Imatge de l'autor

Timothy Snyder (1) (1969–)

Autor/a de On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century

Per altres autors anomenats Timothy Snyder, vegeu la pàgina de desambiguació.

Timothy Snyder (1) s'ha combinat en Timothy D. Snyder.

29+ obres 8,021 Membres 268 Ressenyes 9 preferits

Sobre l'autor

Crèdit de la imatge: Wikipedia

Obres de Timothy Snyder

Les obres s'han combinat en Timothy D. Snyder.

Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin (2010) — Autor — 2,000 exemplars
Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning (2015) — Autor — 829 exemplars
The Road to Unfreedom: Russia, Europe, America (2018) — Autor — 765 exemplars
Pensar el segle XX (2012) — Collaboration — 582 exemplars

Obres associades

Les obres s'han combinat en Timothy D. Snyder.

Jewish Jocks: An Unorthodox Hall of Fame (2012) — Col·laborador — 53 exemplars
Le Débat (2000) — Col·laborador — 2 exemplars


Coneixement comú

Altres noms
Snyder, Timothy David (birth name)
Data de naixement
Lloc de naixement
Ohio, Etats-Unis
Oxford University (D.Phil.|1995)
Brown University (BA|1991)
university professor
Shore, Marci (wife)
Jedlicki, Jerzy (Directeur de thèse)
Simons Jr, Thomas W. (teacher)
Gluck, Mary (teacher)
Garton Ash, Timothy (DPhil adviser)
Yale University (2001)
Premis i honors
Marshall Scholar (1991-1994)
Biografia breu
Timothy D. Snyder was born in the Midwest and received his Bachelor of Arts in European history and political science from Brown University. He then became a British Marshall Scholar at Oxford University, where he completed his doctorate in 1997.

He has held fellowships at the Centre Nationale des Recherches Scientifiques, Paris (1994-1995); the Harvard University’s Olin Institute for Strategic Studies (1997); served as an Academy Scholar at Harvard’s Center for International Affairs (1998-2001); and has held multiple fellowships at the Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen in Vienna.

At Yale, he teaches undergraduate and graduate level courses in modern eastern European political history and graduate seminars on the Holocaust, on Eastern European history as global history, and on the dynamics of international crisis in European political history. Among his numerous publications are six single-authored award-winning books: Nationalism, Marxism, and Modern Central Europe: A Biography of Kazimierz Kelles-Krauz (1998); The Reconstruction of Nations: Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, 1659-1999 (2003); Sketches from a Secret War: A Polish Artist’s Mission to Liberate Soviet Ukraine (2005); The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke (2008); and Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin (2010). In 2017 he published On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century.

Snyder's Yale University course on 'The Making of Modern Ukraine', filmed in 2022 over 23 classes and made available to the public as a response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, is available on YouTube.



On Tyranny graphic edition a Combiners! (gener 2022)


(Waffling between 1 and 2 stars; I'm not feeling very charitable right now.)

We've located the storied Radical Centrist, and as we always suspected, he’s a gray-haired white man. On Tyranny’s spare design and short chapters give the book an air of weight, timelessness, and wisdom that is not borne out by the muddled and milquetoast contents. This book is a quick read, but Snyder's arguments are weak and wandering, and I'm not sure who the target audience is supposed to be.

1. Do not obey in advance.

The examples do not support Snyder's thesis. Who is obeying in advance in these stories?
- The Austrian Nazis who brutalized Jews
- The Austrians who “watched them with amusement”
- The Austrian Jews who committed suicide before they could be killed
- The Nazis who invented new ways to kill people on a mass scale
- The Milgram experimental subjects who would electrocute people on demand

The Nazis in the first and fourth examples weren't "obeying" Hitler; they had a set of beliefs that led them to the conclusion that they should commit mass murder. (As if Hitler was the sole source of the hatred, and everyone else was just guilty of going along with it?)

You could make an argument that the gentiles in the second example and Milgram's experiment were "obeying" social norms that prevented them from interfering, but it's strange to call it "obeying in advance." It'd be more relevant to say "don't obey unjust orders," but that's covered more thoroughly in points #5 and #7.

I'm honestly uncertain whether Snyder meant to imply that Jews who killed themselves were "obeying in advance," which is a major failure of writing. I'm torn, because it could be an interesting discussion, but not without a serious acknowledgment of the ways in which it's victim blaming. Either way, you can't just toss that assertion on the page without comment, as Snyder does.

5. Remember professional ethics

Glaring, inexcusable failure to note that the very direct modern equivalent of I.G. Farben taking advantage of slave labor from people imprisoned in ghettos and work camps is Whole Foods, WalMart, BP, AT&T, and other large corporations profiting from mass incarceration, which itself stems from social inequality and the racist prosecution of the War on Drugs.[1][2]

This is especially egregious because he mentions private prisons in #6.


8. Stand out.

This I do agree with, to a point. I recently confronted the ED of the NPI (US white supremacist think tank) at my college's networking event. He tried to shake my hand and pretend everything was normal, and I refused to shake his hand, told him off, pointedly excluded him in conversation, and made sure to tell everyone else at the event that he was a neonazi. About half the attendees didn't know who he was, but the other half responded "I know! I can't believe they let him come!" and had apparently not wanted to confront him or discuss it. Others tried to dissuade me from “making a scene” and spirited away the flyers I brought summarizing his beliefs.

The invocation of Rosa Parks without the context of the enormous and carefully organized Montgomery bus boycott[1] is eyerollingly typical, and the canonization of Churchill is straight up bizarre.


