Imatge de l'autor

Richard Wright (1) (1908–1960)

Autor/a de Native Son

Per altres autors anomenats Richard Wright, vegeu la pàgina de desambiguació.

55+ obres 17,103 Membres 216 Ressenyes 32 preferits

Sobre l'autor

Richard Wright was generally thought of as one of the most gifted contemporary African American writers until the rise of James Baldwin. "With Wright, the pain of being a Negro is basically economic---its sight is mainly in the pocket. With Baldwin, the pain suffuses the whole man. . . . If mostra'n més Baldwin's sights are higher than Wright's, it is in part because Wright helped to raise them" (Time). Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi, the son of a sharecropper. At the age of 15, he started to work in Memphis, then in Chicago, then "bummed all over the country," supporting himself by various odd jobs. His early writing was in the smaller magazines---first poetry, then prose. He won Story Story's $500 prize---for the best story written by a worker on the Writer's Project---with "Uncle Tom's Children" in 1938, his first important publication. He wrote Native Son (1940) in eight months, and it made his reputation. Based in part on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the African American protest novels, violent and shocking in its scenes of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. Black Boy (1945) is the simple, vivid, and poignant story of Wright's early years in the South. It appeared at the beginning of a new postwar awareness of the evils of racial prejudice and did much to call attention to the plight of the African American. The Outsider (1953) is a novel based on Wright's own experience as a member of the Communist party, an affiliation he terminated in 1944. He remained politically inactive thereafter and from 1946 until his death made his principal residence in Paris. His nonfiction writings on problems of his race include Black Power: A Record of Reactions in a Land of Pathos (1954), about a visit to the Gold Coast, White Man, Listen (1957), and Twelve Million Black Voices: A Folk History of the Negro in the United States. (Bowker Author Biography) Richard Wright was born on a plantation near Natchez, Mississippi. His father left the family when Wright was only five years old, and he was raised first by his mother and then by a series of relatives. What little schooling he had ended with his graduation from ninth grade in Memphis, Tennessee. At age 15, he started to work in Memphis, and later worked in Chicago before traveling across the country supporting himself with odd jobs. When Wright finally returned to Chicago, he got a job with the federal Writer's Project, a government-supported arts program. He was quite successful, winning a $500 prize from a magazine for the best fiction written by a participant in that program. In Chicago, he was also introduced to leftist politics and became a member of the Communist Party. In 1937, Wright left Chicago for New York, where he became Harlem editor for the Communist national newspaper, The Daily Worker, and where he met future novelist, Ralph Ellison. Wright became a celebrated author with the publication of Native Son (1940), a novel he wrote in only eight months. Based on the actual case of a young black murderer of a white woman, it was one of the first of the modern black protest novels, violent and shocking in its sense of cruelty, hunger, rape, murder, flight, and prison. This novel brought Wright both fame and financial security. He followed it with his autobiography, Black Boy (1945), which was also successful. In 1942, Wright and his wife broke with the Communist Party, and in 1947, they moved to France, where Wright lived the rest of his life. His novel The Outsider (1953) is based on his experiences as a member of the Communist Party. Wright is regarded as a major modern American writer, one of the first black writers to reach a large white audience, and thereby raise the level of national awareness of the continuing problem of racism in America. In many respects Wright paved the way for all black writers who followed him. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra'n menys
Crèdit de la imatge: Richard Wright (1908-1960)
Photograph by Gordon Parks, May 1943
(Farm Security Administration-
Office of War Information Photograph Collection,
Library of Congress)

