Imatge de l'autor

Blaise Pascal (1623–1662)

Autor/a de Pensaments

396+ obres 9,018 Membres 61 Ressenyes 35 preferits

Sobre l'autor

French Mathematician Blaise Pascal did much to set in motion what is known today as modern mathematics. An unusually creative mathematician, he developed a number of theorems and mathematical structures, including the beginnings of probability theory and a more sophisticated understanding of the mostra'n més geometry of conic structures. At the age of 16, Pascal wrote a brilliant paper on conics; the paper consisted of one single printed page on which he states his major theorem - the opposite sides of any hexagon inscribed in a cone intersect in a straight line. This theorem led Pascal to develop several hundred related theorems in geometry. Pascal's activities, however, were not confined to pure mathematics. When he was about 19 years old, he built a calculating machine that he demonstrated to the king of France. It worked well enough to allow him to build and sell about 50 of them over a few years' time. His work on problems in atmospheric pressure eventually resulted in an early version of the gas law. At the age of 25, Pascal entered a Jansenist monastery to begin an ascetic life of study and argument. However, he continued his mathematical work. With Pierre de Fermat, Pascal laid the foundation for the theory of probability. In 1654, Pascal's friend, the Chevelier de Mere, had asked him to analyze a problem arising from a game of chance. Pascal in turn exchanged a number of letters with Fermat about the problem. This correspondence became the starting point for a theory of probability. However, neither published the ideas developed in the correspondence. The letters did inspire one of Pascal's contemporaries, Christian Huygens of Holland, to publish in 1657 a short tract on the mathematics of games involving dice. Pascal's name is now attached to "Pascals' Triangle" of binomial coefficients which plays and important role in the study combinations and probability. The triangle was known at least 600 years before Pascal became interested in it, but because of his contributions to its study, the triangle eventually became associated with his name. A sensitive and temperamental man, Pascal was obsessed with religious philosophy, a subject on which he wrote extensively. In his general philosophy he was very much taken with the concept of the infinite, which unsettled him and inspired in him a sense of awe. Over a period of years, he wrote on many religious, philosophical, and mathematical subjects. His notes and letters were edited and published posthumously as his Pensees. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys
Crèdit de la imatge: Wikipedia


