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The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and…
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The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century… (edició 2013)

de Paul Preston (Autor)

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332965,637 (3.79)16
Long neglected by European historians, the unspeakable atrocities of Franco's Spain are finally brought to tragic light in this definitive work by Paul Preston, the world's foremost historian of 20th-century Spain.
Títol:The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain
Autors:Paul Preston (Autor)
Informació:HarperPress (2013), Edition: 01, 736 pages
Col·leccions:La teva biblioteca

Informació de l'obra

L'Holocaust espanyol : odi i extermini durant la Guerra Civil i després de Paul Preston

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» Mira també 16 mencions

Es mostren 1-5 de 9 (següent | mostra-les totes)
This is one of those books that angers the reader because of the injustices perpetrated during the Spanish Civil War, some by both sides, but primarily by those allied with Franco. Also, the role of the Catholic church is pretty shocking. One would expect good Christians to oppose cruel treatment of anyone, regardless of their religious beliefs. When priests not only advocate the execution of the opposition but actually do the executing one has to wonder, if there is an afterlife, where those priests are today.
Like all oppressive regimes, Franco and his allies understood early that they had to control people's thoughts. They had a very effective propaganda machine designed to convince the Spanish public and the rest of the world that the Spanish Republicans were really the evil ones. In some cases, particularly with the anarchists, that was true. For the most part, though, Franco's forces were much more brutal with innocent people than the Republican forces were.
The biggest problem I had with this book was the repetitive detail. Mr. Preston catalogs pretty much what happened in every town in Spain. There are sections where he tells ad infinitum what the rebel forces did as they marched from town to town, and it is the same in each town--torture and kill the political leaders, teachers, writers, etc., and all their family and friends. The local women seemed to get the same torture everywhere--raped, shaved their heads, made them drink castor oil, marched them in front of the public. After a few of these towns, we get the idea and don't need it repeated endlessly.
Another problem with the book is the plethora of names Mr. Preston gives. There are literally thousands of names in the book, and almost all of them are mentioned only once. There is little need to list the name of a mayor of a small Spanish town, especially when the mayor is quickly executed and plays no other part in the book. Many of these people's names are given and one or two sentences are devoted to them. It seems there should have been an editor for this book, someone to tell Mr. Preston he needs to cut out about a quarter of what he has.
Aside from these two problems, this was an interesting book. Mr. Preston is extremely knowledgeable about his topic. If someone is researching the Spanish Civil War, I would say this book is a must-read. However, if you want a more readable book that gives more of an overview of the war, I would look elsewhere. ( )
  ChuckRinn | Oct 4, 2020 |
Odio y exterminio en la Guerra Civil y después
  Chule | Oct 14, 2019 |
Der Titel dieses Werkes ist Programm und das ist auch das größte Problem dieser einsicht. Jede Geschichtsschreibung ist ducrh die Auswahl ihrer Grundlagen und Quellen narrative Fiktion, aber doch sollte zumindest der Versuch bestehen, seine eigenen Vorurteile und Überzeugungen hinter sich gelassen. Aber schon Prestons Fragestellung setzt die moralische Überlegenheit der Republik über die nationalistische Rebellion voraus. Dem kann man natürlich zustimmen, immerhin ist die Rebellion der Ursprung eines faschistischen Regimes, aber die Aufgabe des Historikers wäre zumindest, das erst nach der Bearbeitung der Quellen herauszufinden. So ist es nicht Prestons Ergebnis, das kritisch ist, sondern sein Weg zu diesem Ergebnis.

Gleichzeitig gerät seine Darstellung zu einer Aufzählung von beispielhaften Eriegnissen, die in keiner Weise kontextualisiert werden. So ist es zwar vielleicht mit einem Interesse für einzelne Erignisse gut zu lesen, aber nicht wirklich als gute Wissenschaftliche Arbeit zu lesen. ( )
  chwiggy | Jun 20, 2018 |

El término "holocausto" es uno contencioso, reservado únicamente ahora para la más grave de las atrocidades (a pesar de la hipérbole). Aunque en una escala un poco más pequeña, Preston hace la afirmación de que los asesinatos de la Guerra Civil Española, y más tarde el régimen de Franco, son de naturaleza sistémica y deliberada, comparables a los de Hitler o Stalin.

