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Communitas : means of livelihood and ways of…
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Communitas : means of livelihood and ways of life (1947 original; edició 1990)

de Percival Goodman (Autor), Paul Goodman (Autor), Paul Goldberger (Prefaci), Percival Goodman (Epíleg)

MembresRessenyesPopularitatValoració mitjanaMencions
1512146,221 (4.17)5
-- Lewis Mumford
Membre:Manas1000
Títol:Communitas : means of livelihood and ways of life
Autors:Percival Goodman (Autor)
Altres autors:Paul Goodman (Autor), Paul Goldberger (Prefaci), Percival Goodman (Epíleg)
Informació:New York : Columbia University Press, 1990.; orig. 1947
Col·leccions:La teva biblioteca
Valoració:
Etiquetes:consumer culture, social theory, utopia, urban planning, read, office

Informació de l'obra

Communitas; means of livelihood and ways of life de Percival Goodman (1947)

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Communitas ends with a quote from Michelet: "Initiation, education, and government -- these are three synonymous words." This essay is a thought-experiment in considering how things would change (in our minds, our culture, and yes, in the way we lay out our towns and cities) were we to emphasize the result any action has upon the community we have, and the type of person that emerges when placed in that community.

Overall the genius of the work emerges subtly, the immediate impression is of passionate advocates striving not to scare away potential converts, but without watering down their message. Primarily this is accomplished through dry humour and understated positions. It isn't all spelled out, and I suspect the prose easily could be twisted to say things opposite of their meaning, if the reader is so inclined. (I'm not, but I sense that could happen.)

There are gems to be found.
-- Concentration of industry is, contrary to conventional wisdom, not more efficient than decentralized production. First, because (the authors claim) it takes more resource to maintain and heat / air condition a huge warehouse than multiple smaller warehouses. And similar reasons. Second, "it is almost always cheaper to transport material than men." (83) Obvious now that it is stated, but that's where sprawl and traffic originate, transporting labor rather than the materials of labor.

After reviewing recent trends in planning, such as the green belt (isolating residences from production) and utopian efforts of Owens, etc (and critiquing them), the authors direct their gaze toward alternative values and ideals.

Three paradigms or "models for thinking about the possible relations of production and way of life". (218)

Scheme I: Efficient consumption as hallmark of a city, illustrated by a plan to completely renovate Manhattan with the commercial core running up the spine (i.e. directly through Central Park), and residences and garden / leisure space on the coasts. Allows most people to walk or bike to work, as they'd live parallel to their job in the center. Avoid large commutes either to work or for vacation / leisure; people live near their job.

Scheme II: Blend of farm and factory, effectively the ideals of a "mixed use" building code writ large into a community. Much redundancy but a community is nearly self-sufficient, goods are not shipped halfway 'round the world.

Scheme III: Planned security with minimum regulation, centering on the idea of splitting the economy into two. The subsistence economy guarantees the necessities of life by leveraging technology and productivity to provide food / shelter / clothing for all, at no "cost" (not purchased with money) except by perhaps a 10th of the year in mandatory labor. The luxury economy, then, is only if someone chooses to work in it, in order to get luxuries (which would include clothing apart from the uniform everyone gets, food beyond the unvaried nutritional minimum).

Intriguing. ( )
  elenchus | Mar 6, 2009 |
A critique of urban planning, and three proposals for organizing life and architecture in the future.

I appreciate that the authors presented their three proposals as just three ideas, and that each seemed like logical plans resulting from certain premises. I also like their demonstrations that your premises and biases determine the nature of your plan. Many urban planners assume that people should live in the city; a questionable assumption.

Well-written book, and easy to read. I'm no urban planner or architect, and I understood it fine. ( )
  BrentNewhall | May 12, 2008 |
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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
Percival Goodmanautor primaritotes les edicionscalculat
Goodman, Paulautor principaltotes les edicionsconfirmat
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