Imatge de l'autor

Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860)

Autor/a de The Art of Always Being Right

590+ obres 12,600 Membres 122 Ressenyes 66 preferits

Sobre l'autor

Arthur Schopenhauer traveled in childhood throughout Europe and lived for a time in Goethe's Weimar, where his mother had established a salon that attracted many of Europe's leading intellectuals. As a young man, Schopenhauer studied at the University of Gottingen and in Berlin, where he attended mostra'n més the lectures of Fichte and Schleiermacher. Schopenhauer's first work was The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason (1813), followed by a treatise on the physiology of perception, On Vision and Colors (1816). When Schopenhauer wrote his principal work, The World as Will and Idea (1819), he was confident that it was a work of great importance that would soon win him fame, but in this he was badly disappointed. In 1819 he arranged to hold a series of philosophical lectures at the same time as those of the newly arrived professor Hegel, whom Schopenhauer despised (calling him, among other creative epithets, an "intellectual Caliban"). This move resulted only in further humiliation for Schopenhauer, since no one showed up to hear him. Schopenhauer continued to be frustrated in repeated attempts to achieve recognition. In 1839 and 1840 he submitted essays on freedom of the will and the foundation of morality to competitions sponsored by the Royal Danish Academy but he won no prize, even when his essay was the only entry in the competition. In 1844 he published a second volume of The World as Will and Idea, containing developments and commentaries on the first. Around 1850, toward the end of his life, Schopenhauer's philosophy began to receive belated recognition, and he died in the confidence that his long-awaited and deserved fame had finally come. Schopenhauer's philosophy exercised considerable influence in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, not only among academic philosophers but even more among artists and literati. This may be in part because, unlike his German idealist contemporaries, Schopenhauer is a lucid and even witty writer, whose style consciously owes more to Hume than to Kant. Schopenhauer's philosophy is founded on the idea that reality is Will--a single, insatiable, objectless striving that manifests itself in the world of appearance as a vast multiplicity of phenomena, engaged in an endless and painful struggle with one another. He saw the same vision in the texts of Indian religions---Vedanta and Buddhism---which he regarded as vastly superior to Western monotheism. Schopenhauer's theory of the empirical world is an idealism, in which the doctrines of Kant are identified with those of Berkeley. In aesthetic enjoyment Schopenhauer saw a form of knowledge that is higher than ordinary empirical knowledge because it is a disinterested contemplation of the forms or essences of things, rather than a cognition of causal connections between particulars driven by the will's interest in control and domination. True salvation, however, lies in an intuitive insight into the evil of willing, which in its highest manifestations is capable of completely extinguishing the will in a state of nirvana. In his perceptive development of the psychological consequences of his theory, Schopenhauer gives particular emphasis to the way in which our knowledge and behavior are insidiously manipulated by our unconscious volition; this stress, plus the central role he gives to sexuality in his theory of the will, contains much that is found later in Freud (who acknowledged that Schopenhauer had anticipated his theory of repression). Schopenhauer's main influence on twentieth-century philosophy, however, was mediated by Nietzsche, whose theory of the will to power added a poignant twist by committing itself to the affirmation of the will while still conceiving it in essentially the same way---insatiable, painful, predatory, deceptive, and subversive of rational thought---which it had been in Schopenhauer's metaphysical pessimism. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys
Crèdit de la imatge: From Wikimedia Commons


