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Chernobyl de Serhii Plokhy
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Chernobyl (edició 2019)

de Serhii Plokhy (Autor)

MembresRessenyesPopularitatValoració mitjanaMencions
4961141,133 (4.12)20
A Chernobyl survivor and award-winning historian "mercilessly chronicles the absurdities of the Soviet system" in this "vividly empathetic" account of the worst nuclear accident in history (The Wall Street Journal). On the morning of April 26, 1986, Europe witnessed the worst nuclear disaster in history: the explosion of a reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Soviet Ukraine. Dozens died of radiation poisoning, fallout contaminated half the continent, and thousands fell ill. In Chernobyl, Serhii Plokhy draws on new sources to tell the dramatic stories of the firefighters, scientists, and soldiers who heroically extinguished the nuclear inferno. He lays bare the flaws of the Soviet nuclear industry, tracing the disaster to the authoritarian character of the Communist party rule, the regime's control over scientific information, and its emphasis on economic development over all else. Today, the risk of another Chernobyl looms in the mismanagement of nuclear power in the developing world. A moving and definitive account, Chernobyl is also an urgent call to action.… (més)
Membre:GavinArmstrong
Títol:Chernobyl
Autors:Serhii Plokhy (Autor)
Informació:Penguin Press (2019)
Col·leccions:La teva biblioteca
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Chernobyl: The History of a Nuclear Catastrophe de Serhii Plokhy

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Reading this book, you can't help but feel angry at the hiding of facts and wilful denial of the scale of the disaster by the Soviet authorities in the aftermath. But the book itself is well-written and easy to follow, even if the subject matter is hard. ( )
  mari_reads | Apr 14, 2022 |
Esta é a história da central nuclear de Chernobyl desde a sua construção à sua desativação. Em 26 de abril de 1986, às 13:23, um reator da Usina Nuclear de Chernobyl, na Ucrânia soviética, explodiu. Enquanto as autoridades tentavam entender o que havia acontecido, trabalhadores, engenheiros, bombeiros e aqueles que viviam na área foram abandonados ao seu destino. A explosão colocou o mundo à beira da aniquilação nuclear, contaminando mais da metade da Europa com a precipitação radioativa.
  LuisFragaSilva | Nov 9, 2020 |
Excellent, readable history of the personalities, science, and politics of the catastrophe involving both the Soviet Union and Ukraine by a Ukranian with mostly Ukrainian sources. ( )
  tmph | Sep 13, 2020 |
Phenomenal book showing just how close Europe came to becoming completely uninhabitable through a catastrophic combination of cost-cutting, maladministration, bad communication and bureaucracy. Saving the situation, real heroes stepped into the breach and through luck and sacrifice, saved much of the planet from man-made destruction. The story is well told and easy to follow, despite the many characters and institutions involved. ( )
1 vota Melthemadrilenian | Aug 30, 2020 |
This is a really interesting look into the Chernobyl catastrophe. I've read more technical analyses of what happened; this book is more of a sociological / political look into how the accident was able to occur. Between the Soviet system that rewarded deadlines more than quality work, and the system of silence that covered up anything that wasn't the best of news, I suppose it's a miracle that there was only ONE Chernobyl-sized accident.

What I found most interesting was that the other three reactors remained online for such a long time. I was always under the assumption that they shut down all four after the one reactor melted down. So I appreciated that this book included the analysis of Ukrainian independence and their need for the energy that the other three reactors were producing. ( )
  lemontwist | Aug 23, 2020 |
Es mostren 1-5 de 11 (següent | mostra-les totes)
Plokhy aims to replace the myth with history, drawing on newly released archive material and interviews with eyewitnesses. His narrative is thorough and well organized, but consensus is elusive. Those involved were working with different and often contradictory sets of facts, in the service of mutually incomprehensible agendas and ideologies ... As for the lessons to be learned from Chernobyl, Plokhy’s conclusion is anything but reassuring.
 