Obres de Richard Wright

Native Son (1940) 7,709 exemplars
Black Boy (1945) 5,193 exemplars
Uncle Tom's Children (1938) 737 exemplars
The Outsider (1953) 392 exemplars
Eight Men: Short Stories (1961) 262 exemplars
The Man Who Lived Underground (2021) 258 exemplars
Native Son (Abridged) (1940) 222 exemplars
Rite of passage (1994) 185 exemplars
American Hunger (1977) 179 exemplars
12 Million Black Voices (1941) 154 exemplars
Haiku: This Other World (1998) 131 exemplars
Pagan Spain (1957) 114 exemplars
Lawd Today! (1963) 96 exemplars
A Father's Law (2008) 96 exemplars
The Long Dream (1958) 95 exemplars
White Man, Listen! (1957) 80 exemplars
Savage Holiday (1954) 59 exemplars
Richard Wright Reader (1978) 38 exemplars
Native Son / Black Boy (1987) 36 exemplars
Thy Fearful Symmetry (2012) 16 exemplars
Almos' a Man (2000) 9 exemplars
Injustice: Vintage Minis (2018) 8 exemplars
Bright and Morning Star (1939) 7 exemplars
Richard Wright (2002) 3 exemplars
Neli meest : [novellid] (1963) 3 exemplars
Blueprint for Negro Writing (1937) 2 exemplars
Black Boy [Easy Reader] (1971) 2 exemplars
Der schwarze Traum (1971) 1 exemplars
Callaloo Vol. 9 No. 3 (1986) 1 exemplars
Wright Richard 1 exemplars
Mi vida de negro 1 exemplars
Długi sen 1 exemplars
Sangre negra 1 exemplars
Fire and cloud 1 exemplars
Five Famous Writers 1 exemplars

Obres associades

The Best American Short Stories of the Century (2000) — Col·laborador — 1,561 exemplars
Winter Poems (1994) — Col·laborador — 1,181 exemplars
Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama (1995) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions917 exemplars
The Best American Essays of the Century (2000) — Col·laborador — 775 exemplars
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (1992) — Col·laborador — 748 exemplars
Race, Class, and Gender in the United States: An Integrated Study (1992) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions514 exemplars
The God That Failed (1944) — Col·laborador — 427 exemplars
The Portable Harlem Renaissance Reader (1994) — Col·laborador — 407 exemplars
Against Forgetting: Twentieth-Century Poetry of Witness (1993) — Col·laborador — 334 exemplars
A Treasury of Short Stories (1947) — Col·laborador — 293 exemplars
Modern American Memoirs (1995) — Col·laborador — 189 exemplars
This Is My Best (1942) — Col·laborador — 188 exemplars
African American Poetry: 250 Years of Struggle and Song (2020) — Col·laborador — 174 exemplars
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City (1962) — Introducció, algunes edicions161 exemplars
Blues Fell This Morning: Meaning in the Blues (1963) — Pròleg — 150 exemplars
The Mark Twain Anthology: Great Writers on His Life and Work (2010) — Col·laborador — 142 exemplars
Growing Up in the South: An Anthology of Modern Southern Literature (1991) — Col·laborador — 141 exemplars
An American Album: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Harper's Magazine (2000) — Col·laborador — 131 exemplars
The Signet Classic Book of Southern Short Stories (1991) — Col·laborador — 121 exemplars
Black on White: Black Writers on What It Means to Be White (1998) — Col·laborador — 118 exemplars
