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Banker to the Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty (2003)

de Muhammad Yunus

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In 1983, Muhammad Yunus established Grameen, a bank devoted to providing the poorest of Bangladesh with miniscule loans. Based on the belief that credit is a basic human right, not the privilege of a few, Grameen Bank now provides over 2.5 billion dollars of micro-loans to more than two million families in rural Bangladesh. Ninety-four percent of Yunus's clients are women, and repayment rates are nearly 100 percent. It was an idea born on a day in 1976 when he loaned $27 from his own pocket to forty-two stool makers living in a tiny village. Banker to the Poor is Muhammad Yunus's memoir of how he changed his life to help the world's poor. In it he traces the journey that led him to rethink the economic relationship between rich and poor and recounts the challenges he and his colleagues faced in founding Grameen.… (més)
  1. 00
    The Blue Sweater de Jacqueline Novogratz (espertus)
    espertus: Both are inspiring accounts of the growth of organizations that harness market forces to empower impoverished people to improve their own lives.
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Subtitled about micro-lending, I expected the book might be something of a dry economic treatice on banking. However, quite the contrary, the book was an engaging story of how Muhammad Yunus, an economic professor in Bangladesh in the 1970's, took small steps to improve the status of the poor villagers near his school. This eventually led to the forming of the Grameen Bank which has become a major source of poverty elimination and has loaned billions to the poor. The results are near-unbelievable, and resulted in his receipt of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize.

His efforts began with his effort to do more than lecture on economic theory and actually bring economic benefit to his country. His volunteers idenfied a local example of a village woman who scraped by in life making bamboo stools. But she needed to borrow money for supplies, and then had to pay back that money after her labor, leaving only pennies for herself and her children. The cycle continued on a daily basis. By lending her the money she needed for supplies out of his own pocket, she was able to keep the profits for herself, gradually earning enough to break free of the money-lender and raise her family from total poverty. Through this beginning, he found support to loan very small amounts of money to very poor people, enabling them to become self-employed instead of giving most of the money earned to the middlemen. He chose to deal with the very poorest in his native Bangladesh, and almost exclusively with women, who had the fewest opportunities for success in this society.

The Peace Prize he was awarded recognized that lasting peace can not be achieved unless large population groups find ways in which to break out of poverty. Micro-credit is one such means. Development from below also serves to advance democracy and human rights.

The book describes how micro-lending has succeeded from this small beginning, and benefited millions, not only in Bangladesh, but also in many countries around the world. He also was invited to the U.S. and intiated efforts during the Clinton years, although the initial efforts were not easy given the background of welfare and charity in this country. He shows the harmful side of a welfare mentality in this country, and how small financial backing to individuals can be a liberating force and bring economic benefit. He also shows how these efforts, while socially responsible and be profitable for banks as well. I found this to be a very enlightening book.
( )
  rsutto22 | Jul 15, 2021 |
Very inspiring story by Muhammad Yunus about his Grameen Bank and how micro-lending improved millions of lives in Bangladesh and around the world. A truly inspiring story of socially engaged entrepreneurship. ( )
  remouherek | Feb 24, 2020 |
by the recent Nobel Prize winner Muhamad Yunus
founder of the Grameen Bank



On Pages 140 - 147, Dr. Yunus describes setting up the Tangail branch of Grameen bank, and how the terrorist situation made it very dangerous. In the end the presence of the bank directly contributed to the safety and lessening of terrorist activity in that province.



Elsewhere he mentions that job applicants in Bangladesh had to pay an application fee and another fee to have a job interview! Talk about participating in your own exploitation. How to get around such a practice?
(When I was in Turkey we had to list photos and age on our CV, which is also participating in your own exploitation as I think on it now...)


P. 206 - 207
The Proud Cherokee!! Now I see where my mother got her 'Chief Joseph look' from!!! She would drive me crazy as a small child trying to argue with her, and all she would do was fold her arms and go 'stoney-faced' like the Cherokee women he spoke to in Oklahoma. I always knew then that 1. she was imitating her mother, my grandmother, and 2. I was not going to get another word out of her! Ok, now I see that we've got it honest...


note...
p. 16-17 waste & deception of aid
(renting gov. official-owned places ; Foreign aid budget -> employ & sell own ppl and goods...)

