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The Last Days of Socrates

de Plato

Altres autors: Mira la secció altres autors.

MembresRessenyesPopularitatValoració mitjanaMencions
5,094211,687 (3.97)39
"Plato of Athens, who laid the foundations of the Western philosophical tradition and in range and depth ranks among its greatest practitioners, was born to a prosperous and politically active family circa 427 BC. In early life an admirer of Socrates, Plato later founded the first institution of higher learning in the West, the Academy, among whose many notable alumni was Aristotle. Traditionally ascribed to Plato are thirty-five dialogues developing Socrates' dialectic method and composed with great stylistic virtuosity, together with the Apology and thirteen letters. The four works in this volume recount the circumstances of Socrates' trial and execution in 399 BC. In Euthyphro, set in the weeks before the trial, Socrates and Euthyphro attempt to define holiness. In Apology, Socrates answers his accusers at trial and unapologetically defends his philosophical career. In Crito, a discussion of justice and injustice explains Socrates' refusal of Crito's offer to finance his escape from prison. And in Phaedo, Socrates discusses the concept of an afterlife and offers arguments for the immortality of the soul. This edition, which replaces the original Loeb edition by Harold North Fowler, offers text, translation, and annotation that are fully current with modern scholarship." -- Publisher's description… (més)
  1. 00
    The Plot to Save Socrates de Paul Levinson (infiniteletters)
    infiniteletters: It's fiction, and time travel, at that, but it's well done (and well researched). Just let the premise have its own time too.
  2. 00
    The Trial of Socrates de I. F. Stone (lilithcat)
    lilithcat: The radical iconoclastic journalist analyzes the politics behind Socrates' trial.
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Es mostren 1-5 de 21 (següent | mostra-les totes)
5/5, very impressive book and teaches us the ways of the Socratic method and shows us Socrates thinking of true happiness for a philosopher and how he was very calm about what is going on for him especially at the trials. Also quite a bit of comedic value during the trial and how Socrates essentially does quite mock the trial and talks with his own sense of thinking and ideas. tragic end but still interesting as to why he has chose that option and greatly debated his followers and their opinions on the matter. ( )
  thejobcentre | Aug 14, 2021 |
NA
  pszolovits | Feb 3, 2021 |
I'm glad I read this, however,the philosophy was heavy, but considering that this is about the execution of Socrates, the man who believed you can get to truth just by questioning everything, that is to be forgiven. I'm not going to say this was an enjoyable read, but it was illuminating. ( )
  TheDivineOomba | Jan 10, 2021 |
"I ask you to examine with me, gentlemen, the line of reasoning which leads me to this conclusion." (pg. 57)

A foundational text of Western thought, Plato's account of the final days of his teacher, Socrates, shows exactly why the philosopher was so admired. The Last Days of Socrates comprises four short books, or chapters: the 'Euthyphro', which discusses his upcoming trial for what looks, to modern ears, uncannily like wrongthink (and peer envy), the 'Apology', his eloquent rhetoric in court, and the 'Crito' and 'Phaedo', in which the condemned man – soon to be executed by ingesting hemlock – explains to his friends the reason for his magnanimity in face of unjust death.

The 'Euthyphro' establishes Socrates' character and the 'Apology' is the crown jewel; 'Crito' is over before you know it and the long 'Phaedo' is where it gets really heavy into the abstract ideas. The latter becomes particularly fatiguing but, throughout the book, the famous 'Socratic dialogue' format helps relieve the density of some of the philosophic discourse. All four of the books show Socrates acting with composure, integrity and, surprisingly, irreverence; the archetypal wise man that centuries of rationalists, philosophers and logicians have compared themselves against. His greatest example, in my opinion, is not in how he faced death but in his lack of dogma; by appealing to cold logic – or warm logic – he lets his audience decide for themselves, and when this verdict is in, each reader sees just why he has outlasted his petty enemies.

"If I am any more convincing in my defence to you than I was to my Athenian jury, I shall be satisfied." (pg. 116) ( )
1 vota MikeFutcher | Aug 31, 2020 |
Sokrates'in Savunması bitti. Aslında Platon'un Devlet adlı eserini okumayı planlıyordum ama Sokrates'in Savunması eserinin, yazarın hocası Sokrates etkisinde kalarak yazdığı bir eser olduğu için Platon'a ilk bu eserle başlamanın daha doğru olduğu ile ilgili makaleler okuduğum için Sokrates'in Savunması'nda karar kıldım.

