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Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty (2012)

de Daron Acemoglu, James A. Robinson

MembresRessenyesPopularitatValoració mitjanaMencions
1,622427,947 (3.75)20
Why are some nations rich and others poor? Is it culture, the weather, geography? Perhaps ignorance of the right policies? Simply, no. None of these factors is either definitive or destiny. Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson conclusively show that it is man-made political and economic institutions that underlie economic success (or lack of it). Based on fifteen years of original research, Acemoglu and Robinson marshall historical evidence from the Roman Empire to the Soviet Union, from Korea to Africa, to build a new theory of political economy with great relevance for the big questions of today, including: China has built an authoritarian growth machine. Will it continue to grow at such high speed and overwhelm the West? Is America moving from a virtuous circle, in which efforts by elites to aggrandize power are resisted, to a vicious one that enriches and empowers a small minority? What is the most effective way to help move billions of people from the rut of poverty to prosperity? This book will change the way you look at--and understand--the world.--From publisher description.… (més)
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» Mira també 20 mencions

Livro muito interessante que desenvolve uma teoria que se não estiver correcta, está pelo menos muito bem justificada. Ao descartar as teorias que explicam o sucesso ou o fracasso da Nações através da geografia, da cultura ou da ignorância das elites, propõe uma teoria alternativa muito bem fundamentada.
De facto, recorrendo às teorias simplificadoras como se pode explicar que o Egipto tenha sido uma nação rica e poderosa durante dois milénios, seja hoje um país pobre?
Concordo com a ideia que a riqueza de um país dependa da natureza das suas instituições políticas e económicas e que, a natureza destas dependa do empenho e participação política das suas populações.
Os autores defendem que as instituições extractivas podem permitir algum crescimento, desde que não provoque “destruição criativa” nem pressuponha inovação. Esse crescimento será limitado no tempo e a longo prazo levará a depauperação da nação. Só as instituições inclusivas levam à riqueza e ao sucesso. Ambos os tipos de instituições são analisadas quer através de casos históricos, quer através de exemplos actuais, o que permite a elaboração de um novo índice:
Nogales (actual) 17
Colonização espanhola (século XVI) 20
Colonização inglesa (século XVII) 30
México (século XIX) 41
México (actual) 53
Coreias (actual) 90
Congo (século XVI) 117
Europa (século XIV) 121
URSS 153
Revolução Neolítica 167
Maias 175
Veneza (séculos XII a XV) 185
Roma imperial 193
Inglaterra romana 209
Revolução Gloriosa 230
Revolução Industrial 238
Impérios russo, austríaco e turco 256
China (século XV) 277
Etiópia 281
Somália 285
Indochina Holandesa 294
Os produtores de escravos 300
África do Sul (século XIX) 310
Austrália (século XIX) 328
Revolução francesa 338
Restauração Meiji 352
Inglaterra (século XVIII) 361
EUA (século XIX e XX) 381
Serra Leoa 400
Guatemala 412
Esclavagismo no sul dos EUA 419
Etiópia (século XX) 427
Zimbabwe 438
Serra Leoa 444
Argentina (século XV) 457
Coreia do norte 462
Uzbequistão 465
Egipto (século XX) 471
Botswana 481
Estado do sul dos EUA (século XX) 493
Republica Popular da China 501
Afeganistão 538
Brasil (século XX) 543 ( )
  CMBras | Jan 23, 2021 |
Should have been a longish article on the Atlantic,and even then it might have been worthy of a tl;dr. ( )
  agtgibson | Jan 5, 2021 |
Terse, concise and interesting. I find this much more persuasive than Jared Diamond's theories (although time-wise it picks up much later). It may somewhat seem like pushing the air bubble behind the wallpaper but it's still more coherent than tameable animals, parasites and other such nonsense which fails on the basis of counterexamples. In the end though it's all down to the vagaries of history and chance. ( )
  TeaTimeCoder | Dec 23, 2020 |
Contains a lot of insights and truths. After a while the truth is so self evident that you feel as if the author is beating you to death with the clue stick. But, it explains a lot, such as the "end of China's growth" that we are experiencing. It also sounds a BIG warning about the tricks the ANC are coming up with in South Africa... ( )
  rendier | Dec 20, 2020 |
Don't bother. Deaton's Great Escape has better substance and Guns, Germs, and Steel is a better story. ( )
  ErinCSmith | Jul 24, 2020 |
Es mostren 1-5 de 42 (següent | mostra-les totes)
It should be no surprise that countries with those advantages ended up rich and with good institutions, while countries with those disadvantages didn’t. ... The ... weakness is the authors’ resort to assertion unsupported or contradicted by facts. ... The authors’ discussions of what can and can’t be done today to improve conditions in poor countries are thought-provoking and will stimulate debate.
 

» Afegeix-hi altres autors

Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
Daron Acemogluautor primaritotes les edicionscalculat
Robinson, James A.autor principaltotes les edicionsconfirmat

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For Arda and Asu--DA
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Preface

This book is about the huge differences in incomes and standards of living that separate the rich countries of the world, such as the United States, Great Britain, and Germany, from the poor, such as those in sub-Saharan Africa, Central America, and South Asia.
1.
So Close and Yet So Different

The Economics of the Rio Grande

The city of Nogales is cut in half by a fence.
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Countries such as Great Britain and the United States became rich because their citizens overthrew the elites who controlled power and created a society where political rights ere much more broadly distributed, where the government was accountable and responsive to citizens, and where the great mass of people could take advantage of economic opportunities.
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Why are some nations rich and others poor? Is it culture, the weather, geography? Perhaps ignorance of the right policies? Simply, no. None of these factors is either definitive or destiny. Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson conclusively show that it is man-made political and economic institutions that underlie economic success (or lack of it). Based on fifteen years of original research, Acemoglu and Robinson marshall historical evidence from the Roman Empire to the Soviet Union, from Korea to Africa, to build a new theory of political economy with great relevance for the big questions of today, including: China has built an authoritarian growth machine. Will it continue to grow at such high speed and overwhelm the West? Is America moving from a virtuous circle, in which efforts by elites to aggrandize power are resisted, to a vicious one that enriches and empowers a small minority? What is the most effective way to help move billions of people from the rut of poverty to prosperity? This book will change the way you look at--and understand--the world.--From publisher description.

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