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Two Treatises of Government (1689)

de John Locke

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Published in 1690, Locke's works were immensely influential in the politics of the eighteenth and nineteenth century, and provided the foundation for liberal democracy.
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    Ramp Hollow: The Ordeal of Appalachia de Steven Stoll (M_Clark)
    M_Clark: Locke's theory of property is based upon the value-add provided to land by the person taking possession. It is therefore interesting to read Stoll's book describe how the land in Appalachia was owned by people that had not even visited it who then threw off the original settlers that had improved the land. One of those absentee landlords was, interestingly enough, George Washington. Of course, all of the European settlers in American used Locke's rational to toss the Indians off of their land since they felt, incorrectly, that the Indians had not done anything to improve the land justifying its takeover by Europeans.… (més)
  2. 00
    Debt: The First 5,000 Years de David Graeber (M_Clark)
    M_Clark: Graeber's book provides a more anthropological based explanation for the development of money, debt, taxation and government. It paints Locke's ideas about the evolution of government as closer to fantasy.
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Originally published in the wake of the Glorious Revolution these two essays were neglected due to a glut of tracts and treatise in support of the events of 1689-90, it wasn’t until the 1760s that they become important in political discourse. Two Treatise of Government by John Locke were a refutation of absolute monarchy and the theory of the state of nature and how government is created.

The less famous First Treatise is a straight line for line critique of Sir Robert Filmer’s divine right absolutist monarch supporting tract, Patriarcha, the conclusion of which Locke examines the Bible and history to demolish Filmer’s hypothesis. In the Second Treatise Locke turns from Filmer’s work into his own theories of the state of nature and how it eventually led to the formation of a government by contract between individuals. Overall, the First Treatise is slog with Locke apparently having to repeat the same evidence to refute Filmer and essentially isn’t needed to understand its follow-up. On the other hand, the Second Treatise begins slowly as Locke references Filmer until transition to his own theory of the state of nature that leads to his own contract theory that is thought-provoking and historically influential.

Two Treatise of Government while being connected as a refutation and then opposing argument, the latter work by John Locke this is more profound not only as political theory and from an historical perspective. ( )
  mattries37315 | Jun 22, 2022 |
The work may be considered a response to the political situation as it existed in England at the time of the exclusion controversy—the debate over whether a law could be passed to forbid (exclude) the succession of James, the Roman Catholic brother of King Charles II (reigned 1660–85), to the English throne—though its message was of much more lasting significance. Locke strongly supported exclusion. In the preface to the work, composed at a later date, he makes clear that the arguments of the two treatises are continuous and that the whole constitutes a justification of the Glorious Revolution, which deposed James (who reigned, as James II, from 1685 to 1688) and brought the Protestant William III and Mary II to the throne.

It should be noted that Locke’s political philosophy was guided by his deeply held religious commitments. Throughout his life he accepted the existence of a creating God and the notion that all humans are God’s servants in virtue of that relationship. God created humans for a certain purpose, namely to live a life according to his laws and thus to inherit eternal salvation; most importantly for Locke’s philosophy, God gave humans just those intellectual and other abilities necessary to achieve this end. Thus, humans, using the capacity of reason, are able to discover that God exists, to identify God’s laws and the duties they entail, and to acquire sufficient knowledge to perform their duties and thereby to lead happy and successful lives. They can come to recognize that some actions, such as failing to care for one’s offspring or to keep one’s contracts, are morally reprehensible and contrary to natural law, which is identical to the law of God. Other specific moral laws can be discovered or known only through revelation.

The essentially Protestant Christian framework of Locke’s philosophy meant that his attitude toward Roman Catholicism would always be hostile. He rejected the claim of papal infallibility (how could it ever be proved?), and he feared the political dimensions of Catholicism as a threat to English autonomy, especially after King Louis XIV of France in 1685 revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had granted religious liberty to the Protestant Huguenots. ( )
  Marcos_Augusto | Jan 20, 2022 |
Skimmed over most of it, read parts in full ( )
  mdibaiee | Sep 23, 2021 |
  hpryor | Aug 8, 2021 |
A lot of it is wasted on pointless argumentation about what exactly does the Bible say about the right to rule. There's a lot of Bible quoting and it doesn't get sensible until halfway through. The rest of it is groundbreaking nevertheless quite common sense nowadays. Except the bit about rulers not being allowed to appoint other rulers who were not elected directly by the people and ceding any law making power to them. Sounds like what is annoying people about the EU. ( )
  Paul_S | Dec 23, 2020 |
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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
John Lockeautor primaritotes les edicionscalculat
Carpenter, W. S.Introduccióautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Deitschmann, CraigNarradorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Langton, JamesNarradorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
LaPierre, Wayne R.Introduccióautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Laslett, PeterIntroduccióautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Laslett, PeterEditorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
McElroy, WendyEditorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
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Published in 1690, Locke's works were immensely influential in the politics of the eighteenth and nineteenth century, and provided the foundation for liberal democracy.

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