Obres de Arthur Schopenhauer

The Art of Always Being Right (1864) — Autor — 1,280 exemplars
Essays and Aphorisms (1851) 1,273 exemplars
The World as Will and Representation, Volume 1 (1819) — Autor — 1,223 exemplars
The world as will and representation (1818) — Autor — 809 exemplars
The Wisdom of Life (1851) — Autor — 578 exemplars
On The Suffering of the World (2004) 510 exemplars
Essay on the Freedom of the Will (1989) 284 exemplars
On the Basis of Morality (1903) 239 exemplars
The Philosophy of Schopenhauer (1928) 186 exemplars
L'arte di insultare (1988) 150 exemplars
The Essential Schopenhauer (1962) 139 exemplars
Studies in Pessimism (1922) 130 exemplars
On Women (1931) 97 exemplars
Essays of Schopenhauer (1902) 91 exemplars
The Art of Literature (1891) 82 exemplars
The art of knowing yourself (1992) 78 exemplars
Er is geen vrouw die deugt (1986) 73 exemplars
On the Will in Nature (1836) 73 exemplars
Complete Essays of Schopenhauer (1942) 61 exemplars
De wereld een hel (1981) 59 exemplars
Métaphysique de l'amour (1901) 54 exemplars
On Vision and Colors (1994) 43 exemplars
Kleinere Schriften (1986) 37 exemplars
Aşkın Metafiziği (1919) 36 exemplars
Pessimistin elämänviisaus (1964) 33 exemplars
De wereld deugt niet (1992) 33 exemplars
The Works of Schopenhauer (1928) 28 exemplars
Il giudizio degli altri (2004) 25 exemplars
La filosofia delle universita (1992) 23 exemplars
Kuolema ja kuolematon (1991) 22 exemplars
Über das Mitleid (2005) 21 exemplars
Parerga und Paralipomena I/1 (1975) 21 exemplars
Selections (1928) 19 exemplars
Hayatin Anlami (2007) 18 exemplars
Journal de voyage (1988) 15 exemplars
Parerga und Paralipomena I/2 (2007) 15 exemplars
Schopenhauer (1956) 14 exemplars
Esthétique et métaphysique (1999) 13 exemplars
Sur la Religion (Monde) (1996) 12 exemplars
Du néant de la vie (2004) 12 exemplars
Sulla lettura e sui libri (1914) 12 exemplars
Metaphysik der Sitten (1985) 11 exemplars
Schopenhauer (2019) 10 exemplars
Il mio Oriente (2007) 10 exemplars
Gesammelte Werke (2007) 9 exemplars
Parerga y Paralipómena (2002) 9 exemplars
L'arte di capire le donne (2014) 9 exemplars
Sämmtliche Werke (1900) 9 exemplars
Colloqui (1995) 9 exemplars
Consigli sulla felicità (2007) 9 exemplars
[Schopenhauer] (2010) 8 exemplars
Metafisica della natura (1984) 8 exemplars
Din Uzerine (2009) 7 exemplars
Aforismi (2008) 7 exemplars
Memoria sulle scienze occulte (1946) 7 exemplars
Schopenhauer für Boshafte (2006) 7 exemplars
Libertad, La (1978) 6 exemplars
O religii (2013) 6 exemplars
Bilmek ve Istemek (2012) 6 exemplars
Bilim ve Bilgelik (2014) 5 exemplars
Schopenhauer om musikken (1988) 5 exemplars
Par?bolas y aforismos (2018) 5 exemplars
ARTE DE PENSAR, EL (2019) 5 exemplars
Hukuk Ahlak ve Siyaset Uzerine (2009) 5 exemplars
Sobre o Ofício do Escritor (2003) 5 exemplars
Ethique et politique (1996) 5 exemplars
Felsefe Tarihinden Kesitler (2014) 4 exemplars
Okumaya ve okumuşlara dair (2013) 4 exemplars
Come pensare da se 4 exemplars
Ölümün anlamı (2013) 4 exemplars
Escritos literarios (1996) 4 exemplars
ARTI I TE JETUARIT — Autor — 4 exemplars
Philosophie et Science (2001) 4 exemplars
De kunst van het verleiden (2003) 4 exemplars
Ich trete die Kelter allein (1989) 4 exemplars
Notas sobre Oriente (2011) 3 exemplars
Das Gesamtwerk (2014) 3 exemplars
Schopenhauer Fur Gestresste (1998) 3 exemplars
Varolmanýn Acýsý (2016) 3 exemplars
Werke in zwei Bänden (1977) 3 exemplars
L'amore 3 exemplars
El amor y otras pasiones (1997) 3 exemplars
Metafysika lásky a hudby (1995) 3 exemplars
Levenswijsheid 3 exemplars
Lettres (Tome 2) (2017) 3 exemplars
Pandectae (2016) 3 exemplars
Arthur Schopenhauer (1987) 3 exemplars
Schopenhauer (1956) 3 exemplars
L'art de vieillir (2023) 3 exemplars
Metafisica della sessualità (1993) 3 exemplars
Morale e religione (1990) 3 exemplars
Der Briefwechsel mit Goethe (1992) 3 exemplars
Sobre la lectura y los libros (2015) 3 exemplars
Insan Dogasi Uzerine (2013) 2 exemplars
Hakli Cikma Sanati (2016) 2 exemplars
Sämtliche werke (1986) 2 exemplars
Akil Zayifligi (2017) 2 exemplars
Die Kunst, am Leben zu bleiben (2011) 2 exemplars
Religion: A Dialogue (2019) 2 exemplars
Keshilla per jeten (2003) 2 exemplars
Kunstidest (2002) 2 exemplars
Du génie (2010) 2 exemplars
Die Wahrheit kann warten (2013) 2 exemplars
The Vanity of Existence (2011) 2 exemplars
Eudemonologia 2 exemplars
Correspondance complète (1996) 2 exemplars
Eudemonologia 2 exemplars
La dottrina dell'idea (1999) 2 exemplars
Schopenhauer-Brevier (1938) 2 exemplars
Auswahl aus seinen Schriften (1962) 2 exemplars
Voyage à Bordeaux (1993) 2 exemplars
O livre-arbítrio (2012) 2 exemplars
Werke in 5 Bänden 2 exemplars
Spisovatelům a čtenářům (1995) 2 exemplars
Shopenhauer: antología (1989) 1 exemplars
O smrti i postojanju (2017) 1 exemplars
Arte del buen vivir 1 exemplars
El Ocultismo 1 exemplars
Works 1 exemplars
Haklı Çıkma Sanatı (2023) 1 exemplars
A szenvedélyes szerelemről (1989) 1 exemplars
Ölümün Anlamı 1 exemplars
Brevijar 1 exemplars
O ženama 1 exemplars
VONTADE DE AMAR, A 1 exemplars
BAZA E MORALIT 1 exemplars
Aforismos Livro 1 1 exemplars
Pesimističke misli 1 exemplars
Entretiens (1993) 1 exemplars
EUDEMONOLOGIA (2000) 1 exemplars
Dogadaki Isteme Üzerine (2021) 1 exemplars
Etica 1 exemplars
Sex, Death and Genius (1995) 1 exemplars
Metafizika lepog 1 exemplars
A sabedoria da vida (2011) 1 exemplars
Livsförelse 1 exemplars
Misère de la littérature (2010) 1 exemplars
Pensieri diversi 1 exemplars
Schopenhauer Arthur 1 exemplars
Merhamet (2007) 1 exemplars
Maximes et pensées (1998) 1 exemplars
Selected Essays (1891) 1 exemplars
L'oggetto dell'arte 1 exemplars
Le Sens du destin (1988) 1 exemplars
O geniju 1 exemplars
Un abécédaire (2004) 1 exemplars
Sul genio (2013) 1 exemplars
Livsvisdom 1 exemplars
Anni e errori 1 exemplars
Breviario 1 exemplars
Intelletto e volontà (1959) 1 exemplars
Estetica e morale (1997) 1 exemplars
Taccuino italiano 1 exemplars
Ljubov' 1 exemplars
Ils corrompent nos têtes (1991) 1 exemplars
Neue Paralipomena 1 exemplars
Att tänka själv (2006) 1 exemplars
Shopenhauer 1 exemplars
Sämtliche Werke: 5 Bänden (2004) 1 exemplars
O filosofii a filosofech (1999) 1 exemplars
Philosophie in Briefen (1989) 1 exemplars
Werke : in 1 Bd. 1 exemplars
Instinto Sexual 1 exemplars
Lettres (Tome 1) (2017) 1 exemplars
Ceļinieks : aforismi (2006) 1 exemplars
L'art de ne pas lire (1992) 1 exemplars
Världsreflexer II 1 exemplars
On the Vanity of Existence (2018) 1 exemplars
SCHOPENHAUER 1 exemplars
O kráse a umení (2007) 1 exemplars
Aklin Yolu: Toplu Eserleri 18 (2021) 1 exemplars
Sämtliche Werke 1 exemplars
ENSAYO SOBRE LAS MUJERES (2009) 1 exemplars
Schopenhauer`s Briefe. (1900) 1 exemplars
Az alap tételéről (2013) 1 exemplars
Cartas desde la obstinación (2008) 1 exemplars
101 truths about life (2014) 1 exemplars

