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L'Estructura de les revolucions científiques (1962)

de Thomas S. Kuhn

Altres autors: Mira la secció altres autors.

Sèrie: International Encyclopaedia of Unified Science (II.ii)

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7,277811,032 (3.99)38
A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were--and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don't arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of "normal science," as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn's essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn's ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking's introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context.  Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.… (més)
  1. 10
    Human Understanding: The Collective Use and Evolution of Concepts de Stephen Toulmin (thcson)
    thcson: Toulmin gives a good critique of Kuhn and discusses the history of scientific concepts from an evolutionary point of view. He utilizes the history of science in much the same way.
  2. 11
    The Body in Question de Jonathan Miller (Thruston)
    Thruston: The nature of the scientific process set out in Kuhn's masterly account, is one of the central themes in Miller's entertaining history of medicine and the way humans perceive themselves.
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As of 2012 it was being promised that Kuhn's last book would be published as Plurality of Worlds. It will now be published on December 5, 2022 in The Last Writings of Thomas S. Kuhn. Incommensurability in Science. Edited by Bojana Mladenovic.

Also. This is my footnote to the Ian Hacking introduction as an enhancement that might be of use to other readers.

The word paradigm has two usages: the exemplary case and the standard model. The first is in the realm of fact and the second is in the realm of theory. When Kuhn popularized the word in Structure of Scientific Revolutions he was using it in the first sense. Now the word is mostly used in the second. ( )
1 vota johnclaydon | Jun 11, 2022 |
Kuhn e művével mindazt lerombolta, amit a tudományfilozófia elmúlt évszázada oly gondosan felépített, nevezetesen a tudománynak azt a mítoszát, mely szerint a tudományos megismerés az utóbbi háromszáz évben töretlenül és egyenes vonalban fejlődik, s a vitathatatlan értékmentés, a páratlan igazságok tárházává válik. Kuhn sokat vitatott vagy éppen magasztalt nézetei nyomán új határterület jött létre a szűkebben vett tudományfilozófia és a tudománytörténet között: a „tudományos közösségek” és a „tudományos paradigmák” fogalmának bevezetésével a tudományfejlődés-elmélet, a maga rohamosan bővülő, óriási szakirodalmával.
  Gabriyella | Jan 16, 2022 |
I think that over all, this is a good book.
I had to read it for one of my classes (History and Philosophy of Science), and this book really makes you think about how science and scientific revolutions work.
Kuhn gives a lot of examples in this book, which I personally appreciated since I’m not so much of a science person.
My main problem with this book is that Kuhn gave small/brief explanations for some topics, while other topics he gave no explanations for.
Thankfully, though, my professor (who required this book) was able to answer certain questions and elaborate on Kuhn’s ideas. ( )
  historybookreads | Jul 26, 2021 |
This book is a classic. I am still wrapping my head around it, as I have just finished the book.

If you want to understand how scientific revolutions work, and how paradigms change, read this.

If you want to understand a book that you can - with modifications, - apply to other aspects of life, read this.

If you want to read a deep book that makes you think, read this.

In short - buy the book and read it.

After some time, read it again. ( )
  RajivC | May 20, 2021 |
how paradigms form and change
  ritaer | Mar 24, 2021 |
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The lasting value of Kuhn’s thesis in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that it reminds us that any science, however apparently purified of the taint of philosophical speculation, is nevertheless embedded in a philosophical framework — and that the great success of physics and biology is due not to their actual independence from philosophy but rather to physicists’ and biologists’ dismissal of it. Those who are inclined to take this dismissal as meaning that philosophy is dead altogether, or has been replaced by science, will do well to recognize the force by which Kuhn’s thesis opposes this stance: History has repeatedly demonstrated that periods of progress in normal science — when philosophy seems to be moot — may be long and steady, but they lead to a time when non-scientific, philosophical questions again become paramount. ...

Kuhn deserves the respect of the rigorous criticism that has come his way. It is fitting that his provocative thesis has faced blistering scrutiny — and remarkable that it has survived to instruct and vex us five decades later.
 

» Afegeix-hi altres autors (81 possibles)

Nom de l'autorCàrrecTipus d'autorObra?Estat
Kuhn, Thomas S.autor primaritotes les edicionsconfirmat
Hacking, IanIntroduccióautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Sautoy, Marcus duPròlegautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Solís Santos, CarlosTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Vetter, HermannÜbersetzerautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
Willink, BastiaanTraductorautor secundarialgunes edicionsconfirmat
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History, if viewed as a repository for more than anecdote or chronology, could produce a decisive transformation in the image of science by which we are now possessed.
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A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were--and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don't arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of "normal science," as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn's essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn's ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking's introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context.  Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

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