Imatge de l'autor

Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

Autor/a de Walden o la vida als boscos

553+ obres 43,203 Membres 457 Ressenyes 188 preferits
Hi ha 1 un debat obert sobre aquest autor. Mira'l ara.

Sobre l'autor

In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is mostra'n més as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys

Obres de Henry David Thoreau

Walden o la vida als boscos (1854) — Autor — 14,172 exemplars
Walden / Civil Disobedience (1849) 7,728 exemplars
Civil Disobedience and Other Essays (1849) 1,780 exemplars
La desobediència civil (1849) 1,595 exemplars
Walden and Other Writings (1854) 1,495 exemplars
Walking (1862) 912 exemplars
The Portable Thoreau (1947) 855 exemplars
Cape Cod (1865) 778 exemplars
The Maine Woods (1950) 766 exemplars
Walden and other writings (1993) 749 exemplars
Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition (1854) 644 exemplars
Thoreau: On Man and Nature (1960) 417 exemplars
Collected Essays and Poems (2001) 354 exemplars
Walden and Other Writings (1937) 326 exemplars
The Journal, 1837–1861 (2001) 317 exemplars
The Heart of Thoreau's Journals (1927) 203 exemplars
The Natural History Essays (1980) 143 exemplars
Letters to a Spiritual Seeker (2004) 143 exemplars
Reflections at Walden (1968) 141 exemplars
Henry David's House (2002) 137 exemplars
Walden and Other Writings (1981) 135 exemplars
Excursions (1863) 133 exemplars
Works of Henry David Thoreau (1981) 110 exemplars
Civil Disobedience / Reading (1995) — Autor — 95 exemplars
Life Without Principle (1863) 75 exemplars
Wild Apples (1923) 63 exemplars
Autumnal Tints (1900) 61 exemplars
Thoreau on Birds (1964) 56 exemplars
Men of Concord (1936) 53 exemplars
Walden (1990) 50 exemplars
Canoeing in the Wilderness (1864) 48 exemplars
Friendship and Other Essays (1920) 44 exemplars
Thoughts from Walden Pond (1998) 43 exemplars
The Illuminated Walden (1714) 40 exemplars
A Yankee in Canada (1866) 35 exemplars
Thoreau in the Mountains (1982) 34 exemplars
Thoreau's animals (2017) 34 exemplars
Thoreau's Wildflowers (2016) 33 exemplars
The Quotable Thoreau (2011) 32 exemplars
Material Faith: Thoreau on Science (1999) — Autor — 31 exemplars
A Plea for Captain John Brown (1969) 30 exemplars
Thoreau: Political Writings (1996) 26 exemplars
The River (1963) 25 exemplars
Un paseo invernal (2014) 24 exemplars
Thoreau: The Major Essays (1972) 19 exemplars
Summer (2017) 16 exemplars
Ktaadn (1848) 16 exemplars
Essays, journals, and poems (1975) 15 exemplars
A Year in the Woods (2017) 13 exemplars
Letters to various persons (1865) 12 exemplars
Friendship (1900) 11 exemplars
Slavery in Massachusetts (2008) 10 exemplars
Le paradis à (re)conquérir (2005) 9 exemplars
Walden and Other Writings (2010) 9 exemplars
The Works of Thoreau (1946) 8 exemplars
Musketaquid (2014) 8 exemplars
A Winter Walk (1843) 7 exemplars
Journal, Volume 3 (1992) 7 exemplars
Anti-Slavery and Reform Papers (2010) 7 exemplars
Henry David Thoreau Selected Writings (1958) — Autor — 6 exemplars
Ascoltare gli alberi (2018) 5 exemplars
Volar : apuntes sobre aves (2016) 5 exemplars
Journal, Volume 5 (1997) 5 exemplars