España, que actualmente está luchando con problemas económicos, todavía tiene algunos de los restos y pesadillas del último régimen fascista en Europa. Solo en los últimos diez años se han tomado medidas para restituir a las víctimas y reconocer sus crímenes. Pero todavía hay quienes lo admiran como un dechado de orden, un cruzado moderno, un modelo de los valores tradicionales. Algunos todavía hacen peregrinajes a su llamativo monumento a la "reconciliación", el Valle de los Caidos, parcialmente construido por prisioneros y esclavos.

La tesis principal de Preston es la siguiente: El régimen de Franco, durante la Guerra Civil y después, cometió a sabiendas y voluntariamente atrocidades a gran escala contra opositores políticos y civiles. Más murió detrás de las líneas que en el frente mismo.

En cuanto a la República de España de izquierda, no están totalmente exentos de responsabilidad -hay reacciones considerables contra otros elementos de la sociedad- tanto religiosos como conservadores. Sin embargo, la izquierda no tenía un control centralizado real sobre grandes áreas del país, y Preston condena las facciones anarquistas en particular. Aunque sus crímenes fueron hechos como retribución, o desafío, o más bien como pura desesperación, él no los absuelve. Los franquistas ganaron y, por lo tanto, tenían más tiempo y poder para hacer lo que deseaban. Pero el hecho permanece: los izquierdistas mataron a 50,000 personas detrás de sus líneas en la guerra civil, y los derechistas a 150,000.

Esto es bastante agotador para leer. X ejército se mudó a la aldea Y y masacró a los habitantes, saqueó, saqueó y violaron a las mujeres. En represalia, el ejército Z se mudó a la aldea Y y atacó a los simpatizantes de X en la aldea W antes de ser forzados ... y así sucesivamente. Numerosas figuras se presentan solo para morir terriblemente poco después. 500 páginas de esto al menos. Es casi insensible. Pero uno debe continuar....

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  FundacionRosacruz | Apr 16, 2018 |
I've read a number of books on the Spanish Civil War, but this is the first by Paul Preston (to my shame). The book itself is a difficult read, detailing much of the horrors of a conflict that was a defining moment in twentieth century European history. Many of the passages made me feel physically sick, repulsed by the inhumanity of those engaged in the conflict. It is certainly worth keeping this in mind if you intend on reading this book.

Preston details the atrocities committed on both sides. However, he clearly sets out how the atrocities committed by the rebels were part of an overarching strategy. Led by Franco, the rebels were obsessed with eradicating left-wing (Jewish-Marxist as they saw it) influence from Spain, an influence they saw as "cancerous". They pursued this strategy with utter ruthlessness, executing anyone who exhibited the tendencies they sought to eradicate from Spain. Families of those executed were impoverished (if not worse) and children removed from families and placed under the care of those sympathetic to the rebels.

This contrasted starkly with the Republicans. Whilst atrocities were committed in their name, they were not part of an overall strategy and, indeed, efforts were made to put a stop to any atrocities committed by Republican forces.

Overall, I would certainly recommend this excellent, thoroughly researched book, but I would advise to be prepared for some very disturbing and upsetting passages. Not since American Psycho have I been so inclined to put a book down and walk away. The difference being, of course, that these events were very real and, consequently, infinitely more disturbing. ( )
2 vota ijclark | Mar 31, 2013 |
Es mostren 1-5 de 9 (següent | mostra-les totes)
An eminent and prolific British historian of modern Spain, Preston says this was “an extremely painful book to write.” It is also, unlike several of his other works, a difficult book to read. The newcomer to Spanish history will nowhere learn the difference between the Assault Guard and the Civil Guard, or between a Carlist and an integrist. Chapters roll on for 40 or 50 pages without a break. A blizzard of names of thousands of perpetrators and the towns where they carried out their tortures and killings overwhelms the reader. “The Spanish Holocaust” is not really a narrative but a comprehensive prosecutor’s brief. With its immense documentation — 120 pages of endnotes to both published and unpublished material in at least five languages, including corrections of errors in these sources — it is bound to be an essential reference for anything written on the subject for years to come.
afegit per rybie2 | editaNew York Times, Adam Hochschild (May 11, 2012)

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Long neglected by European historians, the unspeakable atrocities of Franco's Spain are finally brought to tragic light in this definitive work by Paul Preston, the world's foremost historian of 20th-century Spain.

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