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In September 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne noted this social encounter in his journal: "Mr. Thorow dined with us yesterday. He is a singular character---a young man with much of wild original nature still remaining in him; and so far as he is sophisticated, it is in a way and method of his own. He is as ugly as sin, long-nosed, queer-mouthed, and with uncouth and somewhat rustic, although courteous manners, corresponding very well with such an exterior. But his ugliness is of an honest and agreeable fashion, and becomes him much better than beauty. On the whole, I find him a healthy and wholesome man to know." Most responses to Thoreau are as ambiguously respectful as was Hawthorne's. Thoreau was neither an easy person to like nor an easy writer to read. Thoreau described himself as a mystic, a Transcendentalist, and a natural philosopher. He is a writer of essays about nature---not of facts about it but of his ideals and emotions in its presence. His wish to understand nature led him to Walden Pond, where he lived from 1845 to 1847 in a cabin that he built. Though he was an educated man with a Harvard degree, fluent in ancient and modern German, he preferred to study nature by living "a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity, and trust." Knowing this, we should beware of misreading the book that best reflected this great experience in Thoreau's life: Walden; or, Life in the Woods (1854). It is not a handbook of the simple life. Though there are elements in the book of a "whole-earth catalogue" mentality, to focus on the radical "economic" aspects of Thoreau's work is to miss much in the book. Nor is it an autobiography. The right way to read Walden is as a "transcendental" narrative prose poem, whose hero is a man named Henry, a modern Odysseus in search of a "true America." Thoreau left Walden Pond on September 6, 1846, exactly two years, two months, and two days after he had settled there. As he explained in the pages of Walden: "I left the woods for as good a reason as I went to live there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one." Growth, change, and development were essential to his character. One should not overlook the significance of his selecting July 4 as the day for taking possession of his residence at Walden Pond, a day that celebrates the establishment of a new government whose highest ideal is individual freedom. In terms of Thoreau's redefinition of the nation-idea, "the only true America" is that place where one may grow wild according to one's nature, where one may "enjoy the land, but own it not." Thoreau believed that each person should live according to individual conscience, willing to oppose the majority if necessary. An early proponent of nonviolent resistance, he was jailed briefly for refusing to pay his poll tax to support the Mexican War and the slave system that had promoted that war. His essay "On Civil Disobedience" (1849), which came from this period of passive resistance, was acknowledged by Mahatma Gandhi (who read it in a South African jail) as the basis for his campaign to free India. Martin Luther King, Jr. later attributed to Thoreau and Gandhi the inspiration for his leadership in the civil rights movement in the United States. Thoreau contracted tuberculosis in 1835 and suffered from it sporadically afterwards. His health declined over three years with brief periods of remission, until he eventually became bedridden. Recognizing the terminal nature of his disease, Thoreau spent his last years revising and editing his unpublished works, particularly The Maine Woods and Excursions, and petitioning publishers to print revised editions of A Week and Walden. He died on May 6, 1862 at age 44. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from Walden o la vida als boscos
… (més)
Walden o la vida als boscos 12,964 exemplars, 166 ressenyes
Walden / Civil Disobedience 7,019 exemplars, 46 ressenyes
Civil Disobedience and Other Essays 1,620 exemplars, 11 ressenyes
La desobediència civil (Autor) 1,468 exemplars, 29 ressenyes
Walden and Other Writings 1,384 exemplars, 9 ressenyes
Walking 814 exemplars, 18 ressenyes
The Portable Thoreau 798 exemplars, 4 ressenyes
Cape Cod 735 exemplars, 9 ressenyes
Walden and other writings 726 exemplars, 5 ressenyes
The Maine Woods 710 exemplars, 5 ressenyes
Walden: A Fully Annotated Edition 580 exemplars, 7 ressenyes
Thoreau: On Man and Nature 387 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Collected Essays and Poems 330 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Walden and Other Writings 312 exemplars, 5 ressenyes
Where I Lived, and What I Lived For 304 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Journal, 1837–1861 237 exemplars, 4 ressenyes
Reflections at Walden 134 exemplars
Letters to a Spiritual Seeker 132 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
Excursions 121 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Henry David's House 120 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Civil Disobedience / Reading (Autor) 94 exemplars
Works of Henry David Thoreau 89 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Works of Henry David Thoreau 65 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Journal 59 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Wild Apples 57 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Thoreau on Birds 52 exemplars
Autumnal Tints 51 exemplars
Men of Concord 47 exemplars
Friendship and Other Essays 43 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Works of Henry David Thoreau 40 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Illuminated Walden 38 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Canoeing in the Wilderness 38 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Thoreau's animals 31 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
A Yankee in Canada 30 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Collected Poems of Henry Thoreau 29 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Thoreau's Wildflowers 29 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The River 23 exemplars
Ktaadn 15 exemplars
Un paseo invernal 12 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Summer 11 exemplars
Friendship 11 exemplars
Autumn 10 exemplars
Musketaquid 8 exemplars
Journal, Volume 2 7 exemplars
Volar : apuntes sobre aves 6 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Journal, Volume 3 6 exemplars
A Winter Walk 6 exemplars
Journal, Volume 5 5 exemplars
Lob der Wildnis 5 exemplars
Voisins animaux 4 exemplars
Marcher 3 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Translations 3 exemplars
Pensées sauvages 3 exemplars
Thoreau on writing 3 exemplars
El gran invierno 3 exemplars
Marcher 3 exemplars
Sir Walter Raleigh 3 exemplars
Journal, Volume 6 3 exemplars
American Fields and Forests 3 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Walden Illustrated 3 exemplars
Til naturen 2 exemplars
Sivil Itaatsizlik 2 exemplars
Vida salvaje, La 2 exemplars
Toulky přírodou 2 exemplars
Poemas 2 exemplars
Nature and Walking 2 exemplars
La No-violencia, arma política 2 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The service 2 exemplars
Pensoj el Valdeno 2 exemplars
Journal 1844-1846 2 exemplars
Essais 2 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Journal, 1837-1852 2 exemplars
Poems of Nature 2 exemplars
The New Walden 1 exemplars
Kring Bellman 1 exemplars
Walden, or Life in the Woods 1 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Woodshed 1 exemplars
Coratge cívic 1 exemplars
Yürümek 1 exemplars
Nature Walking 1 exemplars
Works of Thoreau 1 exemplars
Deník: 1837-1861 1 exemplars
Desobedecendo 1 exemplars
Concord Idealism 1 exemplars
Walden 1 exemplars
Spring 1 exemplars
Opere scelte 1 exemplars
Summer (misfiled) 1 exemplars
The Landlord 1 exemplars
Sense títol 1 exemplars
Passejades 1 exemplars
Selected writings 1 exemplars
The Writings VI 1 exemplars
Huckleberries 1 exemplars
Cape Cod, vol. 2 1 exemplars
Cape Cod, vol. 1 1 exemplars
Walden, Volume 2 1 exemplars
The moon 1 exemplars
Thoreau's Journals (Autor) 1 exemplars
Desobeir 1 exemplars
The Art of the Personal Essay (Col·laborador) 1,282 exemplars, 8 ressenyes
Essays: English and American (Col·laborador) 565 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Assassin's Cloak: An Anthology of the World's Greatest Diarists (Col·laborador, algunes edicions) 520 exemplars, 8 ressenyes
The Rag and Bone Shop of the Heart: A Poetry Anthology (Col·laborador) 361 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Col·laborador) 262 exemplars, 4 ressenyes
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Volume 1 (Col·laborador, algunes edicions) 243 exemplars
Social and Political Philosophy: Readings From Plato to Gandhi (Col·laborador) 233 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Literary Cat (Col·laborador) 228 exemplars
The Penguin Book of Homosexual Verse (Col·laborador) 221 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Col·laborador) 151 exemplars, 1 ressenya
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Col·laborador) 125 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
The Anarchist Reader (Autor, algunes edicions) 114 exemplars
The Anarchists (Col·laborador) 104 exemplars
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Col·laborador) 102 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Winter: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (Col·laborador) 102 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
American Sonnets: An Anthology (Col·laborador) 63 exemplars
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (Col·laborador) 62 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Selected Writings of the American Transcendentalists (Col·laborador) 58 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Autumn: A Spiritual Biography of the Season (Col·laborador) 55 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Civil Disobedience: Theory and Practice (Col·laborador) 55 exemplars
Range of Philosophy (Col·laborador) 47 exemplars
The Book of the Sea (Col·laborador) 35 exemplars
The Signet Book of American Essays (Col·laborador) 34 exemplars
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (Col·laborador, algunes edicions) 26 exemplars
The Seas of God: Great Stories of the Human Spirit (Col·laborador) 24 exemplars, 2 ressenyes
Classic Essays in English (Col·laborador) 22 exemplars
The Penguin book of the ocean (Col·laborador) 19 exemplars
Son of Man: Great Writing About Jesus Christ (Col·laborador) 17 exemplars
Trees: A Celebration (Col·laborador) 12 exemplars
Favorite Animal Stories (Col·laborador) 11 exemplars
Christmas Classics: Stories for the Whole Family (Col·laborador) 10 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Suspense: A Treasury for Young Adults (Col·laborador) 6 exemplars
America's Great Wilderness (Col·laborador) 5 exemplars
A Reader for Writers (Col·laborador) 2 exemplars