Sokrates'in Savunması 3 diyalogdan ve Sokrates'in mahkemede kendisini savunduğu konuşmasının yazıya geçirilen metninden oluşuyor, yani aslında birbiriyle bağlantısı olan 4 farklı kitaptan oluşuyor.

Euthyphron diyaloğu Sokrates'in mahkeme önünde karşılaştığı bağnaz bir kişi olan Euthyphron ile dindarlık üzerine yaptığı konuşmadan bahseder. Genel olarak tatmin edici olsa da kitabın diğer bölümlerine nazaran daha sönük kalmıştır.
Aşağıdaki kısımlarda spoiler bulunan ifadeler yer almaktadır!!!


Apologia veya Sokrates'in Savunması olarak adlandırılan bölüm, gençleri yozlaştırdığı ve şehrin Tanrı'larına tapmadığı suçlamasıyla ölümle yargılandığı davada Sokrates'in yaptığı konuşmadır. Sokrates mükemmel bir konuşmayla kendini savunduğu halde yargıçların Sokrates'i ölüme mahkum etmesi Antik Atina Şehri'nin ne kadar yozlaşmış olduğunu gözler önüne seriyor.

Kriton kitabın en kısa bölümü olmasına rağmen çok etkileyici bir ölüm. Sokrates'in öğrencisi ve arkadaşı olan Kriton'un Sokrates'i hapisten kaçmaya ikna etmeye çalıştığı konuşmayı konu almaktadır.

Phaidon diyaloğu kitabın sonuncu ve en uzun bölümüdür. Diğer bölümlerden çok daha sonra yazıldığı için kendisini belli eden bir yapıya sahip, aynı zamanda kitabın en iyi bölümüdür. Sokrates'in öldüğü gün arkadaşlarıyla ruhun varlığı hakkında yaptığı konuşması ve son sözlerdir.

Kitabın çevirisi çok iyiydi. Kitapta editörsel bir hata olmasada kitabın bazı sayfalarında yazılar biraz kaymıştı. ( )
  Tobizume | Jun 9, 2020 |
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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
PlatoAutorautor primaritotes les edicionsconfirmat
Church, F.J.Traductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Feldhūns, ĀbramsTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Jowett, BenjaminTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Tarrant, HaroldTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Treddenick, HughTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
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Introduction

The fifth century before Christ was a period of extraordinary activity and achievement in the Greek world.
Socrates in action

Outside the court-house where he is shortly to stand his trial Socrates meets Euthyphro, a seer and religious expert, who says that he is going to charge his own father with manslaughter. . . . The result is a discussion of the true nature of Piety.
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It never entered my head that a man who asserted that the ordering of things is due to Mind would offer any other explanation for them than that it is best for them to be as they are.
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This work includes four of Plato's dialogues: Euthyphro, The Apology (a.k.a. The Defense of Socrates), Crito, and Phaedo. There is another edition of Last Days... which has only three of the dialogues, and which should not be combined with the present work.
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Wikipedia en anglès (2)

"Plato of Athens, who laid the foundations of the Western philosophical tradition and in range and depth ranks among its greatest practitioners, was born to a prosperous and politically active family circa 427 BC. In early life an admirer of Socrates, Plato later founded the first institution of higher learning in the West, the Academy, among whose many notable alumni was Aristotle. Traditionally ascribed to Plato are thirty-five dialogues developing Socrates' dialectic method and composed with great stylistic virtuosity, together with the Apology and thirteen letters. The four works in this volume recount the circumstances of Socrates' trial and execution in 399 BC. In Euthyphro, set in the weeks before the trial, Socrates and Euthyphro attempt to define holiness. In Apology, Socrates answers his accusers at trial and unapologetically defends his philosophical career. In Crito, a discussion of justice and injustice explains Socrates' refusal of Crito's offer to finance his escape from prison. And in Phaedo, Socrates discusses the concept of an afterlife and offers arguments for the immortality of the soul. This edition, which replaces the original Loeb edition by Harold North Fowler, offers text, translation, and annotation that are fully current with modern scholarship." -- Publisher's description

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