Imatge de l'autor
226+ obres 3,430 Membres 26 Ressenyes 10 preferits

Sobre l'autor

Galileo Galilei, the great astronomer and physicist whose researches played so crucial a role in the history of science, also occupies an important place in the history of philosophy for his part in overthrowing the predominant Aristotelian concept of the nature of the universe. Galileo considered mostra'n més himself a philosopher and referred to himself as such on the title pages of his most influential works. Much recent research has been devoted to examining both the philosophical background of Galileo's scientific achievements and the philosophical implications of his scientific method. Born in Pisa, the eldest son of a famous music theorist, Galileo entered on the study of medicine at the University of Pisa but quickly shifted his interest to mathematics. From 1589 to 1592, he taught mathematics at Pisa while studying independently with Jacopo Mazzoni, a distinguished professor of philosophy. His earliest scientific works, directed against Aristotle's account of freely falling bodies, date from this period. In 1592 he moved to Padua, where he lectured on mathematics and astronomy, and by 1597 he was defending the Copernican helicocentric theory of the universe in a letter to his friend Mazzoni. When in 1609, he learned of the invention of the telescope in Holland, Galileo quickly designed an improved version of the instrument for his own astronomical observations. His startling discoveries---including the satellites of Jupiter---were revealed in 1610 in his Starry Messenger (Sidereus nuncius), which led to his appointment as mathematician and philosopher to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. On a visit to Rome in 1611, he demonstrated the power of his instrument and defended the Copernican worldview in learned circles. Church authorities were divided on the question of whether the Copernican theory was consistent with scriptural accounts of the cosmos, and Galileo's position was attacked on theological grounds. He defended himself eloquently in his famous Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina (1615), arguing for the independence of scientific inquiry from theological constraints. Nevertheless, in the following year, he was forbidden to hold or teach the Copernican view. Retiring to Florence to pursue his scientific researches, Galileo let the Copernican question lie until a new pope, Urban VIII, seemed to offer a more favorable reception to his views. In 1632 he brought out his great Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, a presentation of the Ptolemaic-Aristotelian and Copernican systems heavily weighted in favor of the scientific superiority of the latter. In spite of the support of his Florentine and Roman friends, Galileo was tried and forced to recant his defense of helicocentrism under the threat of torture; the Dialogue was placed on the Index of Prohibited Books and its author sentenced to house arrest for life. Galileo's last years were spent in scientific investigations that culminated in the publication of his Discourses on Two New Sciences (1638). Galileo's legacy as a philosopher lies in his outspoken defense of the autonomy of scientific investigation from philosophical and theological authority, and his conviction that mathematical proofs can and should be sought in physical science, that celestial and terrestrial phenomena can be accounted for by a single set of scientific laws, and that scientific explanations cannot be divorced from direct empirical observation of phenomena. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys
Crèdit de la imatge: Justus Sustermans