Lob der Wildnis (2013) 5 exemplars
Randonnée au mont Wachusett (2018) 5 exemplars
Thoreau's New England (2007) 5 exemplars
Walden and Selected Essays (1992) 4 exemplars
Voisins animaux (2020) 4 exemplars
Diarios. Breve antología. (2002) 4 exemplars
El Diario - Volumen Ii (2017) 4 exemplars
Through the Year with Thoreau (1917) 4 exemplars
Journal, Volume 6 (2000) 4 exemplars
Sivil Itaatsizlik (2015) 3 exemplars
El gran invierno (2021) 3 exemplars
Sept Jours sur le fleuve (2012) 3 exemplars
Pensées sauvages (2017) 3 exemplars
Til naturen (2017) 3 exemplars
Sir Walter Raleigh (2007) 3 exemplars
American Fields and Forests (1909) 3 exemplars
Poemas (2018) 3 exemplars
Primavera 3 exemplars
Nature and Walking (2011) 3 exemplars
Poems of Nature 3 exemplars
Thoreau on writing (1989) 3 exemplars
Leben aus den Wurzeln. (1992) 3 exemplars
Les pommes sauvages (2009) 2 exemplars
Pensoj el Valdeno 2 exemplars
Vida salvaje, La (2016) 2 exemplars
The New Walden 2 exemplars
Histoire de moi-même (2017) 2 exemplars
The service (2021) 2 exemplars
An Excursion to Canada (2012) 2 exemplars
Friendship, Love and Marriage (2010) 2 exemplars
Journal, 1837-1852 (2002) 2 exemplars
Night and Moonlight (2013) 2 exemplars
Tagebuch I (German Edition) (2015) 2 exemplars
Journal 1844-1846 (2014) 2 exemplars
Essais (2007) 2 exemplars
The Angle of Dazzle 2 exemplars
Un monde plus large (2021) 2 exemplars
WALDEN And Other Stories (1937) 2 exemplars
Kolme matkaa erämaahan (2014) 2 exemplars
Toulky přírodou (2010) 2 exemplars
Nature Walking 1 exemplars
Walden 1 exemplars
Yaban Elmasi (2021) 1 exemplars
POETICAS DEL CAMINAR (2023) 1 exemplars
Deník (2020) 1 exemplars
Shoe-strings 1 exemplars
Opere scelte 1 exemplars
Spring 1 exemplars
Week of the Concord 1 exemplars
Verano 1 exemplars
Thoreau Tolstoy 1 exemplars
ソロー 博物誌 1 exemplars
Gens de Concord 1 exemplars
Mosbindja Civile 1 exemplars
Otoño 1 exemplars
Invierno 1 exemplars
Passejades (2000) 1 exemplars
The Landlord (2015) 1 exemplars
Sense títol 1 exemplars
Selected writings 1 exemplars
La nuit et le clair de lune (2003) 1 exemplars
Huckleberries (1970) 1 exemplars
The Writings VI (2016) 1 exemplars
Cape Cod & the Maine Woods (2003) 1 exemplars
Cape Cod, vol. 1 1 exemplars
The Essential Thoreau (2008) 1 exemplars
Aus den Tagebüchern 1837-1861 (1996) 1 exemplars
The moon (1985) 1 exemplars
Thoreau's Thumbnail Walden (2000) 1 exemplars
Thoreau's Journals — Autor — 1 exemplars
Desobeir 1 exemplars
On walking (Little blue book) (1924) 1 exemplars
Walden, Volume 2 (2010) 1 exemplars
Las manzanas silvestres (2014) 1 exemplars
Yürümek (2013) 1 exemplars
Coratge cívic 1 exemplars
Walden Ya Da Ormanda Yasam (2018) 1 exemplars
Woodshed 1 exemplars
Summer (misfiled) 1 exemplars
Sivil Itaatsizlik - Yürümek (2014) 1 exemplars
Ekonomik Itaatsizlik (2016) 1 exemplars
“Sic Vita” 1 exemplars
Kring Bellman 1 exemplars
Une Année dans les bois (2017) 1 exemplars
An Ideal 1 exemplars
In Praise of Walking (2018) 1 exemplars
H.D. THOREAU / G. MANNA - WALD (2017) 1 exemplars
Tagebuch III (2018) 1 exemplars
On Water 1 exemplars
Still Deep & Sweet 1 exemplars
Survey of a Swamp 1 exemplars
On Land 1 exemplars
A Vida nos Bosques 1 exemplars