Obres de Blaise Pascal

Pensaments (1669) 4,840 exemplars
The Provincial Letters (1952) 442 exemplars
Britannica Great Books: Pascal (1670) — Autor — 345 exemplars
Thoughts ; Letters ; Minor works (1910) 276 exemplars
Pensées; The Provincial Letters (1941) 231 exemplars
Human Happiness (1670) 119 exemplars
Oeuvres complètes (1954) 80 exemplars
100 Eternal Masterpieces of Literature - volume 1 (2017) — Col·laborador — 56 exemplars
Pensées et Opuscules (1927) 50 exemplars
Oeuvres complètes (1873) — Autor — 39 exemplars
The essential Pascal (1966) 34 exemplars
Gedachten (1997) 26 exemplars
The Living Thoughts of Pascal (1940) — Autor — 26 exemplars
Pascal (1954) 24 exemplars
Pascal : Oeuvres complètes, tome 1 (1998) — Autor — 21 exemplars
Pensees: No 1 18 exemplars
Pascal : Oeuvres complètes, tome 2 (2000) — Autor — 16 exemplars
Da Arte de Persuadir (2003) 16 exemplars
Düsünceler (1932) 14 exemplars
Frammenti politici (2000) 11 exemplars
Tankar. 2 11 exemplars
Les Provinciales (2004) 10 exemplars
Größe und Elend des Menschen (1979) 8 exemplars
Pascal 7 exemplars
Provinciais, As (2016) 7 exemplars
Œuvres complètes (1964) 7 exemplars
Brev och småskrifter (2012) 7 exemplars
The works of Blaise Pascal (2013) 7 exemplars
Myšlenky : výbor (2000) 7 exemplars
Thoughts, Selections (1949) 6 exemplars
Pensaments i opuscles (2021) 5 exemplars
Oeuvres de Blaise Pascal (2012) 5 exemplars
The Wager (1995) 5 exemplars
Dusunceler (2005) 5 exemplars
Pensieri: antologia (1981) 4 exemplars
Pensamientos (2018) 4 exemplars
Pensées, tome 2 (1977) 4 exemplars
pensees, opuscules et lettres (2011) 3 exemplars
Pascal's apology for religion (1942) 3 exemplars
Die Vernunft des Herzens (2010) 3 exemplars
The Heart of Pascal (1945) 3 exemplars
Great shorter works of Pascal (1948) 3 exemplars
L'Oeuvre (2023) 3 exemplars
uvres compltes / 3 exemplars
Pensieri. Scommessa su Dio (1995) 3 exemplars
Pensieri, opuscoli, lettere (1978) 3 exemplars
パンセ (中公文庫) (1973) 2 exemplars
科学論文集 (岩波文庫) (1953) 2 exemplars
Pascal 2 exemplars
Oeuvres Completes, l'integrale (1966) 2 exemplars
Mysli (2019) 2 exemplars
Opuscoli e lettere 2 exemplars
Escritos Escogidos (2016) 2 exemplars
Pensées et opuscules (1934) 2 exemplars
Oeuvres Completes 2 exemplars
Provincianes (2023) 2 exemplars
Pascal's Thoughts (2018) 2 exemplars
L'œuvre de Pascal 2 exemplars
Oeuvres complètes, tome 2 (1992) 2 exemplars
Gedanken 2 exemplars
Risaleler (2017) 2 exemplars
Thoughts [Part II] 2 exemplars
Thoughts [Part I] 2 exemplars
Of the Geometrical Spirit (2015) 2 exemplars
Les provinciales II 2 exemplars
Pascal : Oeuvres Completes (1954) 2 exemplars
Opuscoli e lettere 2 exemplars
Pensees et opuscules (1914) 2 exemplars
Selections From Pascal (2017) 2 exemplars
Pascal 2 exemplars
Een gedachte voor elke dag (2005) 2 exemplars
[Pensieri] 1 (1996) 2 exemplars
Denken mit Blaise Pascal (2006) 1 exemplars
Pascal: Pensamentos 1 exemplars
Pascal Pens̩es 1 exemplars
De Store tænkere: Pascal (2000) 1 exemplars
Myšlenky 1 exemplars
Thoughts on Religion (2016) 1 exemplars
Opúsculos (1964) 1 exemplars
Œuvre 1 exemplars
Pensees and The Provincial Letters — Autor — 1 exemplars
Misli 1 exemplars
Cugetări (2013) 1 exemplars
LES PROVINCIALES, 2 TOMES (1962) 1 exemplars
Les Provincials (1970) 1 exemplars
Oeuvres choisies 1 exemplars
Les provinciales I 1 exemplars
The Penses / 1 exemplars
Variety 1 exemplars
Sentez 1 exemplars
Les Provinciales 1 exemplars
Pensées (liasses II à VIII) (2008) 1 exemplars
Pensieri 2 (1996) 1 exemplars
Obras (1981) 1 exemplars
Pensees - Gedanken (2016) 1 exemplars
Worte, die befreien (1985) 1 exemplars
PENSEES -Poche- -1990- (1969) 1 exemplars
Oeuvres completes 1 exemplars
[Pensieri] 2 1 exemplars
Spisi o milosti (2012) 1 exemplars
provinciales, Les (2011) 1 exemplars
Scrieri alese 1 exemplars
Opuscules philosophiques (1980) 1 exemplars
Œuvres, tome IV 1 exemplars
Œuvres, tome V 1 exemplars
Tankar : II 1 exemplars
Pascals Breve 1 exemplars
«Il faut parier» (2009) 1 exemplars
Pensées sur la justice (2011) 1 exemplars
Hairspray (2000) 1 exemplars
Js (1998) 1 exemplars
Les provinciales de Pascal. 1 (1887) 1 exemplars
Pensieri scelta 1 exemplars
Philosophie Jetzt! Pascal (1997) 1 exemplars
Tankar 1 1 exemplars
PENSEES 2 1 exemplars
Pensieri. Blaise Pascal (2009) 1 exemplars
Pascal. Choix de pensées (1965) 1 exemplars
Provinciales, i, ii, iv, xiii (1947) 1 exemplars