Sèrie

Obres de Galileo Galilei

Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo (1957) 699 exemplars, 4 ressenyes
Dialogues Concerning Two New Sciences (1638) 540 exemplars, 7 ressenyes
Britannica Great Books: Gilbert, Galileo, Harvey (1600) — Autor — 338 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Sidereus Nuncius, or The Sidereal Messenger (1610) 295 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Essential Galileo (2008) 92 exemplars
Il saggiatore (1900) 73 exemplars
Carta a Cristina de Lorena (1994) 27 exemplars
On Sunspots (1613) 22 exemplars
Opere (1953) 20 exemplars
Antologia (1974) 16 exemplars
Dialogue on the great world systems (1953) 16 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Breven om solfläckarna (1613) 12 exemplars
Discourse on bodies in water (2005) 11 exemplars
Opere (2005) 5 exemplars
Galileo Galilei (1977) 5 exemplars
Le lettere copernicane (1997) 5 exemplars
Sul candore della Luna (2019) 5 exemplars
Lettere (2008) 5 exemplars
Kijker, kerk en kosmos (2017) 4 exemplars
Opere volume I 4 exemplars
Le opere di Galileo Galilei (2015) 3 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Leçons sur l'Enfer de Dante (2008) 3 exemplars
Schriften, Briefe, Dokumente (2005) 3 exemplars
Prose scelte 3 exemplars
Scritti letterari 3 exemplars
Frammenti e lettere 3 exemplars
Discourse on Floating Bodies (2011) 2 exemplars
Contro il portar la toga (2009) 2 exemplars
Genius - Galileo (2006) 2 exemplars
Galileu & Newton 2 exemplars
Galilei, Galileo (1995) 2 exemplars
La prosa 2 exemplars
Le mecaniche (2002) 2 exemplars
Galileo e gli scienziati del Seicento — Autor — 2 exemplars
Ground Power #109 1 exemplars
Ground Power #105 1 exemplars
Ground Power #108 1 exemplars
Ground Power #104 1 exemplars
Mensajero de las estrellas, El (1995) 1 exemplars
Opere 1 1 exemplars
Opere 2 1 exemplars
Ground Power #129 1 exemplars
Rime 1 exemplars
Galileu 1 exemplars
Ground Power #170 1 exemplars
Ground Power #133 1 exemplars
Die 90er Jahre 1 exemplars
SIDEREUS NUNCUS 1 exemplars
Die 50er Jahre 1 exemplars
Die 60er Jahre 1 exemplars
Die 70er Jahre 1 exemplars
Die 80er Jahre 1 exemplars
Galilei [Opere di] 1 exemplars
El ensayador 1 exemplars
Ground Power #139 1 exemplars
Ground Power #161 1 exemplars
Ground Power #140 1 exemplars
Ground Power #141 1 exemplars
Ground Power #142 1 exemplars
Ground Power #153 1 exemplars
Ground Power #154 1 exemplars
Ground Power #155 1 exemplars
Ground Power #158 1 exemplars
Ground Power #174 1 exemplars
Ground Power #178 1 exemplars
Ground Power #146 1 exemplars
Ground Power #147 1 exemplars
Die spinnen, die Engländer (2013) 1 exemplars
Le rime (2001) 1 exemplars
Opere vol. 34° 1 exemplars
Discorso delle comete (2002) 1 exemplars
De motu 1 exemplars
Opere letterarie 1 exemplars
Opere vol. 2 1 exemplars
Rime 1 exemplars
Noticiero sideral 1 exemplars

Obres associades

Sobre les espatlles de gegants : les grans obres de la fisica i l'astronomia (2002) — Col·laborador — 1,209 exemplars, 7 ressenyes
The Scientific Background to Modern Philosophy: Selected Readings (1989) — Col·laborador — 157 exemplars
The World of Mathematics, Volume 2 (1956) — Col·laborador — 124 exemplars
Meeting of Minds: First Series (1978) — Subject — 57 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Cause, Experiment, and Science (1981) — Col·laborador — 35 exemplars
The Sheed and Ward Anthology of Catholic Philosophy (2005) — Col·laborador — 28 exemplars
Galileo Galilei (1977) — Associated Name — 27 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Col·laborador — 17 exemplars

Etiquetat

Coneixement comú

Nom normalitzat
Galilei, Galileo
Nom oficial
Galilei, Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de'
Altres noms
GALILEI, Galileo
Data de naixement
1564-02-15
Data de defunció
1642-01-08
Lloc d'enterrament
Church of Santa Croce, Florence, Italy
Gènere
male
Nacionalitat
Tuscany
País (per posar en el mapa)
Italy
Lloc de naixement
Pisa, Duchy of Florence
Lloc de defunció
Arcetri, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
Llocs de residència
Pisa, Italy (birth)
Padua, Italy
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Educació
Pisa University
Professions
professor(mathematics ∙ Padua University)
astronomer
mathematician
writer
author
philosopher
Relacions
Celeste, Sister Maria (daughter)
Organitzacions
University of Pisa
University of Padua
Premis i honors
Accademia dei Ricovrati
Biografia breu
How can one summarize Galileo? He asked questions no one could answer, and then invented ways to answer them himself. He was the great Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher, and the father of modern science.

Membres

Converses

Galileo Galilei a Legacy Libraries (gener 2014)

Ressenyes

Una gran edició dels Discorsi de Galileu, amb la traducció i l'original en facsímil. La introducció d'en Garcia Doncel i col·laboradors resulta imprescindible per emmarcar com cal els resultats de Galileu.
 
Marcat
Ruminahui | Jul 30, 2017 |

Llistes

Premis

Potser també t'agrada

Autors associats

Estadístiques

Obres
226
També de
9
Membres
3,430
Popularitat
#7,421
Valoració
4.0
Ressenyes
26
ISBN
198
Llengües
16
Preferit
10

Gràfics i taules