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The Revolution Betrayed de Leon Trotsky
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The Revolution Betrayed (edició 1937)

de Leon Trotsky (Autor), Max Eastman (Traductor)

MembresRessenyesPopularitatValoració mitjanaMencions
383449,372 (4.01)5
In 1917 workers and peasants of Russia were the motor force for one of the deepest revolutions in history. Yet within ten years a political counterrevolution by a privileged social layer whose chief spokesperson was Joseph Stalin was being consolidated. This classic study of the Soviet workers state and the degeneration of the revolution illuminates the roots of the disintegration of the Soviet bureaucracy and sharpening conflicts in and among the former republics of the USSR. "Probably the most readable, significant and interesting book that has thus far come from the prolific pen of the former leader of the Red Army.… Trotsky has an intimate knowledge of and a complete command of his subject.… [T]he canvas he fills is so broad and well-balanced as to be highly instructive even to those who do not limit their investigations of Soviet affairs to the reports of the correspondents.… In a series of brief but lucid chapters the author traces the remarkable evolution through which the Soviet State has passed since 1917.… Trotsky's narrative bring[s] to the reader an echo of the passionate discussion that has taken place behind the closed doors of the high Communist bodies."-The New York Times Book Review "Of all Stalin's opponents Trotsky alone has produced a systematic and comprehensive critique.… [O]ne of the most influential books of this century.… A classic of Marxist literature."-New Statesman "An important and devastating study.…"-New York TimesAppendix: 'Socialism in one country.' Index.… (més)
Membre:trrenaud
Títol:The Revolution Betrayed
Autors:Leon Trotsky (Autor)
Altres autors:Max Eastman (Traductor)
Informació:Faber and Faber (1937), Edition: First Edition, 312 pages
Col·leccions:Digital books
Valoració:
Etiquetes:No n'hi ha cap

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La revolucion desfigurada de Leon Trotsky

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Es mostren totes 4
When I lecture I will often, in the heat of the moment, say things based on my understanding of the topic, and oftentimes it is hard to pin-point where this knowledge came from - a case of: how do I know what I know? The experience usually sends me back to the books to reconfirm my knowledge. Whenever I read the classic political science texts from J.S. Mill, Rousseau, Hobbes, Locke, Burke, et al., I feel as though I am reading what I know. This is clearly a result of my education, but after having read these works, a series of gaps in my knowledge is simultaneously filled, and then, like a muscle at the gym, ripped asunder. To be sure, this is how we learn and improve, but the experience to this day leaves me feeling desperate for more time on this earth to learn the things I do not know - a list that grows daily. And Trotsky's work read like a familiar text. I may have read parts of it before, but in my class readers during my political science degree. But to rediscover these words and thoughts and ideas and ideals is mind-blowing. Trotsky was clearly a genius. This cannot be denied. But he was a politician in the same vein as Dr John Hewson: Fightback! was brilliant, and it has been for the most part implemented, but Dr Hewson was not a popular politician, Fightback! was a (in a "presentist" sense) a policy failure, yet Dr Hewson was right all along. I am probably drawing a long bow by putting Dr Hewson in the same category as Trotsky, but the same high intellectual-low political capability divide is evident. Parts of this work remind me of an old Soviet joke:Comrade 1: What is the difference between capitalism and communism? Comrade 2: In capitalism, man exploits man. In communism, it is the other way around.Trotsky points out all the theoretical problems with Stalinism, and brings in a useful comparison with the French Revolution, a common thread throughout the work, with the Thermidorian reaction to Robespierre explaining what was happening in Russia in the mid-1930s. Trotsky has no issue with deviations from the communist plot. He is well-aware that Russia was not meant to be where the great international revolution would begin. But now that it had, then some things had to be taken into account. Trotsky's issue was that these deviations from the plot, albeit necessary, were being hidden in bureaucratic nonsense, enabling the exploitation of man by man pretending to be a system that was meant to be overthrowing this very system. Trotsky's arguments are so solid that Stalin had to "liquidate" his ideas. The habit of purging, of course, was the antithesis of the Marxian ideal, and showed Stalin's "socialism within one country" as little more than a nouveau-bourgeois power-grab. Ultimately, Trotsky's predictions proved correct, and the rest is history. Trotsky's attack on the international "friends of socialism", in particular the Webbs ([a:Sidney Webb|15312770|Sidney Webb|https://images.gr-assets.com/authors/1467563522p2/15312770.jpg] and [a:Beatrice Webb|16198007|Beatrice Webb|https://s.gr-assets.com/assets/nophoto/user/u_50x66-632230dc9882b4352d753eedf9396530.png]), demonstrates his commitment to theoretical communism. I suspect that Lenin had the political nous that Trotsky lacked. Little wonder the back cover blurb states, accurately, that this work is "one of Marxism's most important texts". That communist theory has been so routinely dismissed because of Stalinism and the Russian experience is premature. In the long course of history, especially as technological developments mean there is less for more of us to do, if life continues as it does now, forevermore, then the extinction of the species will demonstrate natural justice in a way that our theorising never could. ( )
  madepercy | Nov 7, 2017 |
Why did I read this book at all? I always wanted to know what happened, What went wrong, And why people are the one that had to pay for it in the end? Sadly, it seemed to me as if everyone trying to purify themselves and make as much justification as they can. Although the book has some helpful points, but to me, the sad thing is that no reform is ever about people, it can be about many things such as capital, power and influence but not about them. ( )
  GazelleS | May 11, 2016 |
Largely polemic, lots of mixed metaphors, and even casual racism. Basically, it reads like period Leninist texts. ( )
  Urbandale | Jun 8, 2014 |
Trotsky's analysis of the Soviet Union and Stalinism in the 1930s.
  Fledgist | Jul 18, 2011 |
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In 1917 workers and peasants of Russia were the motor force for one of the deepest revolutions in history. Yet within ten years a political counterrevolution by a privileged social layer whose chief spokesperson was Joseph Stalin was being consolidated. This classic study of the Soviet workers state and the degeneration of the revolution illuminates the roots of the disintegration of the Soviet bureaucracy and sharpening conflicts in and among the former republics of the USSR. "Probably the most readable, significant and interesting book that has thus far come from the prolific pen of the former leader of the Red Army.… Trotsky has an intimate knowledge of and a complete command of his subject.… [T]he canvas he fills is so broad and well-balanced as to be highly instructive even to those who do not limit their investigations of Soviet affairs to the reports of the correspondents.… In a series of brief but lucid chapters the author traces the remarkable evolution through which the Soviet State has passed since 1917.… Trotsky's narrative bring[s] to the reader an echo of the passionate discussion that has taken place behind the closed doors of the high Communist bodies."-The New York Times Book Review "Of all Stalin's opponents Trotsky alone has produced a systematic and comprehensive critique.… [O]ne of the most influential books of this century.… A classic of Marxist literature."-New Statesman "An important and devastating study.…"-New York TimesAppendix: 'Socialism in one country.' Index.

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