Obres associades

The Art of Worldly Wisdom (1647) — Traductor, algunes edicions1,903 exemplars
The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Col·laborador — 437 exemplars
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions400 exemplars
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algunes edicions186 exemplars
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Col·laborador — 173 exemplars
Reading Philosophy: Selected Texts with a Method for Beginners (2002) — Col·laborador — 57 exemplars
German Essays on Music (1994) — Col·laborador — 18 exemplars
Schopenhauer (1997) — Col·laborador — 1 exemplars


Coneixement comú

Nom normalitzat
Schopenhauer, Arthur
Data de naixement
1788-02-22 (Danzig)
Data de defunció
1860-09-21 (Frankfurt am Main)
Lloc d'enterrament
1860-09-26 | Hauptfriedhof | Frankfurt am Main
Lloc de naixement
Danzig, Kingdom of Poland
Lloc de defunció
Frankfurt am Main, German Confederation
Causa de la mort
pulmonary-respiratory failure
Llocs de residència
Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Danzig, Germany (now: Poland)
Hamburg, Germany
Weimar, Germany
Dresden, Germany
Berlin, Germany
University of Göttingen, Germany (philosophy, psychology)
Schopenhauer, Johanna (mother)
Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft (Senckenberg Nature Research Society)
Biografia breu
At Schopenhauer har hatt mye å si for vitenskapen eller fagfilosofien er derimot en overdrivelse. Tre store filosofer har mottatt avgjørende impulser av ham : Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson og Ludwig Wittgenstein, ellers har fagfilosofer stort sett ignorert ham. Men forfattere og kunstnere (og en psykolog) har hele tiden funnet veien til hans verker. Samuel Beckett, Jorge Luis Borges, August Strindberg, Richard Wagner, Thomas Mann, Italo Svevo, Leo Tolstoj, Marcel Proust, Sigmund Freud: alle disse og mange andre kunstnere har lest Schopenhauer og blitt fengslet av hans pessimisme, hans opphøyning av kunst (og særlig musikk) i sitt filosofiske system, hans misogyni, hans prosa som mange har betegnet som noe av den tyske kulturhistoriens fineste. "Talent hits a target no one else can hit; genius hits a target no one else can see." -- Arthur Schopenhauer





Potser també t'agrada

Autors associats


També de

Gràfics i taules