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Sobre la llibertat (1859)

de John Stuart Mill

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First published in 1859, John Stuart Mill's On Liberty is an exhaustive exploration of social and civic liberty, its limits, and its consequences. Mill's work is a classic of political liberalism that contains a rational justification of the freedom of the individual in opposition to the claims of the state. Drawing upon the empiricism of John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume and the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham, On Liberty defends the representative democracy as the culmination of society's progression from lower to higher stages, even as it recognizes one of the unique dangers of this type of government-namely, the "tyranny of the majority."Central to Mill's ideology is the harm principle-the idea that individual liberties should only be curtailed when they harm or interfere with the ability of others to exercise their own liberties. Unlike other liberal theorists, Mill did not rely upon theories of abstract rights to support his ideology, but rather grounded his philosophy in ideas of utility. As relevant to modern audiences as it was to Mill's Victorian readership, On Liberty is an enduring classic of political thought.… (més)
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    The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire de Edward Gibbon (themulhern)
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    The Law de Claude Frédéric Bastiat (baronnet)
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    Free Speech And Why It Matters de Andrew Doyle (themulhern)
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    Superman and Common Men: Freedom, Anarchy and the Revolution de Benjamin R. Barber (P_S_Patrick)
    P_S_Patrick: Common themes of Freedom, Tolerance, political and social criticism.
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John Stuart Mill calls this nearly 200 page book an essay. Since an essay just means a writing of the authors own opinion this qualifies. Mill makes one strong point in On Liberty and that is that the individual should not be limited by rulers or governments in his or her thinking or actions or speech. Governments should not restrict freedom. However Mill makes it very clear that liberty does not mean that a person is free to do anything that harms another. There is no freedom to impair other people's rights or health or happiness. John Stuart Mill writes that societies and governments do have the authority to restrain or restrict or even punish individuals when their actions interfere with others, freedom is not absolute. It has never meant that one can do whatever one feels like without regard to the impact on other people. The idea that freedom means we can not be compelled to do what is best for everyone else is popular today. The resistance to reasonable public health measures during the pandemic that began in 2020 is a prime example of what Mill considered the limits of freedom. More people need to read John Stuart Mill. ( )
  MMc009 | Jan 30, 2022 |
liberalism i'm--
  rosscharles | May 19, 2021 |
This is one of the finest works of libertarian philosophy, focused on the proper role of the individual vs. the state and society. Essentially, Mill advances the case for individual freedom and non-intervention by society to the extent that the individual's actions only harm himself, using multiple forms of justification -- that it allows experimentation, that restrictions are often misguided, and that restrictions tend to centralize power and eliminate greatness in men.

I disagree with Mill on one specific point. He says an individual's role as a service provider, business, etc. is "part of society" and not "an individual right" -- this is incorrect; the right to make/sell is just as much an individual right as the right to buy/consume.

Depressingly, much of what he identified as uniquely awesome about America is no longer true -- we are now governed by a massive bureaucracy, and much of the citizenry are not individually reliant as they were at one time -- and in areas such as universal state-run education his fears have been fully realized. ( )
  octal | Jan 1, 2021 |
An essay that was as relevant today as when it was first published. This handsome edition from Penguin is uncluttered and easy to read. ( )
  Lirmac | Nov 6, 2020 |
This book just did not resonate with me. The logic seemed sound, but it also seemed like he was rehashing the same thing over and over. Some of the better points:
- Societies tend to demand conformity, assuming that their way is the "true" way.
- Societies mistakenly assume that they are better than all previous societies.
- Diversity is good as long as it is not harmful to society.
- When there is no opposition, people fail to grasp the arguments for their way of life, and the society becomes weak, unable to defend itself against competing philosophies.
- Truth doesn't necessarily triumph over falsehood, especially in the short run. In the long run truth keeps being rediscovered, and may eventually be adopted.
- Legal or social penalties will generally stop the propagation of both truth and error

"Strong impulses are but another name for energy. Energy may be turned to bad uses, but more good may always be made of an energetic nature, than of an indolent and impassive one."
----------------------- Addendum --------------------
About 2/3 of the way through this book I saw that his arguments are those that would be employed by homosexual, etc.. They also seemed arbitrary rather than having a sound foundation: He says that fornication is okay, but that a pimp is not; Drunkenness is okay, but violent behavior while drunk is not. Marriage is okay; so is divorce. Men should support their families & provide education for their children.
( )
  bread2u | Jul 1, 2020 |
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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
John Stuart Millautor primaritotes les edicionscalculat
Ījabs, IvarsTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Berlin, IsaiahIntroduccióautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Courtney, W. L.Introduccióautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Himmelfarb, GertrudeEditorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Kirk, RussellIntroduccióautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Rapaport, ElizabethEditorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Rodríguez Huéscar, AntonioPròlegautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Sainz Pulido, JosefaTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat

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The grand, leading principle, towards which every argument unfolded in these pages directly converges, is the absolute and essential importance of human development in its richest diversity.
WILHELM VON HUMBOLDT,
Sphere and Duties of Government.
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To the beloved and deplored memory of her who was the inspirer, and in part the author, of all that is best in my writings -- the friend and wife whose exalted sense of truth and right was my strongest incitement, and whose approbation was my chief reward -- I dedicate this volume. Like all that I have written for many years, it belongs as much to her as to me; but the work as it stands has had, to a very insufficient degree, the inestimable advantage of her revision; some of the most important portions having been reserved for a more careful re-examination, which they are now never destined to receive. Were I but capable of interpreting to the world one half the great thoughts and noble feeling which are buried in her grave, I should be the medium of a greater benefit to it, than is ever likely to arise from anything that I can write, unprompted and unassisted by her all but unrivalled wisdom.
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The subject of this essay is not the so-called 'liberty of the will', so unfortunately opposed the misnamed doctrine of philosophical necessity; but civil, or social liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual.
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Orthodox Christians who are tempted to think that those who stoned to death the first martyrs must have been worse men than they themselves are ought to remember that one of those persecutors was Saint Paul.
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A single essay. Do not combine with books containing this essay in addition to others.
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First published in 1859, John Stuart Mill's On Liberty is an exhaustive exploration of social and civic liberty, its limits, and its consequences. Mill's work is a classic of political liberalism that contains a rational justification of the freedom of the individual in opposition to the claims of the state. Drawing upon the empiricism of John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume and the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham, On Liberty defends the representative democracy as the culmination of society's progression from lower to higher stages, even as it recognizes one of the unique dangers of this type of government-namely, the "tyranny of the majority."Central to Mill's ideology is the harm principle-the idea that individual liberties should only be curtailed when they harm or interfere with the ability of others to exercise their own liberties. Unlike other liberal theorists, Mill did not rely upon theories of abstract rights to support his ideology, but rather grounded his philosophy in ideas of utility. As relevant to modern audiences as it was to Mill's Victorian readership, On Liberty is an enduring classic of political thought.

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