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Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist, he is best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay "Civil Disobedience" (originally published as "Resistance to Civil Government"), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.

Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry amount to more than 20 volumes. Among his lasting contributions are his writings on natural history and philosophy, in which he anticipated the methods and findings of ecology and environmental history, two sources of modern-day environmentalism. His literary style interweaves close observation of nature, personal experience, pointed rhetoric, symbolic meanings, and historical lore, while displaying a poetic sensibility, philosophical austerity, and attention to practical detail. He was also deeply interested in the idea of survival in the face of hostile elements, historical change, and natural decay; at the same time he advocated abandoning waste and illusion in order to discover life's true essential needs.

He was a lifelong abolitionist, delivering lectures that attacked the Fugitive Slave Law while praising the writings of Wendell Phillips and defending the abolitionist John Brown. Thoreau's philosophy of civil disobedience later influenced the political thoughts and actions of such notable figures as Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, and Martin Luther King Jr.

Thoreau is sometimes referred to as an anarchist. Though "Civil Disobedience" seems to call for improving rather than abolishing government—"I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government"—the direction of this improvement contrarily points toward anarchism: "'That government is best which governs not at all;' and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have."
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El llibre de Henry David Thoreau Walden: With an Introduction and Annotations by Bill McKibben estava disponible a LibraryThing Early Reviewers.

El llibre de Henry David Thoreau Thoreau and the Art of Life: Reflections on Nature and the Mystery of Existence estava disponible a LibraryThing Early Reviewers.

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