Imatge de l'autor

Baruch Spinoza (1632–1677)

Autor/a de Ethics

272+ obres 8,658 Membres 90 Ressenyes 57 preferits

Sobre l'autor

Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the son of Portuguese Jewish refugees who had fled from the persecution of the Spanish Inquisition. Although reared in the Jewish community, he rebelled against its religious views and practices, and in 1656 was formally excommunicated from the mostra'n més Portuguese-Spanish Synagogue of Amsterdam and was thus effectively cast out of the Jewish world. He joined a group of nonconfessional Christians (although he never became a Christian), the Collegiants, who professed no creeds or practices but shared a spiritual brotherhood. He was also apparently involved with the Quaker mission in Amsterdam. Spinoza eventually settled in The Hague, where he lived quietly, studying philosophy, science, and theology, discussing his ideas with a small circle of independent thinkers, and earning his living as a lens grinder. He corresponded with some of the leading philosophers and scientists of his time and was visited by Leibniz and many others. He is said to have refused offers to teach at Heidelberg or to be court philosopher for the Prince of Conde. During his lifetime he published only two works, The Principles of Descartes' Philosophy (1666) and the Theological Political Tractatus (1670). In the first his own theory began to emerge as the consistent consequence of that of Descartes (see also Vol. 5). In the second, he gave his reasons for rejecting the claims of religious knowledge and elaborated his theory of the independence of the state from all religious factions. After his death (probably caused by consumption resulting from glass dust), his major work, the Ethics, appeared in his Opera Posthuma, and presented the full metaphysical basis of his pantheistic view. Spinoza's influence on the Enlightenment, on the Romantic Age, and on modern secularism has been tremendous. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys

Inclou aquests noms: Spinoza, B Spinoza, de Spinoza, スピノザ, Spinoza/elwes, B. de Spinoza, Baruj Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Espinosa, Bento de Spinoza, Benedikt Spinoza, Bento De Spinoza, Benedict Spinoza, Benedykt Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedetto Spinoza, Baruch de Spinoza, Bento De Espinosa, Baruch de Spinoza, Benedikts Spinoza, Baruch de Espinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedictus Spinoza, Baruch de Espinosa, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedikt de Spinoza, Benedict de Spinoza, Benedicti De Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedicti de Spinoza, Benedictus de Spinosa, Benedict de] [Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza, Benedictus von Spinoza, Bénédicte de Spinoza, ברוך שפינוזה, Benedikt von von Spinoza, R. H. W. (Spinoza) Elwes, Baruch Benedictus Spinoza, Benedictus Baruch Spinoza, Spinoza; Joseph Ratner (Ed), Benedictus (Baruch) d Spinoza, Бенедикт Спиноза, バルーフ・デ スピノザ, James ed Benedict de) Gutmann Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza (Benedictus de Spinoza), intro-Joseph Ratner, Baruch de Spinoza, James ed Gutmann Spinoza (Benedict de), Benedictus De Spinoza (Benedict Spinoza), R. H. M. (Translator); Benedict Spinoza Elwes, R H M (translator) De Benedict; Elwes Spinoza, R. H. M. (translator) Benedict de; Elwes Spinoza, Joseph (editor B.; Ratner Spinoza, introduction), Benedictus De Spinoza Translated By Andrew Boyle, and Elwes Benedict Spinoza, R. H. M. (Translated, A. (translation); Santayana Baruch; Boyle Spinoza, Benedictus De Spinoza; Translator And Introduction, Benedict De Spinoza; Translator R.H.M. Elwes; Intr, Spinoza; translated by A. Boyle; introduction by G

Inclou també: Espinosa (1)