p. 23 aid -> dependency & 'good at negotiating for more aid'

p. 66 waste of deep tubewells: no link to end-user

p. 69 obj. to 'small farmer' 1. male issues only (wow-for a man to say or think of this is amazing!!)
2. 1/5 time = agric. so 80% of time not farming

p. 70 must diff. really poor vs. farmers
p. 71-3 defs/groups: p1 == bottom 20%, p2 ,p3 -cannot help poor & non-poor: poor "elbowed out" by less poor

p. 71 each country needs its own def. of 'poor'

p. 81 'banking untouchables'
p. 88 credit to women -> faster change
p. 91 Grameen req. women to get title to land
p. 92 wife-beating lower
p. 110 (1st pag f ch. 14) -no legal/police/ paperwork
p. 119 Grameen is shareholder/borrower owned
p. 120 TRUST; all borrowers start below poverty line
-poverty in national context

p. 142 takes ~ 2 years to find structural faults
p. 148 eng a social rev.
p 154 / 155 -micro-credit prevents terrorism

p. 157-9 natural distasters not show-stopper
p. 178 9/13 board members illiterate (borrowers)
p. 182 Turkey had non mc in 1998 [[they do now...]]]
p. 190 'charity' -> wage slavery 'can be a prison.'
p. 191 WSEP, Chicago
p. 193 credit -social change

p. 210 RESULTS (Sam Daley-Harris) & CBS 'Sixty Minutes'

chapter 27 1st page: P. 213 "The market always pushes things onto the side of the powerful."

[[but he is not at all anti-mkt...]]]

p. 215 'the dole...robs them...of self-respect'
'poverty...is created by the structures of society'

[[[but participating in it can be a vote for legitimating it... imho]]]


p. 216 -Yunus believes in competition
[[[Yunus (imho) is wrong to say 'competition is the driving...' since we've got good evidence that cooperation works even inside of competition (look at the cartels...)]]]

p. 214 social-consciousness-driven
p. 216 Yunus is right "all human beings are potential entrepreneurs."

p. 217 (accountable maximization) -Barnes would disagree with Yunus: says 2 item max. basket, since can only max. 1 thing effectively...
[[hmmm...]]

p. 219 imho cooperation more effective than compe.
p. 220 defines development via bottom 25% qualies

P. 221 GramenPhone, Grameen Shakti (Energy)
-judge a society by lowest percentile
[[as Ros quoted ...Rawls??? ... on "judge a society by how it treats it's most vulnerable" ]]


p. 224 refs David Bornstein (1996) 'The Price of a Dream'
p. 226 -'The poor work for the benefit of someone who controls the productive assets.'
-unless other help intervenes or they cooperate

P. 228 Frederiko Mayor -UNESCO
to help Grameen Shikkha (Education)
P. 232 Grameen families lower birthrates

Chapter 31 (p. 233) SELF-EMPLOY !!!

p. 234 -back to social theoretical framework
credit -> economic power -> social power
-credit as human right
P. 235 micro-econ. theory w/lbr & capital -firm leaves no self employment

p. 236 econ. denigrate 'informal sector'
p. 246 health care essential
p. 250 mkt: GrameenCheck & Flannel
[[ok, Joe was right, Yunus did create a market...]]]
p. 258 fisheries, etc; Need direction to prevent rich incr.

p. 284 Clinton nixed welfare to help the poor??

P. 285 not true: info. is restricted!!

YES!! -P. 286 1. access to a. credit b. info. c. mkts
2. no passports or visas
Read, Write, Dream, Teach !

ShiraDest
19 February, 12016 HE
( )
  FourFreedoms | May 17, 2019 |
by the recent Nobel Prize winner Muhamad Yunus
founder of the Grameen Bank



On Pages 140 - 147, Dr. Yunus describes setting up the Tangail branch of Grameen bank, and how the terrorist situation made it very dangerous. In the end the presence of the bank directly contributed to the safety and lessening of terrorist activity in that province.



Elsewhere he mentions that job applicants in Bangladesh had to pay an application fee and another fee to have a job interview! Talk about participating in your own exploitation. How to get around such a practice?
(When I was in Turkey we had to list photos and age on our CV, which is also participating in your own exploitation as I think on it now...)


P. 206 - 207
The Proud Cherokee!! Now I see where my mother got her 'Chief Joseph look' from!!! She would drive me crazy as a small child trying to argue with her, and all she would do was fold her arms and go 'stoney-faced' like the Cherokee women he spoke to in Oklahoma. I always knew then that 1. she was imitating her mother, my grandmother, and 2. I was not going to get another word out of her! Ok, now I see that we've got it honest...


note...
p. 16-17 waste & deception of aid
(renting gov. official-owned places ; Foreign aid budget -> employ & sell own ppl and goods...)

p. 23 aid -> dependency & 'good at negotiating for more aid'

p. 66 waste of deep tubewells: no link to end-user

p. 69 obj. to 'small farmer' 1. male issues only (wow-for a man to say or think of this is amazing!!)
2. 1/5 time = agric. so 80% of time not farming

p. 70 must diff. really poor vs. farmers
p. 71-3 defs/groups: p1 == bottom 20%, p2 ,p3 -cannot help poor & non-poor: poor "elbowed out" by less poor

p. 71 each country needs its own def. of 'poor'

p. 81 'banking untouchables'
p. 88 credit to women -> faster change
p. 91 Grameen req. women to get title to land
p. 92 wife-beating lower
p. 110 (1st pag f ch. 14) -no legal/police/ paperwork
p. 119 Grameen is shareholder/borrower owned
p. 120 TRUST; all borrowers start below poverty line
-poverty in national context

p. 142 takes ~ 2 years to find structural faults
p. 148 eng a social rev.
p 154 / 155 -micro-credit prevents terrorism

p. 157-9 natural distasters not show-stopper
p. 178 9/13 board members illiterate (borrowers)
p. 182 Turkey had non mc in 1998 [[they do now...]]]
p. 190 'charity' -> wage slavery 'can be a prison.'
p. 191 WSEP, Chicago
p. 193 credit -social change

p. 210 RESULTS (Sam Daley-Harris) & CBS 'Sixty Minutes'

chapter 27 1st page: P. 213 "The market always pushes things onto the side of the powerful."

