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Francois Truffaut was one of the principal figures in the French New Wave movement of the 1950s and early 1960s. As a young critic for the avant-garde film magazine Les Cahiers du Cinema, he formulated the politique des auteurs---the idea that directors with a personal vision are the true authors of films, rather than conventional screenwriters or script-bound directors. An admirer of American films, Truffaut was much influenced by Alfred Hitchcock (see Vol. 1). In several of his own films, Truffaut, who had an unhappy childhood and youth, portrayed a fictionalized version of himself, a character called Antoine Doinel, to create personal cinema. The first of these films, which was also his first feature film, was The Four Hundred Blows (1959). It is still one of the most popular of his works. Other notable Truffaut films are Shoot the Piano Player (1960), the lyrical menage a trois Jules and Jim (1961), the Academy Award-winning Day for Night (1973), The Last Metro (1980), and The Woman Next Door (1981). (Bowker Author Biography)
— biography from The Films in My Life
… (més)
The Films in My Life 242 exemplars
Fahrenheit 451 [1966 film] (Director; Screenwriter) 145 exemplars, 5 ressenyes
The 400 Blows [1959 film] (Director) 138 exemplars, 5 ressenyes
Jules and Jim [1962 film] (Director; Screenwriter) 121 exemplars, 7 ressenyes
Breathless [1960 film] (Screenwriter) 121 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
Correspondence, 1945-1984 79 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Shoot the Piano Player [1960 film] (Director; Director) 66 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Day for Night [1973 film] 58 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Man Who Loved Women [1977 film] (Director) 55 exemplars
Le plaisir des yeux 52 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Last Metro [1980 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 51 exemplars, 5 ressenyes
Jules and Jim [screenplay] 51 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Love on the Run [1979 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 35 exemplars
The Wild Child 35 exemplars
Letters 32 exemplars
Small Change 29 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Soft Skin 27 exemplars
The Bride Wore Black [1968 film] (Director) 27 exemplars, 3 ressenyes
Two English Girls [1971 film] (Director) 26 exemplars
The Story of Adele H [1975 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 24 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Confidentially Yours [1983 film] (Director) 20 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Bed & Board [1970 film] (Director/Screenwriter) 20 exemplars
Mississippi Mermaid [1969 film] 20 exemplars, 1 ressenya
Small Change 19 exemplars, 1 ressenya
The Woman Next Door 18 exemplars
Antoine et Colette [1962 film] (Director) 14 exemplars
The Green Room 12 exemplars
La petite voleuse 11 exemplars
Jules a Jim 1 exemplars
La peau douce 1 exemplars
Close Encounters of the Third Kind (Actor) 445 exemplars, 10 ressenyes
Jules and Jim (Introducció, algunes edicions) 441 exemplars, 9 ressenyes
Film: A Montage of Theories (Col·laborador) 75 exemplars
Paras elokuvakirja (Col·laborador) 5 exemplars
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François Truffaut was one of the most influential figures in film history. He was largely self-taught, but became one of France's leading film critics during the 1950s. His promotion of the "auteur theory" (politique des auteurs) eventually revolutionized film criticism and led to a re-evaluation of the work of Abel Gance, Max Ophuls, Roberto Rossellini, Alfred Hitchcock, Howard Hawks, Nicholas Ray, and others. He and his colleagues at the pioneering French film magazine Cahiers du cinéma developed a more personal, freewheeling vision of filmmaking that achieved world fame as the French New Wave (Nouvelle vague). Truffaut was born on to an unmarried mother, a circumstance that would shape much of his life and work. He was taken in by his maternal grandparents. In 1933, his mother married Roland Truffaut, an architectural draftsman, who adopted young François, but he didn't live with them until 1939. Many details from his childhood, freely reworked, can be found in Truffaut's semi-autobiographical debut film, Les 400 Coups (The 400 Blows, 1960). As a teenager, he joined various film clubs and societies, where he earned a reputation for his outspoken opinions on films and directors. He was befriended by older intellectuals and cultural figures such as André Bazin, Louise de Vilmorin, and Jean Cocteau. In 1950, Truffaut got a job as a society reporter for Elle magazine and quickly established a reputation as a film critic. Through his work at Cahiers du cinéma and his frequent attendance of screenings at the Cinématheque Française headed by Henri Langlois, Truffaut became friends with other young critics who eventually became leading filmmakers of the French New Wave. During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the peak of the New Wave, Truffaut created and directed a brilliant series of films. In the 1970s, he made other notable films, especially his homage to moviemaking Day for Night (1973), which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Film. The Last Metro (1980), a portrayal of complicated moral choices during the Occupation, received 10 Césars, including Best Picture. In 1981, he published the book Les Films de ma vie (Films in my life); his correspondance was translated and published posthumously in 1988. In 1983, Truffaut was diagnosed with a brain tumor and died at age 52.
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2 16
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3 78
3.5 44
4 164
4.5 32
5 186

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