Crèdit de la imatge: From Wikipedia


Obres de Baruch Spinoza

Ethics (1677) 2,996 exemplars, 41 ressenyes
Theological-Political Treatise (1670) 1,025 exemplars, 12 ressenyes
A Spinoza Reader: The Ethics and Other Works (1994) 322 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Spinoza: Complete Works (1955) 253 exemplars
The Philosophy of Spinoza (Ratner selection) (1927) 202 exemplars, 1 ressenya
On the Improvement of the Understanding (1677) 180 exemplars, 4 ressenyes
Political Treatise (1675) 127 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
Spinoza Selections (1930) 104 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Briefwisseling (1925) 102 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Philosophy of Benedict de Spinoza (1927) 100 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
The Ethics and Selected Letters (1982) — Autor — 76 exemplars
Chief works (1951) 56 exemplars
A Short Treatise on God, Man and His Well-Being (1978) 45 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Traité politique ; Lettres (1966) 26 exemplars
Korte geschriften (1982) 19 exemplars
De draagbare Spinoza (1992) 15 exemplars
Spinoza 14 exemplars
Spinoza (1996) 14 exemplars
De uitgelezen Spinoza (1999) 13 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Book of God (1958) 13 exemplars
Hoofdstukken uit De politieke verhandeling (1985) 12 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Letters to friend and foe (1966) 11 exemplars
Os Pensadores - Espinosa (1997) 10 exemplars
Reflections and Maxims (1965) 10 exemplars
La libertà di pensiero (2007) 8 exemplars
Obras completas (1966) 8 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Éthique (2021) 6 exemplars
Staatkundige verhandeling (2014) 6 exemplars, 1 ressenya
De Dios (Ética) (2007) 5 exemplars
Traktaty. Etyka 4 exemplars
Pisma wczesne (2009) 4 exemplars
Traktaty (2000) 3 exemplars
De la droite manière de vivre (2016) 3 exemplars
Antología (1986) 3 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Spinoza (2000) 3 exemplars
La superstizione 3 exemplars
Spinoza 2 exemplars
Ifjúkori művek (1956) 2 exemplars
איגרות 2 exemplars
Etica: passi scelti 2 exemplars
Spinoza I: Etica 2 exemplars
Tratado político (2023) 2 exemplars
Spinoza (1996) 2 exemplars
Dio 2 exemplars
国家論 (岩波文庫) (1976) 2 exemplars
Ethica / druk 7 (2015) 2 exemplars
Spinoza de Brieven over God (2016) 2 exemplars
اخلاق 1 exemplars
Conoscenza e liberta (1994) 1 exemplars
tica 1 exemplars
L'Etica 1 exemplars
The Rationalists 1 exemplars
Sämmtliche Werke 1 exemplars
Opera. 2 Bände: Werke 1 und 2 (2011) 1 exemplars
Politiek traktaat 1 exemplars
Sense títol 1 exemplars
Philosophie et politique (1985) 1 exemplars
Spinoza on Freedom of Thought; (2021) 1 exemplars
Oeuvres 3. Éthique 1 exemplars
Oeuvres completes 1 exemplars
מאמר מדיני (1982) 1 exemplars
Spinoza 1 exemplars
Tratado pol©Ưtico 1 exemplars
Törebilim (2020) 1 exemplars
Espinosa 1 exemplars
Éthique (2023) 1 exemplars
Tom. 3-4 1 exemplars
Spinoza [opere di] 1 exemplars
Tom. 1-2 1 exemplars
Spinoza (1998) 1 exemplars
Selected Letters 1 exemplars
Tanribilimsel Politik Inceleme (2008) 1 exemplars
Opere scelte 1 exemplars
Kisa Inceleme (2015) 1 exemplars

Obres associades

The European Philosophers from Descartes to Nietzsche (1960) — Col·laborador — 442 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
Western Philosophy: An Anthology (1996) — Autor, algunes edicions193 exemplars
Atheism: A Reader (2000) — Col·laborador — 185 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
Man and Spirit: The Speculative Philosophers (1947) — Col·laborador — 173 exemplars, 1 ressenya
A Golden Treasure of Jewish Literature (1937) — Col·laborador — 76 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Materialism and the mind-body problem (1971) — Col·laborador — 70 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Classics of Modern Political Theory : Machiavelli to Mill (1996) — Col·laborador — 49 exemplars
Britannica Great Books: Bacon, Descartes, Spinoza (1990) — Col·laborador — 22 exemplars
The liberal tradition in European thought (1971) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions17 exemplars


Coneixement comú

Nom normalitzat
Spinoza, Baruch
Nom oficial
Espinosa, Baruch
Spinosa, Bento de
Altres noms
Spinoza, Benedictus de
Spinoza, Baruch de
Data de naixement
Data de defunció
Lloc d'enterrament
Cemetery of the New Church on the Spui, The Hague, Netherlands
Lloc de naixement
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
Lloc de defunció
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Llocs de residència
Amsterdam, Holland, Dutch Republic
The Hague, Holland, Dutch Republic
Rijnsburg, Netherlands
Pereira yeshibah, Amsterdam, Netherlands
lens grinder
Biografia breu
Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, to a Sephardic Jewish family whose recent ancestors had been expelled from or fled Spain and Portugal. He received a thorough education, including the study of medieval philosophy as well as the works of Descartes, Hobbes, and other contemporaries. He became a key philosopher and writer laying the groundwork for the Enlightenment, though the importance of his work was not fully realized until many years after his death.
Based on his radical views, the Jewish religious authorities in Amsterdam banned him from their society at age 23. Around this time, he adopted the Latin form of his name, Benedictus de Spinoza. He made a living grinding optical lenses, and continued his scholarly writing. He died in 1677 at age 44, allegedly of a lung illness, perhaps caused by the dust inhaled during his work. Of his writings, only A Treatise on Religious and Political Philosophy (1670) was published during his lifetime. His books Ethics, Political Treatise, and Hebrew Grammar appeared posthumously in 1677.



Mini flash-mob for Spinoza's Library a Legacy Libraries (octubre 2012)
I believe in the God of Spinoza Albert Einstein a Philosophy and Theory (agost 2009)




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