Imatge de l'autor

Rudolf Bultmann (1884–1976)

Autor/a de Jesus Christ and Mythology

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Sobre l'autor

Rudolf Bultmann, a highly acclaimed New Testament scholar, was born in the former German state of Oldenburg. His theological training, which began at the University of Tubingen in 1903, was subsequently carried out at the universities of Marburg and Berlin. Adolf von Harnack, Wilhelm Herrmann, and mostra'n més Johannes Weiss rank high among professors who most influenced Bultmann. In the course of his distinguished teaching career, brief appointments at the Universities of Marburg (1912-16), Breslau (1916-20), and Giessen (1920-21) were followed by a lengthy tenure at Marburg (1921-51) that put him in close association with the existentialist philosopher Martin Heidegger. Already enamored of Herrmann's insight that theology must engage experience as well as concepts, Bultmann was drawn to Heidegger's understanding of existence with its distinctive emphasis on two modes of being-authenticity and inauthenticity. That perception of the human struggle significantly informed Bultmann's understanding of the New Testament message as a clarion summons to authentic existence. While Bultmann did not slight Paul in his biblical scholarship, most of his publications centered on the Gospels. During his residency in Breslau, Bultmann completed his first major work (1921), whose English translation appeared in 1963 under the title The History of the Synoptic Tradition. The analysis quickly established Bultmann as a leading biblical scholar. It endorsed Martin Dibelius's idea that, if New Testament scholars were to further their understanding of the Gospel traditions, they would do well to adopt the form-critical methodology that Hermann Gunkel had successfully applied to Old Testament traditions. Focusing on diverse literary forms as the starting point of his investigation into the nature of the earliest Christian communities, Bultmann seriously questioned the assumptions of liberal theology that the historical Jesus was, in fact, knowable in the Gospel narrative. He regarded as untenable Harnach's view that the Gospel traditions contained the necessary data for constructing a trustworthy biographical portrait of Jesus. Thus, Bultmann insisted that the early church's apologetic, catechetical, and liturgical activities primarily dictated the shaping of the written Gospels..Although Bultmann's assertions evoked much opposition, they continue to influence how New Testament specialists perceive the Gospel. In his provocative essay New Testament and Mythology published in 1941, Bultmann sets forth his program for demythologizing the New Testament. He argues that the biblical message is mediated through a mythological framework that is alien to the worldview of modern humanity. He explains that the framers of New Testament myth were not attempting to describe the world objectively; rather, they were seeking to understand themselves within it. Thus, the demythologizing task that is incumbent on twentieth-century biblical interpreters is not to eliminate the myth but to perceive it existentially. The insight induces Bultmann to issue a creative restatement of the New Testament faith in existentialist categories drawn from Heidegger. If that procedure has not endeared him to readers who are less enthusiastic about Heidegger than he, few have faulted Bultmann's claim that the Christian gospel stands independent of the worldview in which it was originally shaped. The form criticism and demythologizing that are so central in Bultmann's hermeneutical agenda are readily discernible in his Theology of the New Testament. Bultmann died in 1976. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys

Obres de Rudolf Bultmann

Jesus Christ and Mythology (1958) 654 exemplars
Theology of the New Testament (1951) 560 exemplars
Jesus and the Word (1934) 349 exemplars
The Gospel of John: A Commentary (1971) 205 exemplars
Faith and understanding I (1958) 32 exemplars
Gnosis (1952) 23 exemplars
Faith (1961) 12 exemplars
Marburger Predigten (1956) 4 exemplars
Correspondencia, 1925-1975 (2011) 4 exemplars
Hope 4 exemplars
Creer y comprender (1974) 4 exemplars
El cristianisme dels orígens (2015) 3 exemplars
Geloof zonder mythe 3 exemplars
Storia ed escatologia (1989) 2 exemplars
Jesus and the World 1 exemplars
Title Not GIven 1 exemplars
Gesù (1972) 1 exemplars
Wachen und Träumen (2011) 1 exemplars
Connaître 1 exemplars
nuovo testamento e mitologia (1900) 1 exemplars

Obres associades

Essays On Old Testament Hermeneutics (1963) — Col·laborador — 112 exemplars
And more about God (1969) — Col·laborador — 7 exemplars


Coneixement comú

Nom normalitzat
Bultmann, Rudolf
Nom oficial
Bultmann, Rudolf Karl
Data de naixement
Data de defunció
Lloc de naixement
Wiefelstede, Germany
University of Tubingen
University of Berlin
University of Marburg




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