Imatge de l'autor

Francis Fukuyama

Autor/a de The End of History and the Last Man

48+ obres 6,852 Membres 85 Ressenyes 9 preferits

Sobre l'autor

Yoshihiro Francis Fukuyama was born October 27, 1952 in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. Fukuyama received his Bachelor of Arts degree in classics from Cornell University, where he studied political philosophy under Allan Bloom. He initially pursued graduate studies in comparative literature mostra'n més at Yale University, going to Paris for six months to study under Roland Barthes and Jacques Derrida, but became disillusioned and switched to political science at Harvard University. There, he studied with Samuel P. Huntington and Harvey Mansfield, among others. He earned his Ph.D. in Political Science from Harvard for his thesis on Soviet threats to intervene in the Middle East. In 1979, he joined the global policy think tank RAND Corporation. Fukuyama was the Omer L. and Nancy Hirst Professor of Public Policy in the School of Public Policy at George Mason University from 1996 to 2000. Until July 10, 2010, he was the Bernard L. Schwartz Professor of International Political Economy and Director of the International Development Program at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University, located in Washington, D.C. He is now Olivier Nomellini Senior Fellow and resident in the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. Fukuyama is best known as the author of The End of History and the Last Man, in which he argued that the progression of human history as a struggle between ideologies is largely at an end, with the world settling on liberal democracy after the end of the Cold War and the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Fukuyama predicted the eventual global triumph of political and economic liberalism. He has written a number of other books, among them Trust: The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity and Our Posthuman Future: Consequences of the Biotechnology Revolution. His latest work The Origins of Political Order: From Prehistoric Times to the French Revolution made Publisher's Weekly Best Seller's List for 2011. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys


Obres de Francis Fukuyama

The End of History and the Last Man (1992) 1,979 exemplars
Our Posthuman Future (1992) 604 exemplars
Liberalism and Its Discontents (2022) 189 exemplars
The End of History? 6 exemplars
End of Order, The (1997) 3 exemplars
What is Governance? 2 exemplars
The Tao of Physics 1 exemplars
The Unselfish Gene 1 exemplars
FIN DEL HOMBRE (2008) 1 exemplars
Distruzione 1 exemplars

Obres associades

The Best American Political Writing 2006 (2006) — Col·laborador — 35 exemplars
The American Illness: Essays on the Rule of Law (2013) — Col·laborador — 15 exemplars
The New Invisible College: Science for Development (2008) — Pròleg, algunes edicions12 exemplars
Utopie Eindexamencahier Havo vanaf 2007 (2006) — Col·laborador — 11 exemplars
Honor Among Nations: Intangible Interests and Foreign Policy (1998) — Col·laborador — 2 exemplars


Coneixement comú



Het klassieke liberalisme verkeert in een staat van crisis. Dat dit systeem, dat is gebaseerd op fundamentele beginselen van gelijkheid en de rechtsstaat en dat de rechten van individuen om hun eigen vormen van geluk na te streven benadrukt, niet altijd zijn eigen idealen waarmaakte, is geen geheim. In het Westen werd aan veel mensen gelijkheid voor de wet ontzegd. Wie meetelde als volwaardig mens met universele rechten werd eeuwenlang betwist, en pas recent is deze omissie gerepareerd.

De principes van het liberalisme zijn de afgelopen decennia door zowel rechts als links tot uitersten gedreven: neoliberalen maakten een cultus van economische vrijheid, terwijl progressieven zich richtten op identiteit boven universaliteit. Het resultaat, stelt Fukuyama, is toenemende polarisatie en een toenemend gevaar voor onze democratie. In dit heldere verslag van de huidige politieke onvrede biedt Fukuyama een essentiële verdediging van een liberalisme voor de eenentwintigste eeuw.… (més)
aitastaes | Dec 26, 2023 |
Interesting non-fiction by the guy who brought us The End of History and the Last Man.
Author has some insights & some historical knowledge but also some exaggeration, political bias & some generalization - as well as a few factual errors (e.g., Nixon won a landslide by a in '68 - it was 0.5%; England was a liberal society when the Industrial Revolution began - uhh- not in anyone's dreams). Of course, history did not end in 1997, either.

The author has a scholar's broad & deep knowledge of some areas but also the overreach that many experts have when opining outside their areas of expertise. Still, it is worth reading because of the depth & insights he does have ... but with one's eyes open.… (més)
RickGeissal | Hi ha 6 ressenyes més | Aug 16, 2023 |
3.5 stars: there is nothing really new here, and there is nothing horribly, terribly wrong here, either. I wish that there was a little more explicit attention paid to e.g. the history of "identity politics" as used to justify slavery, Jim Crow, etc. Then again, maybe Fukuyama felt that, especially in a short work, the obvious didn't need to be stated (if you don't understand that the power of white racism was nigh 100% expressed through identity politics, up to and including making it legal to own, torture, kill, etc. people, then you are hopelessly lost; to state it as boilerplate just to prove you know it is nothing but virtue signaling...) Nonetheless, there were a couple of moments where I was left with of a bit of a sense that a false equivalency was being made.

The biggest drawback for me was that the book, for being so short, zoomed out to the broad international, then to the US, then to the EU/EU region, back to the US, etc. A tighter focus would have helped make his point more strongly.

Some reviews seem angry that Fukuyama falls into the trap of claiming that activists/minorities/women/etc. invented identity politics or some such. I do not get that read at all. Modern IP (60's - 10's) is a creature of the left. The never-quite-gone-away and neo-nativist IP of white identitarians is a reaction to that left IP. That doesn't deny the fact that there is continuity with white racisms of the past, or that racism is an animator of those politics today.

What is new, what the book is about, is the growing (and some would say already outsized) role IP plays on the left, how that has displaced (imperfectly) more universal groupings, and where all that, in tandem with the already existing white racism and white identity politics that is being consolidated by the right, will lead us. I think reviews like e.g. Mehrsa's somewhat miss this point.

It critiques like that (couched as a critique of historical accuracy) that makes me reflect on the confusions --or the continuums-- that I sum up as Identity Politics != politics with an identity != having social identities != tribalism != personal identities.

A critique of the book that I would give, and a critique of the critiques I've read, is that they don't seem to acknowledge how grievance/desire for respect can move separately from political, or even social, activity. Though, I suppose, it depends on what you mean by the word. A desire for acceptance isn't necessarily the same as a desire for dignity/respect...

There is definitely a lot here to think about, even if ultimately I think the book leaves a lot to be desired.
… (més)
dcunning11235 | Hi ha 9 ressenyes més | Aug 12, 2023 |
Much too thin and simplistic.
fji65hj7 | Hi ha 6 ressenyes més | May 14, 2023 |



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