Obres associades

The Art of the Personal Essay (1994) — Col·laborador — 1,383 exemplars
American Bloomsbury (2006) — Featured Artist — 653 exemplars
Essays: English and American (1910) — Col·laborador — 600 exemplars
The Assassin's Cloak: An Anthology of the World's Greatest Diarists (2000) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions554 exemplars
American Earth: Environmental Writing Since Thoreau (2008) — Col·laborador — 416 exemplars
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (1992) — Col·laborador — 393 exemplars
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Col·laborador — 281 exemplars
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (1990) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions256 exemplars
Social and Political Philosophy: Readings From Plato to Gandhi (1963) — Col·laborador — 251 exemplars
The Literary Cat (1977) — Col·laborador — 241 exemplars
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (1983) — Col·laborador — 237 exemplars
The American transcendentalists, their prose and poetry (1957) — Col·laborador — 191 exemplars
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (2006) — Col·laborador — 163 exemplars
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Col·laborador — 159 exemplars
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Col·laborador — 129 exemplars
The Anarchist Reader (1977) — Autor, algunes edicions125 exemplars
American Antislavery Writings: Colonial Beginnings to Emancipation (2012) — Col·laborador — 122 exemplars
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (1932) — Col·laborador — 116 exemplars
The Anarchists (1964) — Col·laborador — 112 exemplars
Winter: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (1986) — Col·laborador — 104 exemplars
War No More: Three Centuries of American Antiwar and Peace Writing (2016) — Col·laborador — 87 exemplars
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Col·laborador — 68 exemplars
American Sonnets: An Anthology (2007) — Col·laborador — 66 exemplars
Selected Writings of the American Transcendentalists (1966) — Col·laborador — 63 exemplars
Civil Disobedience: Theory and Practice (1969) — Col·laborador — 61 exemplars
The Red Thread: Twenty Years of NYRB Classics: A Selection (2019) — Col·laborador — 58 exemplars
Autumn: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (2004) — Col·laborador — 58 exemplars
The Range of Philosophy: Introductory Readings (1964) — Col·laborador — 53 exemplars
Writing Politics: An Anthology (2020) — Col·laborador — 36 exemplars
The Book of the Sea (1954) — Col·laborador — 36 exemplars
The Signet Book of American Essays (2006) — Col·laborador — 36 exemplars
In Search of the Simple Life: American Voices, Past and Present (1986) — Col·laborador — 34 exemplars
The Seas of God: Great Stories of the Human Spirit (1944) — Col·laborador — 25 exemplars
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (1973) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions25 exemplars
Classic Essays in English (1961) — Col·laborador — 22 exemplars
The Penguin Book of the Ocean (2010) — Col·laborador — 20 exemplars
Masquerade: Queer Poetry in America to the End of World War II (2004) — Col·laborador — 19 exemplars
Constructing Nature: Readings from the American Experience (1996) — Col·laborador — 17 exemplars
Son of Man: Great Writing About Jesus Christ (2002) — Col·laborador — 17 exemplars
Fairy Poems (2023) — Col·laborador — 16 exemplars
Favorite Animal Stories (1987) — Col·laborador — 13 exemplars
Trees: A Celebration (1989) — Col·laborador — 13 exemplars
Christmas Classics: Stories for the Whole Family (2006) — Col·laborador — 12 exemplars
Great Short Works of the American Renaissance (1967) — Col·laborador — 10 exemplars
Suspense: A Treasury for Young Adults (1966) — Col·laborador — 6 exemplars
The Bitch-Goddess Success: Variations on an American Theme (1968) — Col·laborador — 6 exemplars
America's Great Wilderness (1976) — Col·laborador — 5 exemplars
The Analog Sea Review: Number Four (2022) — Col·laborador — 4 exemplars
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Col·laborador — 3 exemplars
A Reader for Writers — Col·laborador — 2 exemplars

Etiquetat

Coneixement comú

Nom oficial
Thoreau, David Henry
Data de naixement
1817-07-12
Data de defunció
1862-05-06
Lloc d'enterrament
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Gènere
male
Nacionalitat
USA
Lloc de naixement
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Lloc de defunció
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Llocs de residència
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
New York, New York, USA
Educació
Harvard College (AB|1837)
Professions
teacher
writer
essayist
poet
philosopher
inventor (mostra-les totes 7)
pencil maker
Relacions
Emerson, Ralph Waldo (friend)
Alcott, Louisa May (student)
Fuller, Margaret (friend)
Jackson, Lidian (friend)
Organitzacions
Underground Railroad
Huckleberry Party
Transcendentalism
Biografia breu
Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."

Membres

Converses

Walden by Henry David Thoreau – STEEL 2022 a Fine Press Forum (març 23)
Walden a Book talk (novembre 2017)
1001 Group Read, June, 2012: Walden a 1001 Books to read before you die (juliol 2014)