Black Nature: Four Centuries of African American Nature Poetry (2009) — Col·laborador — 114 exemplars
Voices from the Harlem Renaissance (1976) — Col·laborador — 106 exemplars
Calling the Wind: Twentieth Century African-American Short Stories (1992) — Col·laborador — 99 exemplars
The Literature of the American South: A Norton Anthology (1997) — Col·laborador — 98 exemplars
The 100 Best African American Poems (2010) — Col·laborador — 97 exemplars
American Short Stories (1976) — Col·laborador, algunes edicions95 exemplars
Voices in Our Blood: America's Best on the Civil Rights Movement (2001) — Col·laborador — 92 exemplars
Brotherman: The Odyssey of Black Men in America (1995) — Col·laborador — 91 exemplars
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (1975) — Col·laborador — 68 exemplars
The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Concise Edition (2003) — Col·laborador — 68 exemplars
D.C. Noir 2: The Classics (2008) — Col·laborador — 63 exemplars
Racism and Sexism: An Integrated Study (1988) — Col·laborador — 62 exemplars
American Negro Short Stories (1966) — Col·laborador — 61 exemplars
Trouble the Water: 250 Years of African American Poetry (1997) — Col·laborador — 56 exemplars
Chicago Noir: The Classics (2015) — Col·laborador — 51 exemplars
Eleven Modern Short Novels (1970) — Col·laborador — 49 exemplars
Soulscript: Afro-American Poetry (1970) — Col·laborador — 40 exemplars
Years of Protest: A Collection of American Writings of the 1930's (1967) — Col·laborador — 39 exemplars
Southern Dogs and Their People (2000) — Col·laborador — 39 exemplars
New Masses; An Anthology of the Rebel Thirties, (1969) — Col·laborador — 38 exemplars
Fifty Best American Short Stories 1915-1965 (1965) — Col·laborador — 36 exemplars
50 Best American Short Stories 1915-1939 (1939) — Col·laborador — 28 exemplars
America on Stage : Ten Great Plays of American History (1976) — Col·laborador — 22 exemplars
Black Theater USA : 45 Plays By Black Americans : 1847-1974 (1973) — Col·laborador — 20 exemplars
Ebony Rising: Short Fiction of the Greater Harlem Renaissance Era (2004) — Col·laborador — 16 exemplars
Modern American Short Stories (1945) — Col·laborador — 15 exemplars
Half-a-Hundred Stories for Men, Great Tales by American Writers (1945) — Col·laborador — 15 exemplars
Mississippi Writers: An Anthology (1991) — Col·laborador — 14 exemplars
Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern City, Volume I (1962) — Introducció, algunes edicions10 exemplars
Quintet: 5 of the World's Greatest Short Novels (1956) — Col·laborador — 6 exemplars
The Best American Short Stories 1958 (1958) — Col·laborador — 5 exemplars
Native Son [1951 film] (2003) — Actor / Original book — 5 exemplars
O. Henry Memorial Award Prize Stories of 1938 (1938) — Col·laborador — 4 exemplars
Twelve short novels (1976) — Col·laborador — 3 exemplars
Let Us Be Men (1969) — Col·laborador — 3 exemplars
Strange Barriers (1955) — Col·laborador — 2 exemplars
Introduction to Fiction (1974) — Col·laborador — 1 exemplars
The Ethnic Image in Modern American Literature, 1900-1950 (1984) — Col·laborador — 1 exemplars