As an author, he is a brilliant interpreter not only of the events themselves but of their longer-term historical significance. Plokhy definitely has his head around all the science (there’s a two-page footnote on roentgen, bone marrow and gamma rays). But he manages it so comfortably that even the biggest science-phobe (ie me) is not put off. More importantly, he never loses sight of the human picture ... This history reads like an academic thriller written by Malcolm Gladwell. Without losing any detail or nuance, Plokhy has a knack for making complicated things simple while still profound. As moving as it is painstakingly researched, this book is a tour de force and a cracking read. No physics GCSE required.
afegit per Lemeritus | editaThe Guardian, Viv Groskop (May 20, 2018)
 
a lucid account of how the Soviet mania for nuclear power combined with endemic shoddiness in the industrial sector and near-paranoid habits of state secrecy led to the 1986 disaster ... Plokhy concentrates on the political fallout of Chernobyl in Ukraine, leaving little space for Russia and Belarus. This is a pity, because the political repercussions in Russia were far-reaching, while Belarus was by far the hardest-hit republic in terms of radioactive damage. But these do not detract from what is the most comprehensive, convincing history of Chernobyl yet to appear in English.
afegit per Lemeritus | editaWall Street Journal, Andrew Nagorski. Andrews (Web de pagament) (May 14, 2018)
 
The author concludes that even in the wake of Chernobyl, we have not gotten much better at containing meltdowns—consider Fukushima, still poisoning the Pacific—and need to cooperate to 'strengthen international control over the construction and exploitation of nuclear power stations.' A thoughtful study of catastrophe, unintended consequences, and, likely, nuclear calamities to come.
afegit per Lemeritus | editaKirkus Reviews (Mar 6, 2018)
 

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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
Serhii Plokhyautor primaritotes les edicionscalculat
Pugh, LeightonNarradorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
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There are eight of us on the trip to Chernobyl, marked on my Ukranian map as "Chornobyl." - Preface
Around 7 a.m. on April 28, 1986, Cliff Robinson, a twenty-nine-year old chemist working at the Forsmark Nuclear Power Plan two hours' drive from Stockholm, went to brush his teeth after breakfast. -Prologue
It was a big day - many in Moscow and throughout the Soviet Union believed that it signaled the dawn of a new era. -Chapter 1
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At least 50 million curies of radiation were released by the Chernobyl explosion, the equivalent of hundreds of Hiroshima bombs. All that was required for such catastrophic fallout was the escape of less than half of the reactor’s nuclear fuel. Originally it had contained close to 400,000 pounds of enriched uranium—enough to pollute and devastate a good part of Europe. And if the other three reactors of the Chernobyl power plant had been damaged by the explosion of the first, then hardly any living and breathing organisms would be left unaffected on the planet.
The accident marked the beginning of the end of the Soviet Union: a little more than five years later, the world superpower would fall apart, doomed not only by the albatross of its communist ideology but also by its dysfunctional managerial and economic systems.
In December 1991, when Ukrainians voted for their country’s independence, they also consigned the mighty Soviet Union to the dustbin of history—it was officially dissolved a few weeks after the Ukrainian referendum. While it would be wrong to attribute the development of glasnost in the Soviet Union, or the rise of the national movement in Ukraine and other republics, to the Chernobyl accident alone, the disaster’s impact on those interrelated processes can hardly be overstated.
In early modern times, the rule of Kyivan princes over the region was replaced by that of Lithuanian grand dukes, and then of Polish kings. The Cossacks claimed the territory in the mid-seventeenth century, but after a few years they had to cede it to the Poles. The town became the private property of local nobles and magnates.
In the mid-1920s, Kaganovich became the communist boss of Ukraine and presided over the policy of korenizatsiia, or indigenization, which put a temporary halt to the cultural Russification of the local population and promoted the development of Ukrainian and Jewish culture. As Stalin’s policies changed, however, so did the role that Kaganovich played in Ukraine. In the early 1930s, he became one of the main architects of the Holodomor, the great Ukrainian famine that took the lives of close to 4 million survivors of the revolution and the civil war and of the children who had been born to them in the years that followed. Some 1 million people died in the Kyiv region alone. In Kaganovich’s native district of Khabne, the death toll was 168 individuals per 1,000—the area was more than decimated.
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A Chernobyl survivor and award-winning historian "mercilessly chronicles the absurdities of the Soviet system" in this "vividly empathetic" account of the worst nuclear accident in history (The Wall Street Journal). On the morning of April 26, 1986, Europe witnessed the worst nuclear disaster in history: the explosion of a reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Soviet Ukraine. Dozens died of radiation poisoning, fallout contaminated half the continent, and thousands fell ill. In Chernobyl, Serhii Plokhy draws on new sources to tell the dramatic stories of the firefighters, scientists, and soldiers who heroically extinguished the nuclear inferno. He lays bare the flaws of the Soviet nuclear industry, tracing the disaster to the authoritarian character of the Communist party rule, the regime's control over scientific information, and its emphasis on economic development over all else. Today, the risk of another Chernobyl looms in the mismanagement of nuclear power in the developing world. A moving and definitive account, Chernobyl is also an urgent call to action.

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