Ressenyes

He iniciat la lectura d'aquest llibre per suggerència de la Clara Gríful, de la Caníbal, a través del cub de lectura de la biblioteca del Clot. Ella, amb la seva voluntat crítica i anti-sistema, m'ha descobert un autor que resulta ser, potser, un dels primers anti-sistema occidentals de la història. Aboga per una vida senzilla, lluny de les necessitats creades per la societat consumista (roba, accessoris per a la llar, mobiliari...).
A la primera part del llibre fa un esforç per a defensar aquesta vida senzilla. "Senzillesa, senzillesa, senzillesa! Dic jo, tingueu dos o tres afers i no pas cent o mil; en comptes d'un milió compteu-ne mitja dotzena i porteu els compes a lungla del dit gros. Enmig d'aquest mar esvalotat que és la vida civilitzada [...] Simplifiqueu, simplifiqueu." Aboga per una vida centrada en allò essencial. Explica amb detall aspectes pràctics de la seva vida ascètica a la cabana (des de la comptabiltat de la construcció de la cabana a la comptabilitat de l'hort, les hores dedicades al treball i al lleure, o l'enumeració del mobiliari i utensilis necessaris).
Però el llibre també és un redescobriment de la natura. Posa en valor el silenci i les sensacions de la vida al bosc (el pas de l'aire, el canvi de la la llum i l'aspecte del llac Walden al llarg del dia i de les estacions), així com la dinàmica de l'ecosistema: quins animals veu (aus, esquirols, ratolins, peixos...) o deixen rastre prop de la seva cabana. Parla de la importància de l'energia del sol per a fer créixer les plantes, els boscos, i fer funcionar l'ecosistema (no hi diu amb aquestes paraules!), i palra de l'imporància del cicle de l'aigua...
És potser el primer text que documenta i posa en valor aquest entorn natural, que durant segles havia estat el negatiu de la vida urbana, civilitzada, el caos habitat per bèsties salvatges i perilloses... En aquest sentit, potser es pot considerar també el primer text ecologista. Confirma que, en aquest sentit, el sentit comú agermana l'economia amb l'ecologia.
L' obra escrita fa més de 150 anys, i en alguns passatges el llenguatge es fa una mica pesat per a nosaltres, però algunes pàgines tenen fragments soprenents, evocatius, plens d'emoció. Fragments per a subratllar, per a tenir ben presents. Un cop més, com m'ha passat amb d'altres llibres del club de lectura, me'n compraré una exemplar per a subratllar, ja que tinc l'exemplar de la biblioteca ple de post-its per a marcar-ne les pàgines memorables.
… (més)
 
Marcat
Ignasi_Bonet | Hi ha 192 ressenyes més | Aug 3, 2020 |
És una lectura revolucionària que planteja dubtes molt interessants a la societat de consum en què vivim actualment.
És un experiment vital interessant que ajuda a reflexionar sobre allò que necessitem per viure, allò que realment ens fa falta, que és molt poca cosa si es compara amb allò que és superflu.
M'interessa com a base inicial de reflexió sobre les necessitats de l'individu, però l'experiència grinyola perquè falta completar aquest experiment en comunitat, no de manera tan individualista com ho planteja l'autor.
Potser en obres posteriors el mateix autor reflexiona sobre l'aplicació d'aquesta teoria en comunitat, no només en l'individu? Ho hauré de buscar.
Destacaria el capítol 5 sencer - La Solitud.
… (més)
½
 
Marcat
ainarume | Hi ha 192 ressenyes més | Dec 4, 2015 |

Llistes

Trees (1)
1970s (1)

Premis

Potser també t'agrada

Autors associats

John Wawrzonek Photographer
Elbert Hubbard Contributor
Henry Beston Introduction
Peter Fiore Illustrator
Lewis Hyde Editor
Barry Moser Illustrator
John Hay Introduction
Henry Bugbee Kane Illustrator
Ray Angelo Contributor
Erik Bystad Translator
Michael Meyer Introduction, Editor
Perry Miller Afterword
George Giusti Cover designer
Thomas Nason Illustrator
Jacques Mailhos Traduction
Louis Fabulet Traduction
William O. Douglas Introduction
Michel Onfray Préface
Sydney Butchkes Cover artist
Antti Immonen Translator
Max Gissen Editor
Wilhelm Nobbe Übersetzer
Sam Gilpin Afterword
William Hope Narrator
Laura Ross Editor
Paul E. Kennedy Cover designer
Jim Harrison Préface
Eduards Groševs Cover designer
Tatjana Fischer Translator
Valdis Ābols Translator
Stig Åsberg Illustrator
Emma Emmerich Translator
Jonathan Levin Introduction and Notes
W. S. Merwin Introduction
Rupert Degas Narrator
Kristen Case Introduction
Claire Leighton Illustrator
Carl Bode Editor
Laurence Vernet Translator
Markku Envall Translator
Ben Wiseman Cover artist
飯田 実 Translator
Henry Bugbee Cane Illustrator
Robert Finch Introduction
Paul Theroux Introduction
R. J. Holden Illustrator
David Pearson Cover designer
John Stilgoe Preface
Abigail Rorer Illustrator
N. C. Wyeth Illustrator
Lily Owens Editor
Alexander Pechmann Übersetzer
Einar Sigstad Illustrator
齊藤 昇 Translator

Estadístiques

Obres
553
També de
63
Membres
43,203
Popularitat
#393
Valoració
3.9
Ressenyes
457
ISBN
1,939
Llengües
27
Preferit
188

Gràfics i taules