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The Doctors Blackwell: How Two Pioneering…
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The Doctors Blackwell: How Two Pioneering Sisters Brought Medicine to… (2021 original; edició 2021)

de Janice P. Nimura (Autor)

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Membre:dewittlib
Títol:The Doctors Blackwell: How Two Pioneering Sisters Brought Medicine to Women and Women to Medicine
Autors:Janice P. Nimura (Autor)
Informació:W. W. Norton & Company (2021), Edition: 1, 336 pages
Col·leccions:La teva biblioteca
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The Doctors Blackwell: How Two Pioneering Sisters Brought Medicine to Women and Women to Medicine de Janice P. Nimura (2021)

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Elizabeth Blackwell was the fist woman graduate from the medical school in Geneva, New York to become the first female physician in the USA. Her younger sister Emily followed a few years later.
The Blackwell family, headed by Sam and Hannah left Bristol England in 1832 with their 8 children to establish a sugar refinery in New York. The family members were liberal thinkers, abolitionists and believers in equal rights for,
men and women. From this background, emerged children who were intelligent, confident, head strong and ambitious.
Elizabeth initially started out as a school teacher but found the work to be unrewarding. She tried to gain entry into several medical schools but was barred until she was accepted into the Geneva Medical school and granted a degree in 1854. She travelled to Europe and furthered her obstetrics training at la Maternité hospital in Paris. She was appalled at the hygienic conditions at the hospital and forever valued good hygiene and public health practices. Her return to the USA was less than positive as she had a great deal of difficulty attracting patients and financial support. However, in 1857 with her sister Emily and Dr. Maria Zakrzewska, a polish medical doctor, she established the New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children.
As the American Civil War broke out, the Blackwell sisters and nurses became part of the team that organized care for wounded American troops following the breakthroughs made by Florence Nightingale.
Elizabeth had some odd ideas about women and men. One imagines that would be a feminist but in many ways she wasn’t. She believed the caliber of women graduating from medical programs was low, that women shouldn’t need their own medical schools, and that women didn’t need suffrage until they became better educated in order to be better wives and mothers.
She eventually retired from her medical commitments but continued to promote her philosophy regarding public health and hygiene, family planning, equality, social reform and moral rectitude.
She adopted an 8 year old Irish orphan, Kitty Barry to be both a daughter and a servant. Kitty was to call Her Doctor. Not a lot is known about the relationship but Kitty was loyal to her adoptive mother and stayed by her side. She died in 1930.
Elizabeth Blackwell died in 1910 at her home in Sussex, England. ( )
  MaggieFlo | May 5, 2021 |
The story of the remarkable Blackwell sisters, pioneers in a field where they were the first women to be able to put M.D. after their names. Especially Elizabeth fought more battles than any person should have to to have her sex accepted into a field which was deemed only appropriate for men. Now, as is stated in the Coda of the book, more than half of med school students are women and 45% of doctors are women. Nimura brings the sisters Blackwell to the reader with meticulous research and wonderful stories that ensure anyone picking up The Doctor Sisters will have a clear understanding of the medical field of the 19th century as well as the path Elizabeth and Emily took to become a part of it. ( )
  DanDiercks | Apr 6, 2021 |
I enjoyed this dual biography of sisters Elizabeth and Emily Blackwell. Elizabeth Blackwell was the first woman to earn a medical degree in America in 1849. This was, of course, no easy road. Medical schools were not open to women so she had to fight her way in. But gaining the education may have been the easiest part, once you begin reading about her life trying to be recognized as a doctor. She encouraged her younger sister Emily to also pursue a career in medicine, partially to have an ally.

Elizabeth spent time in Paris, London, and America, finally opening a clinic for the poor in New York. Her beliefs in the benefits of hygiene, fresh air, and exercise above dubious medicines and harmful surgeries were definitely ahead of her time. She and Emily ran this clinic for decades. They later started a school for women to study medicine. Both had been against schools exclusively for women, believing they would be of lesser quality and preferring that women be allowed into the already existing schools available to men. Unfortunately, this wasn't happening, so they finally opened their own. Soon after the opening, Elizabeth departed permanently to London, first trying to continue her career (largely unsuccessfully) and then retiring to Scotland. Emily stayed to run the college.

Both sisters certainly paved the way for women to become doctors, not nurses or midwives only. This book was very readable and engaging and gives a good portrait of both women, Elizabeth predominantly. I've only skimmed the surface of what I learned from this book in this review. ( )
  japaul22 | Mar 27, 2021 |
Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States. Her younger sister, Emily, followed suit, and together the sisters opened an infirmary for women and children. While Emily proved to be the most natural practical physician, Elizabeth focused on the education of women in the area of sanitization and healthy lifestyles, what we would now call preventative medicine.

This book does a good job of describing the narrowest of paths Elizabeth had to follow to obtain a medical degree. Rejected by all traditional medical schools, she found a place at a small upstate New York medical school (it seems almost by accident), but later found it hard to get people to seek her services. Once her sister obtained her medical degree, the sisters worked together and opened a women's medical college and infirmary. Both sisters were somewhat disparaging of subsequent women who followed in their footsteps, in part due to their inherently strong personalities. Eventually Elizabeth moved back to England (where she was born and grew up), and Emily held up the fort, so to speak, in the United States. Despite their challenging personas, they made great contributions to opening the doors to women in the medical profession. ( )
1 vota peggybr | Feb 27, 2021 |
The Doctors Blackwell:How Two Pioneering Sisters Brought Medicine to Women and Women to Medicine by Janice P. Nimura is a Historical Biography and Memoirs. It is exciting to read about these women who were brave enough to become physicians at this time in history. I was amazed to read what the Doctors Blackwells accomplished in their lives. They provided services for others and society at great sacrifice in their own lives. I am sure the Blackwell sisters might have influenced my own 3rd Great Grandmother who became a Lady Doctor in 1861 and therefore many other family members who have followed in medicine.
An inspiring biography and history of the Faith and Spirit of two Women who made a difference in the world.
I received a complimentary copy of this book. Opinions expressed in this review are completely my own. I appreciate the opportunity and thank the author and publisher for allowing me to read, enjoy and review this book. 5 Stars ( )
  CassiesBooksReader | Jan 3, 2021 |
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The yellowed notebook is inscribed with perfectly straight lines of Elizabeth Blackwell's careful eleven-year-old penmanship.
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