9. Be kind to our language.

It takes an old white man to make a reading list for resistance that is 87.5% male and 100% white, and half of which was published before 1980.

10. Believe in truth.

The story behind [b:Rhinocéros|27736|Rhinocéros|Eugène Ionesco||6499581] is a fabulous argument against the kind of moderation the author espouses. If one good thing came of this book, it's that I'm adding the play to my reading list.

University professors, students, intellectuals were turning Nazi, becoming Iron Guards, one after the other. At the beginning, certainly they were not Nazis. About fifteen of us would get together to talk and to try to find arguments opposing theirs. It was not easy. ... From time to time, one of our friends said: "I don't agree with them, to be sure, but on certain points, nevertheless, I must admit, for example, the Jews...," etc. And this was a symptom. Three weeks later, this person would become a Nazi. He was caught in the mechanism, he accepted everything, he became a rhinoceros. Towards the end, only three or four of us were still resisting.

12. Make eye contact and small talk.

One of the more original points in the book; it could probably use more than a page of discussion.

14. Establish a private life.

When I got to this passage on p. 90 I kind of lost it:

“(It is striking that news media are much worse at this than, say, fashion or sports reporters. Fashion reporters know that models are taking off their clothes in the changing rooms, and sports reporters know that athletes shower in the locker room, but neither allow private matters to supplant the public story they are supposed to be covering.)”

This is an outrageous false equivalence in a world where the sports pages didn’t regularly hold the NFL accountable in the CTE story [1] or cover the abuse that Larry Nasser inflicted on at least 150 gymnasts [2], and fashion magazines don’t cover the abuse of garment workers in third-world countries. By this logic, we are supposed to interrogate everything, but also take politics at face value and not investigate deeper into the issues that representatives would rather we don’t hear about.


19. Be a patriot.

This one is a great illustration of why leftists need to stop trying to reclaim patriotism. For one, if you’re going to try, you need to do more work on the definition than “patriotism is not nationalism because nationalism is evil and patriotism is apple pie.”

For another, you might find yourself starting an essay with the assertion “It is not patriotic to dodge the draft,” which I’m sure Snyder would think is a ridiculous statement in any context except “attack Trump without actually naming him.”


This was one of the more interesting sections, and had some decent points. Which still could have used much more explication and analysis.
… (més)
caedocyon | Hi ha 121 ressenyes més | Feb 23, 2024 |
This still ranks as one of the greatest works of scholarship I have ever read.
MylesKesten | Hi ha 68 ressenyes més | Jan 23, 2024 |
Cuando se habla de los muertos en la segunda guerra mundial, siempre pensamos en los campos de concentración alemanes. Siempre pensé que era donde más seres humanos habían muerto. Pero no, he estado equivocada durante años.

Las "tierras de sangre" son todas aquellas zonas, países o parte de países, entre Alemania y la URSS, donde Stalin y Hitler decidieron que les sobraban gente. Regaron de sangre esas tierras, desde mucho antes de empezar la guerra y mucho después de terminar.

Mucho antes de empezar la 2° guerra mundial, por 1931 Stalin empezó sus "matanzas". Su idea de modernizar el país pasaba por hacer desaparecer a los trabajadores del campo y en especial a los ucranianos. Pero no únicamente a ellos, polacos y rusos también cayeron con el hambre que provocó. Recogió las cosechas y el grano que se usaba para la siembra siguiente. Dejo que murieran de hambre sin ningún cargo de conciencia. Todo con vistas, o la escusa, de una industrialización del país.

Y así empieza el libro, en ese año y contándote las políticas de ambos líderes políticos.

Cuando más leo sobre este periodo de la historia, más me doy cuenta de lo que desconozco.

Lo recomiendo a todo aquel que disfrute de este periodo de la historia y quiera conocer un poco más.

Lo que hicieron con Polonia y con Ucrania me parece demencial. Y ya no solo por Stalin y Hitler, me refiero al resto del mundo, miro hacia otro lado y los dejaron hacer. Tan criminal fue la acción de asesinar a tantos seres humanos, como la inacción por parte del resto.

Saber, más o menos, la cantidad de personas que murieron en esta zona, durante esos años (y después de 1945), que superan con mucho los asesinados en los campos de concentración, más los militares que murieron luchando de todos los países, indica que son cifras inimaginables.

Tanto Hitler, como Stalin ñ, tenían fijación con eliminar a los judíos. Pero no asesinaron judíos. Estás tierras regadas con tanta sangre, eran de civiles masacrados por ambos bandos y en muchas ocasiones, ayudados por vecinos de las víctimas.

Muy interesante, nada pesado.
… (més)
Akasha88 | Hi ha 68 ressenyes més | Jan 14, 2024 |
In suffering contrasts, in deprivation we truly recognize what is responsible freedom, when we lose love, we know what was love, when we lose liberty and fairness, svoboda of choice, chance and Will, then we recognize the iron grip of unfreedom. A new battleground for hearts and minds, unity, trust and cooperation. And as Sufis once called jihad the "inner battle of heart for goodness" so neoplatonics seen Gigantomachy of the soul in inner warfare of people. Dont let them sell the remnants of beautiful ideas to the thieves of Reality, words, symbols in an ongoing substitution of the humane for the corrupt and ugly.… (més)
Saturnin.Ksawery | Hi ha 16 ressenyes més | Jan 12, 2024 |



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