Foto de l'autor

Ruth Patrick (1) (1907–2013)

Autor/a de Groundwater contamination in the United States

Per altres autors anomenats Ruth Patrick, vegeu la pàgina de desambiguació.

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Sobre l'autor

Ruth Patrick is chairperson of the Environmental Assessment Council of the Academy of Natural Sciences. She is the author of over 140 scientific articles and the recipient of the prestigious John and Alice Tyler Award in Ecology Emily Ford is currently associated with the Academy of Natural mostra'n més Sciences John Quarles is a partner with the law firm of Morgan, Lewis and Bockius and a former deputy administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency mostra'n menys

Obres de Ruth Patrick


Coneixement comú

Nom normalitzat
Patrick, Ruth
Data de naixement
Data de defunció
Lloc de naixement
Topeka, Kansas, USA
Lloc de defunció
Lafayette Hill, Pennsylvania, USA
Llocs de residència
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Coker College (BA 1929)
University of Virginia (MA|PhD)
aquatic biologist
Reimer, Charles W. (co-author)
American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences
Premis i honors
National Medal of Science (1996)
National Academy of Sciences
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Eminent Ecologist Award (1972)
Lifetime Achievement Award, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography
National Women's Hall of Fame (2009)
Biografia breu
Ruth Patrick was born in Topeka, Kansas. Her father Frank Patrick, a banker and lawyer, was a hobbyist scientist. He often took his children for walks to collect specimens from local streams, which kindled in her a lifelong interest in nature. She graduated from the Sunset Hill School in Kansas City, Missouri and got a bachelor's degree in biology from Coker College in Hartsville, South Carolina. She then went to the University of Virginia, where she earned a master's degree in botany in 1931, followed by a PhD in 1934. She moved to Philadelphia, where in that era of the Great Depression, she worked as a volunteer at the Academy of Natural Sciences for eight years. In 1937, she began to consolidate the academy’s diatom collection, augmenting it by collecting species in the field and by acquiring species from other sources. In 1945, she was named curator of microscopy and finally put on the payroll. Dr. Patrick invented the diatometer, a device to take better samples for studying diversity in water ecology and became a pioneer in the use of biodiversity to determine a body of water's overall health. In 1966, she and fellow researcher Charles W. Reimer published the first volume of The Diatoms of the United States Exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, a now-classic two-volume series describing the taxonomy of this group of organisms. Dr. Patrick's interests expanded to include conservation. Her work with both academics and industry fostered a better understanding of pollutants and their effect on rivers, lakes, and drinking water sources. She helped to develop the guidelines for the Clean Water Act in Congress. In 1970, she explored the possibility of using tidal flats and wetlands as natural wastewater-treatment systems. This research inspired watershed-management projects around the world to include provisions for constructed wetlands. She was named a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1972, she received the Eminent Ecologist Award from the Ecological Society of America, and in 1996 she was given the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography’s Lifetime Achievement Award. That same year, she received the National Medal of Science.


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