Coneixement comú



deborahee | Hi ha 99 ressenyes més | Feb 23, 2024 |
This actually consists of a novella-length story, plus a nonfiction essay. The short story is the one of the title. It’s set in the 1940s(?) (that’s when it was originally written, anyway), and a black man, Fred, leaving work, just having been paid in cash, is “arrested” by the police and “questioned”/tortured. Initially not knowing even what they police were talking about, it turns out the neighbours of the people Fred worked for had been murdered in their home earlier in the day. Fred manages to escape and moves underground via the sewers from building to building for a few days.

The essay talked about how the author grew up with his very religious Grandmother and how some things from that experience related to this story.

Overall, I’m rating it ok. The essay got pretty philosophical, so wasn’t all that interesting to me. The story itself was better, but also a little bit odd while Fred was underground. I definitely did not see the end coming (but maybe I should have?).
… (més)
LibraryCin | Hi ha 12 ressenyes més | Feb 11, 2024 |
A young sociopath kills a white woman he barely knows, by accident, dismembers her and burns her body, then rapes and kills his own girlfriend. He is hunted down and captured, pleads guilty and goes to trial for the murder of the white woman. The man's race is used as a convenient explanation for his crimes, while his case is picked up by various people with their own agendas as a tool for their use. The fact that Wright is drawing on his own experiences as a Black man during the depression makes this book stronger, but the trial and justice system stuff in the third part is tedious and needed more editing. It seems pretty obvious that the boy Bigger is supposed to be assumed to have been pushed by racism to become a violent criminal, even though he has friends and family who are not killers and rapists despite living in the same environment. He seems to feel no remorse for his crimes. While the fact that his rape and murder of his girlfriend seems less important to the white people involved in the case, Bigger doesn't even seem to think about Bessie as a human being, just something that got in the way and needed to be discarded.
As far as social commentary, though, this book does show a good argument for the importance of education and economic equity. The fact that Bigger and his friends and family are so poorly educated makes them more vulnerable to mistreatment by people with more education, and their lack of education makes it harder for them to make good decisions that improve their lives. Another interesting argument from this story would be the importance of purpose in men's lives. The poor women in this story, with the responsibilities on their shoulders to keep themselves and their households functional, seem less inclined to resort to stupid criminal acts with high risks. The one truly irresponsible woman in this book, Mary, is living a pampered life similar to Bigger's, in that any mistakes she makes are dealt with by her parents or other responsible adults. Both Mary and Bigger can continue to act immature and irresponsible, at least until Bigger murders Mary and thus creates consequences even his mother and Bessie can't rescue him from.
… (més)
JBarringer | Hi ha 99 ressenyes més | Dec 15, 2023 |
56. The Man Who Lived Underground by Richard Wright
afterward Malcolm Wright (2021)
OPD: 2021 (written 1941-1942, with a shortened version published in 1944)
format: 228-page Kindle ebook
acquired: October 3 read: Oct 4-15 time reading: 5:44, 1.5 mpp
rating: 4
genre/style: Novel theme: Richard Wright
locations: unknown American city, probably southern
about the author: American author born on a Mississippi plantation, 1908-1960

This for me was a curiosity, part powerful, part quirky. Wright takes a close look at police brutality against African Americans (a point noted in his publisher's rejection documentation) and then an almost surreal look at a refugee living in American sewers. Fred Daniels, a good church-going upstanding person and expectant father, is arrested for a murder he knows nothing about. He's not questioned, but beat-up by an all-white police force demanding a confession. It's not clear where his mind was before this happens, but he gets rattled, and it seems his mind is never able to settle down. Instead, in the sewers he tunnels, and he stumbles across apparent odd truths about the basics in life - religion, death, money, entertainment, etc.

Maybe think Plato's cave. It's a combination of Wright's creativity and what I see has his semi-super-aware, semi-blind romantic mindset. It makes an odd combination of strange guy in a strange place doing strange things that don't quite make sense. In a long afterward, which Wright intended to be published with the novel, he explained the novel as a response to the stubborn illogical religious faith his grandmother followed and depended on, a source of conflict between he and his grandmother, his main parent during his older childhood.

This is a lost novel. Wright wrote it written during WW2, in 1942, but it was rejected for publication by his publisher. A shorter version was published in a journal, and later in a posthumous collection. Wright moved on, composing [Black Boy], his classic published in 1945. There he goes directly into his grandmother's religion and state of mind, and its impacts on him. The full version of this novel was first published in 2021, after Wright's grandson, Malcolm Wright, pushed for it.

… (més)
dchaikin | Hi ha 12 ressenyes més | Oct 22, 2023 |


1940s (1)
AP Lit (2)


Potser també t'agrada

Autors associats

Edwin Rosskam Photo-Direction
Oscar Ryan Contributor
Robin Endres Editor, introduction
Arnold Rampersad Notes, Introduction, Editor, , Afterword
Malcolm Wright Afterword
Nina Crews Introduction
John Reilly Afterword
David Diaz Cover artist, Illustrator
Caryl Phillips Introduction
Camillo Pellizzi Translator
Mary Schuck Cover designer
Gösta Olzon Translator
Peter Cade Cover artist
Julia Wright Contributor
Bruno Fonzi Translator
Jerry W. Ward, Jr. Introduction
Richard Yarborough Introduction
Stephanie Rosenfeld Book and cover designer
Keneth Kinnamon Contributor
Cornel West Introduction
John Williams Foreword


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