[[but he is not at all anti-mkt...]]]

p. 215 'the dole...robs them...of self-respect'
'poverty...is created by the structures of society'

[[[but participating in it can be a vote for legitimating it... imho]]]


p. 216 -Yunus believes in competition
[[[Yunus (imho) is wrong to say 'competition is the driving...' since we've got good evidence that cooperation works even inside of competition (look at the cartels...)]]]

p. 214 social-consciousness-driven
p. 216 Yunus is right "all human beings are potential entrepreneurs."

p. 217 (accountable maximization) -Barnes would disagree with Yunus: says 2 item max. basket, since can only max. 1 thing effectively...
[[hmmm...]]

p. 219 imho cooperation more effective than compe.
p. 220 defines development via bottom 25% qualies

P. 221 GramenPhone, Grameen Shakti (Energy)
-judge a society by lowest percentile
[[as Ros quoted ...Rawls??? ... on "judge a society by how it treats it's most vulnerable" ]]


p. 224 refs David Bornstein (1996) 'The Price of a Dream'
p. 226 -'The poor work for the benefit of someone who controls the productive assets.'
-unless other help intervenes or they cooperate

P. 228 Frederiko Mayor -UNESCO
to help Grameen Shikkha (Education)
P. 232 Grameen families lower birthrates

Chapter 31 (p. 233) SELF-EMPLOY !!!

p. 234 -back to social theoretical framework
credit -> economic power -> social power
-credit as human right
P. 235 micro-econ. theory w/lbr & capital -firm leaves no self employment

p. 236 econ. denigrate 'informal sector'
p. 246 health care essential
p. 250 mkt: GrameenCheck & Flannel
[[ok, Joe was right, Yunus did create a market...]]]
p. 258 fisheries, etc; Need direction to prevent rich incr.

p. 284 Clinton nixed welfare to help the poor??

P. 285 not true: info. is restricted!!

YES!! -P. 286 1. access to a. credit b. info. c. mkts
2. no passports or visas
Read, Write, Dream, Teach !

ShiraDest
19 February, 12016 HE
( )
  ShiraDest | Mar 6, 2019 |
hi
  Carol_CiCibaby | Mar 16, 2017 |
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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
Muhammad Yunusautor primaritotes les edicionscalculat
Porter, RayNarradorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Has d'iniciar sessió per poder modificar les dades del coneixement compartit.
Si et cal més ajuda, mira la pàgina d'ajuda del coneixement compartit.
Títol normalitzat
Informació del coneixement compartit en anglès. Modifica-la per localitzar-la a la teva llengua.
Títol original
Títols alternatius
Data original de publicació
Gent/Personatges
Informació del coneixement compartit en anglès. Modifica-la per localitzar-la a la teva llengua.
Llocs importants
Informació del coneixement compartit en anglès. Modifica-la per localitzar-la a la teva llengua.
Esdeveniments importants
Pel·lícules relacionades
Premis i honors
Informació del coneixement compartit en anglès. Modifica-la per localitzar-la a la teva llengua.
Epígraf
Dedicatòria
Primeres paraules
Informació del coneixement compartit en anglès. Modifica-la per localitzar-la a la teva llengua.
Chittagong, the largest port in Bangladesh, is a commercial city of 3 million people.
Citacions
Darreres paraules
Informació del coneixement compartit en anglès. Modifica-la per localitzar-la a la teva llengua.
Nota de desambiguació
Editor de l'editorial
Creadors de notes promocionals a la coberta
Informació del coneixement compartit en anglès. Modifica-la per localitzar-la a la teva llengua.
Llengua original
CDD/SMD canònics
LCC canònic
In 1983, Muhammad Yunus established Grameen, a bank devoted to providing the poorest of Bangladesh with miniscule loans. Based on the belief that credit is a basic human right, not the privilege of a few, Grameen Bank now provides over 2.5 billion dollars of micro-loans to more than two million families in rural Bangladesh. Ninety-four percent of Yunus's clients are women, and repayment rates are nearly 100 percent. It was an idea born on a day in 1976 when he loaned $27 from his own pocket to forty-two stool makers living in a tiny village. Banker to the Poor is Muhammad Yunus's memoir of how he changed his life to help the world's poor. In it he traces the journey that led him to rethink the economic relationship between rich and poor and recounts the challenges he and his colleagues faced in founding Grameen.

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