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Epopeia de Guilgameix

de Gilgamesh Poet

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9,869119759 (3.78)2 / 186
The story of Gilgamesh, an ancient epic poem written on clay tablets in a cuneiform alphabet, is as fascinating and moving as it is crucial to our ability to fathom the time and the place in which it was written. Gardner's version restores the poetry of the text and the lyricism that is lost in the earlier, almost scientific renderings. The principal theme of the poem is a familiar one: man's persistent and hopeless quest for immortality. It tells of the heroic exploits of an ancient ruler of the walled city of Uruk named Gilgamesh. Included in its story is an account of the Flood that predates the Biblical version by centuries. Gilgamesh and his companion, a wild man of the woods named Enkidu, fight monsters and demonic powers in search of honor and lasting fame. When Enkidu is put to death by the vengeful goddess Ishtar, Gilgamesh travels to the underworld to find an answer to his grief and confront the question of mortality.… (més)
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The original story of martial love between men. Yes, it's about dealing with death too and it's a fun story, but the Odyssey is much more varied and contains many tropes that are still used today. Nevertheless, because of it predates the Odyssey and it's short, reading Gilgamesh is a high value. In addition, this edition provides solid background material on the history of the development of the epic and like most ancient writings, different parts of it were written and different times and some parts lost--thus, the modern story is at-best a piecing together of these historical documents and making some educated guesses (not to mention the difficulties of translation) as well as couching them in our modern trappings. ( )
  quantum.alex | Nov 18, 2023 |
My favorite part is when they held hands. ( )
1 vota stravinsky | Jul 21, 2023 |
This Penguin Classic, contains the Epic ( or as much as was known in 1999), and the expected explanatory notes and appendices, but also contains differing versions that have been discovered that come from the Sumerian, Babylonian and Akkadian eras.
While not a page turner as such, especially with many missing passages, it is impressive as the first known piece of literature and the depth of story covered. Gilgamesh not only performs heroic deeds, supporting his elevation to a minor deity on his death but also covers the requirements of a good ruler and the meaning to life and death.
Additionally, the pic gives some insight into these ancient civilisations which had such an influence on others, even leading to our own, and makes this a worthwhile read. It is even interesting to see echoes of this epic in Greek mythology as well as the Old Testament.
The Penguin classic with its explanatory notes is recommended, as a reader may overlook some important aspects without them, especially due to the fragmentary nature of the epic. ( )
  Daniel_M_Oz | Jul 19, 2023 |
I can't comment on the translation, this being the only version I've read. It's interesting to read this after having recently read The Odyssey - there are some common elements that stand out, especially the visit to the Underworld and meeting with the spirits of the dead. I would like to do more reading about the links between this, Homer, and the Bible. Gilgamesh meets a man who is the Sumerian Noah - which shows that the Great Flood of Genesis is also present in other traditions. ( )
  jonbrammer | Jul 1, 2023 |
L'epopea di Gilgamesh si è rivelata molto diversa da come me l'immaginavo. Io, forse con troppa naif-ità mi aspettavo un'impresa eroica stile epica greca. Invece il nostro seppure semidio si comporta tutt'altro che da tale. È un anti-eroe, che fallisce e quando non lo fa è solo grazie all'appoggio suo fedele amico Enkidu. Gilgamesh è un semidio che è ossessionato dall'idea di morire dimenticato, e questo è il suo unico successo: ancora oggi parliamo e leggiamo di lui. La cosa più affascinante, che per me è rappresentativa dell'originalità di questo racconto, è la struttura anti-climax del tutto. Ogni volta che ci si aspetta una sopraffazione di Gilgamesh sulle avversità del fato, ecco invece che la narrazione vira verso conclusioni veramente inaspettate. L'esempio più eclatante è alla sua prima prova di forza contro il guardiano della foresta. Dopo pagine e pagine di un viaggio il nostro è di fronte alla bestia e... si addormenta. Ho riso per 5 minuti netti. Ma a ben pensarci... chi non lo farebbe, semidio o no, dopo giorni e giorni di viaggio?!
Altro aspetto assolutamente inaspettato per me è stato quello della cattiveria degli dei, della loro puerile isteria, in questo ricorda molto il Dio dell'antico testamento, che agisce più per ripicca che per altro, come agiscono per ripicca anche questi "Dei vicini". Anche da questo punto di vista il testo è assolutamente affascinante, l'impossibilità del genere umano di comprendere l'atteggiamento ermetico del divino.
Valutazione 4 ( )
  AsdMinghe | Jun 4, 2023 |
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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
Gilgamesh Poetautor primaritotes les edicionsconfirmat
Burckhardt, GeorgTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Ferry, DavidTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Feyter, Theo deTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Gardner, JohnTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Guidall, GeorgeNarradorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Hämeen-Anttila, JaakkoTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Henshaw, Richard A.Traductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Jastrow, MorrisEditorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Kantola, TainaTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Kapheim, ThomIl·lustradorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Kovacs, Maureen GalleryTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Maier, JohnTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Marks, John H.Epílegautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Mason, HerbertTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Maul, Stefan M.Traductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Mitchell, StephenTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Muss-Arnolt, WilliamTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Pasco, RichardNarradorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Salonen, ArmasTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Sandars, N. K.Traductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Sîn-lēqi-unninniEditorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Schott, AlbertTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Soden, Wolfram vonTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Thompson, Reginald CampbellTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Vanstiphout, HermanTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Warring, LennartTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Westerman, FrankEpílegautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat

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I will proclaim to the world the deeds of Gilgamesh. ...

trans. N.K. Sandars (1960)
It is an old story
But one that can still be told
About a man who loved
And lost a friend to death
And learned he lacked the power
To bring him back to life.

trans. Mason (1972)
The Story
of him who knew the most of all men know;
who made the journey; heartbroken; reconciled;

who knew the way things were before the Flood,
the secret things, the mystery; who went

to the end of the earth, and over; who returned,
and wrote the story on a tablet of stone.

trans. Ferry (1992)
He who saw the Deep, the country's foundation,
    (who) knew . . . , was wise in all matters!
(Gilgamesh, who) saw the Deep, the country's foundation
   (who) knew . . . , was wise in all matters!

(He) . . . everywhere . . .
   and (learnt) of everything the sum of wisdom. 
He saw what was secret, discovered what was hidden. 
   he brought back a tale of before the Deluge.

trans. George (1999) 
He had seen everything, had experienced all emotions,
from exaltation to despair, had been granted a vision
into the great mystery, the secret places,
the primeval days before the Flood. ...

trans. Mitchell (2004)
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To be sure, the lonely frustrations of the survivors is the same after every death, immorally or otherwise caused. And everyone is wise in saying, There is nothing you can do; but such wisdom does not reconcile any of us really to loss, for we knew the other as a person in himself not as an abstraction we could do without. We lost the one who we didn't realize enabled us to live in other people's worlds; now we have only our own private world and the almost herculean task of constructing a human reentry. [...]

Two friends in Paris helped me to understand two essential ingredients of Wisdom, the third ingredient being acceptance, referred to before, which one can only come by within oneself on one's return.

(Herbert Mason's Afterword to the Mariner edition, pp. 110-111)
(Utnapishtim speaking to Gilgamesh) [...]I would grieve
At all that may befall you still
If I did not know you must return
And bury your own loss and build
Your world anew with your own hands.

(from the Herbert Mason translation)
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This work is any complete, unabridged translation of the Standard Version of The Epic of Gilgamesh. To quote the FAQ on combining - "A work brings together all different copies of a book, regardless of edition, title variation, or language." Translations of the Old Babylonian Versions should remain separate, as should translations of the early Sumerian Gilgamesh stories and poems from which the epic came to be.
Based on currently accepted LibraryThing convention, the Norton Critical Edition is treated as a separate work, ostensibly due to the extensive additional, original material included.
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The story of Gilgamesh, an ancient epic poem written on clay tablets in a cuneiform alphabet, is as fascinating and moving as it is crucial to our ability to fathom the time and the place in which it was written. Gardner's version restores the poetry of the text and the lyricism that is lost in the earlier, almost scientific renderings. The principal theme of the poem is a familiar one: man's persistent and hopeless quest for immortality. It tells of the heroic exploits of an ancient ruler of the walled city of Uruk named Gilgamesh. Included in its story is an account of the Flood that predates the Biblical version by centuries. Gilgamesh and his companion, a wild man of the woods named Enkidu, fight monsters and demonic powers in search of honor and lasting fame. When Enkidu is put to death by the vengeful goddess Ishtar, Gilgamesh travels to the underworld to find an answer to his grief and confront the question of mortality.

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