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The Logic of Scientific Discovery (Routledge…
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The Logic of Scientific Discovery (Routledge Classics) (Volume 56) (1934 original; edició 2002)

de Karl Popper (Autor)

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Described by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such asnbsp;the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as post-war philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day.… (més)
Membre:trishrobertsmiller
Títol:The Logic of Scientific Discovery (Routledge Classics) (Volume 56)
Autors:Karl Popper (Autor)
Informació:Routledge (2002), Edition: 2, 544 pages
Col·leccions:La teva biblioteca
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La Lògica de la investigació científica de Karl R. Popper (Author) (1934)

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This is not for the general reader, even one particularly interested in philosophy or science, as am I. It addresses the philosophy of science in a manner similar to Wittgenstein's later characterization of his "Philosophical Investigations" as his attempts to untangle various confusions besetting discourse in that field.

Popper's tools are largely formalizations of scientific process and interpretation. This tends to give it somewhat the flavor of Whitehead's "Principia Mathematica", with some of its same advantages and disadvantages. With the advantage of formal exactitude comes the disadvantage (to the general reader) of having to deal with set theory, propositional logic, math and numbing precision about words. Also it seems that the more highly formalized is a system, the less interesting (even to philosophers and mathematicians) it comes to be, except as it may resolve major entanglements. Has anyone ever opened the "Principia" for help in solving a physics problem?

Fortunately, Popper does some untangling in a few interesting areas. For one, he demonstrates the supreme scientific importance, in a universal theory, of its falsifiability, and he shows the illogic of trying to formally prove any such theory. He shows also that it is not logical to assign a formal probability to the truth of a universal theory, even though some assessment can be made based on how easily a theory might be falsified and on how rigorous have been attempts at falsification.

Popper also emphasizes the importance of forming (falsifiable) hypotheses, quoting Novalis: "Hypotheses are nets; only he who casts catches". He concludes that there can be no formal process of generating them.

Popper also shows that (hypothesis aside) true induction in scientific analysis is an illusion and is in fact, where useful, deductive (mathematical induction notwithstanding; it is tautological).

I agree with Popper in so far as I follow him, but I sense that his major contributions here have already been accepted and entrained within current philosophy of science, making his arguments here primarily of historical importance today. He published originally in 1939, rewrote the book in English and re-published in 1959, and has added multiple and extensive appendices. He discusses therein (among many other things) the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox, obviously without mention of John Stewart Bell's 1964 paper and its relation, if any, to some of Popper's suggestions about entanglement.

A philosopher of science who has not read this book, if there be one, will want to add a star or two both for her greater appreciation of the formal arguments and for the historical aspects of interest. ( )
  KENNERLYDAN | Jul 11, 2021 |
> Babelio : https://www.babelio.com/livres/Popper-La-logique-de-la-decouverte-scientifique/9...

> Persée (Gohau Gabriel) : https://www.persee.fr/doc/raipr_0033-9075_1974_num_32_1_1713_t1_0121_0000_3

> Histoire et philosophie des sciences, (2013), page 152 : https://www.cairn.info/histoire-et-philosophie-des-sciences--9782361060398-page-...

> Sciences Humaines, Hors-série 42, « La bibliothèque idéale des sciences humaines », 2003 : http://thomas.lepeltier.free.fr/cr/popper-la-logique-de-la-decouverte-scientifiq...

> Dialectica, Vol. 29, No. 4 (1975), pp. 280-281 : https://www.jstor.org/stable/42968659

> Archives de Philosophie, Vol. 38, No. 2 (AVRIL-JUIN 1975), p. 312 : https://www.jstor.org/stable/43033689

> Revue Philosophique de la France et de l'Étranger, T. 166, No. 1, PHILOSOPHIE ET RELIGION (JANVIER-MARS 1976), pp. 74-75 :
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1M-SlDNRt3XCV-6TVys1dQeXO--z1ALgT/view?usp=shari...

> Les Études philosophiques, No. 2, L'idéalisme allemand entre gnose et religion chrétienne (Avril Juin 1999), pp. 282-284 : https://drive.google.com/file/d/1L0NwO6Acu1uT3dHNvZ17-Jre1dWOs8iJ/view?usp=shari...
  Joop-le-philosophe | Feb 12, 2021 |
501 POP
  ScarpaOderzo | Apr 19, 2020 |
Librería 6. Estante 4
  atman2019 | Dec 18, 2019 |
Should be required reading for every phd candidate in the sciences. Completely destroys the craft of the militant scientist. ( )
  shum57 | Jul 22, 2019 |
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Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
Popper, Karl R.Autorautor primaritotes les edicionsconfirmat
Freed, JuliusTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Freed, LanTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Keuth, HerbertEditorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Popper, Karl R.Traductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
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Described by the philosopher A.J. Ayer as a work of 'great originality and power', this book revolutionized contemporary thinking on science and knowledge. Ideas such asnbsp;the now legendary doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the scientific community, influencing even working scientists, as well as post-war philosophy. This astonishing work ranks alongside The Open Society and Its Enemies as one of Popper's most enduring books and contains insights and arguments that demand to be read to this day.

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