Obres associades

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Col·laborador — 434 exemplars
The Philosopher's Handbook: Essential Readings from Plato to Kant (2000) — Col·laborador — 200 exemplars
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algunes edicions183 exemplars
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Col·laborador — 172 exemplars
Belief: Readings on the Reason for Faith (2010) — Col·laborador — 143 exemplars
God (Hackett Readings in Philosophy) (1996) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions57 exemplars
The Sheed and Ward Anthology of Catholic Philosophy (2005) — Col·laborador — 28 exemplars
The Middle Ages to the 17th Century: Literature of the Western World (1961) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions23 exemplars
Philosophical Issues: A Contemporary Introduction (1972) — Col·laborador — 17 exemplars
Reading Philosophy of Religion (2010) — Col·laborador — 10 exemplars
Profil d'une oeuvre : Pensées, Pascal, 1670 (1973) — Col·laborador — 8 exemplars
The Analog Sea Review: Number Three (2020) — Col·laborador — 8 exemplars


Coneixement comú

Nom oficial
Pascal, Blaise
Altres noms
Montalte, Louis de
Data de naixement
Data de defunció
Lloc d'enterrament
Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, Paris, France
Lloc de naixement
Clermont-Ferrand, France
Lloc de defunció
Paris, France
Llocs de residència
Clermont-Ferrand, France
Paris, France
Rouen, France
Port-Royal Abbey, Paris, France
at home
Périer-Pascal, Gilberte (zuster)
Biografia breu
Blaise Pascal was born in Clermont-Ferrand, France. His parents were Antoinette Bégon and Étienne Pascal, a local magistrate and presiding judge of the tax court there. He had two sisters, Gilberte and Jacqueline. Their mother died in 1626, when Blaise was three, and a few years later the family moved to Paris. Étienne Pascal, also a mathematician and natural philosopher who was proficient in Latin and Greek, devoted himself to the education of his children, who all showed exceptional abilities. Although often ill and in pain, Blaise proved to be talented in mathematics and science from a young age. In 1640, at age 16. he published an essay on conic sections, Essai pour les coniques, which won praise as an important contribution to the relatively new field of projective geometry. Between 1642 and 1644, Pascal conceived and constructed a calculating device, known as the Pascaline, the world's first mechanical calculator. In 1646, Etienne fell and fractured his leg and seriously injured his hip; he received medical treatment from two brothers who were disciples of Jean du Vergier de Hauranne, abbé de Saint-Cyran and director of the abbey of Port-Royal in Paris. The abbé Saint-Cyran had introduced an austere moral and theological creed known as Jansenism and the whole Pascal family converted. Pascal became devoutly religious and his sister Jacqueline eventually became a Jansenist nun. Over the next few years, Pascal tested the theories of Galileo and of Evangelista Torricelli. In a famous experiment in 1648, he had his brother-in-law take barometric readings at various altitudes on the Puy-de-Dôme, the highest mountain in the Auvergne, so he could test Torricelli's ideas on atmospheric pressure. During this time, Pascal invented the syringe and the hydraulic press. The years 1651–1654 were another period of intense scientific work for Pascal, during which he composed treatises on the equilibrium of liquid solutions, on the weight and density of air, and on the arithmetic triangle. Together with Pierre de Fermat, he created the calculus of probabilities. Pascal had a carriage accident in November 1654 in which he narrowly escaped death, and considered this a summons to begin a new life in seclusion from the world. He entered the abbey of Port-Royal and remained there until his death at age 39 in 1662. The two works for which he is chiefly remembered, Lettres Provinciales (1657) and the Pensées (1658), date from the years of his life at Port-Royal. Pascal's contributions to science have been honored in a variety of ways. In 1972, Nicklaus Wirth named his new computer language Pascal. The Pascal (symbol Pa) is the unit of pressure designated by the International System of Units.



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