The authors write a peon to bills of rights, but nowhere do they acknowledge that rights have no benefit without equal and opposite obligations to the body politic. That political discourse on its own doesn’t make people put up or shut up.

That political mobilization makes little sense in a place like America where more believe in fairy tales than science. Present administrations NOT EXCEPTED!

Do we believe in a fair wage economy? Not unless you believe that the care of children, and the sick, and elderly at home account for no economic value to society. Not in our liberal states and not in our illiberal states.

Our liberal states continue to be extractive in the literal as well as metaphorical sense. And we haven’t figured a way out of the extractive logic.
… (més)
MylesKesten | Hi ha 5 ressenyes més | Jan 23, 2024 |
No fundo, a ideia base deste livro é a mesma já exposta em “Porque falham as Nações”, a novidade reside numa teoria diferente. Em lugar da tónica na economia e na classificação das sociedades em exploratórias e inclusivas, agora a tónica é posta na política e no balanço existente entre o poder político e o poder da sociedade, sendo o resultado chamado de “Leviatã”.
Quando o Estado é mais fraco que a sociedade, temo os “Leviatã ausente”, quando se dá o inverso ocorre o “Leviatã despótico”. Quando há um relativo equilíbrio entre ambos, surge a desejável “Leviatã algemado”. O espaço onde o equilíbrio é possível é chamado de “corredor”. Devem ainda ser considerados os efeitos que contribuem simultaneamente para o fortalecimento de ambos, mantendo assim o equilíbrio e resultando em progresso social, sendo chamados de “efeito da rainha de copas”.
A teoria é bem mais interessante do que a linguagem utilizada, que por vezes se torna enfadonha. Em função dos casos apresentados, um índice alternativo poderia ser:
1 – Lagos, China, Gana e Texas.
2- Atenas, EUA século XVIII e Líbano.
3 – Arábia de Maomé e Zulus.
4 – Tongas, Tives, Havai, Zulus e Geórgia.
5 – Comunas italianas e Aztecas.
6 - Francos, Inglaterra medieval, Bizâncio e Europa.
7 – China.
8 – Índia.
9 – Europa, Rússia, Guatemala e Costa Rica.
10 – Fergurson (EUA)
11 – Argentina, Colômbia e Libéria.
12 – Arábia Saudita.
13 – Alemanha nazi e Chile de Pinochet.
14 – África do Sul, Turquia, Lagos e Congo belga.
15 – Suécia e EUA.
De todo o livro o que achei mais fascinante foi a comparação entre a Guatemala e a Costa Rica no capítulo 9.
… (més)
CMBras | Aug 20, 2023 |



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